Chanjo ya UKIMWI yagundulika Tanzania (ni kweli?)

Habari hii nimeotoa kama ilivyoripotiwa na Peter Mwenda na kuchapishwa katika gazeti tando la Majira.co.tz

Makamu Mkuu wa Chuo Kikuu cha Sayansi ya Tiba Muhimbili (MUHAS), Profesa Kisali Pallangyo, akizungumza na waandishi wa habari Dar es Salaam jana, kuhusu matokeo mazuri ya utafiti wa tiba ya ugonjwa unaodhoofisha kinga ya mwili kupambana na maradhi (UKIMWI) waliofanya kwa kipindi cha miaka 19 ambao umeonesha mafanikio makubwa. Kushoto ni mmoja wa watafiti ambaye pia ni Naibu Makamu Mkuu wa Chuo hicho, Profesa David Ngassapa. Utafiti huo umegharimu zaidi ya Shilingi Bilioni 5. (Picha na Charles Lucas)
CHUO Kikuu Cha Afya na Sayansi Kishiriki, Muhimbili (MUHAS) kimesema majaribio ya utafiti wa chanjo ya kutengeneza kichocheo cha kinga dhidi ya maabukizi ya virusi (VVU) umeonesha mafanikio makubwa.
Makamu Mkuu wa Chuo hicho, Profesa Kisali Pallangyo akizungumza Dar es Salaam jana alisema utafiti ulioanza mwaka 2007 na unaondelea katika chuo hicho umepata mafanikio ambayo yamesaidia kupatikana kwa chanjo ya kukinga maambukizi ya virusi vya UKIMWI. "Majibu ya utafiti wa chanjo ya kukinga maambukizi ya VVU katika Chuo cha MUHAS ni mazuri sana, walioshiriki wote ambao tumewachanja asilimia 100 miili yao imetengeneza kinga ya UKIMWI," alisema Profesa Pallangyo. Alisema baada ya mafanikio hayo MUHAS inatarajia kuwasilisha ripoti hiyo wiki ijayo kwenye hoteli ya Ngurdoto, Arusha na baadaye kwenye mkutano wa chanjo ya UKIMWI utakaofanyika Ufaransa Oktoba 19. Profesa Pallangyo alisema matokeo ya majaribio hayo ambayo yameonesha kutengeneza vichocheo vya kinga dhidi VVU, yanafanana na majaribio ya awamu ya kwanza nchini Swideni,nchi ambayo pia ilitoa fedha za kufanya utafiti kupitia Shirika lao la Maendeleo la Kimataifa (SIDA) ambalo lilitoa fedha za kununulia vifaa na kufanya utafiti.

Mkurugenzi wa Mafunzo wa MUHAS, Dkt. Muhammad Bakari alisema majaribio ya chanjo ya VVU kwa binadamu yalifanywa kwa askari polisi baada kutimiza masharti ya kutokuwa na maambukizi ya VVU ambao wamefanyiwa majaribio ya chanjo ya kuangalia usalama na uwezo wa kutengeneza kinga. Dkt. Bakari alisema japokuwa chanjo hiyo imeonesha mafanikio katika kuzuia maambukizi ya VVU lakini hakuna uhakika kwamba inaweza kuua virusi vya UKIMWI kwa wagonjwa ambao tayari wanaugua ugonjwa huo. Alisema chanjo hiyo inawezesha mwili kutengeneza vichocheo vya kinga ambavyo huenda vikatoa kinga dhidi ya maambukizi ya VVU na kuimarisha zaidi uwezo wa kitaalamu katika kufanya majaribio ya chanjo dhidi ya VVU nchini Tanzania. Dkt. Bakari alisema utafiti huo ambao umefanyiwa majaribio kwa washiriki ambao ni miongoni mwa askari Polisi polisi 60 wa Mkoa wa Dar es Salaam ambao walikubali kwa utashi na ridhaa yao na katika majaribio hayo hapakuwa na madhara yaliyotokea baada ya kupatiwa chanjo hiyo. Alisema majaribio hayo yalianza kufanyiwa polisi hao baada ya kutimiza vigezo vya kutokuwa na maabukizi ya UKIMWI,afya njema na wenye uwezekano mdogo wa kupata VVU ambao kutokana na ujasiri wao wanastahili kupewa heshima ya kishujaa kama wale wanaokwenda mstari wa mbele vitani.

Katika warsha hiyo, Mratibu wa Maabara wa MUHAS, Profesa Eligius Lyamuya alisema washiriki 24 kati ya 52 walipatiwa chanjo hiyo walifanikiwa kutengeneza vichocheo vya kinga dhidi ya VVU, baada ya kupata chanjo 3 za DNA. Alisema washiriki 35 kati ya 48 nao walitengeneza vichocheo baada ya kupata chanjo ya kupiga jeki na katika chanjo ya tatu washiriki 23 kati ya 59 wametengeneza vichocheo na wengine 34 kati ya 50 walipata chanjo hiyo walipata mafanikio kwa asilimia 100. Profesa Lyamuya alisema pamoja ya mafanikio hayo chuo hicho kinakabiliwa na changamoto ya kuongeza maabara, wafanyakazi wa maabara na kuongeza vifaa vya maabara.

Naye mtaalam wa kinga na magonjwa yanayosababishwa na virusi, Profesa Fred Mhalu na alisema chanjo hiyo isiwe kichocheo cha kufanya ngono bila kufuata ushauri wa kitaalamu wa kuacha kujamiiana na kuchelewesha ngono kwa vijana hadi umri wa kuoana au kuishi pamoja, uaminifu kwa wenye ndoa ambao wamepima na matumizi ya mipira ya kiume au ya kike ambayo ikitumiwa vizuri hukinga kwa asilimia 90. Alisema Tanzania yenye watu watu milioni 40, kati yao, watu milioni 1.4 wameambukizwa virusi vya UKIMWI. Kati yao 760,000 ni wanawake na watoto wanaoishi na virusi ni 140,000. Profesa Mhalu alisema kutoka utafiti huo uanze kufanyika MUHAS umetumia gharama za majaribio ya kutafuta chanjo ya VVU ya Sh.bilioni tano ambazo zimetumika ajili ya kununua vifaa vya kupima vinasaba na kwa sasa imeanzisha programu kwa ajili ya kutoa mafunzo ya mafundi wa maabara.

Diego Armando Maradona ashangilia ushindi kihivi...

Ilikuwa ni kiecheko na nderemo kwa timu ya mpira wa miguu ya Argentina baada ya kuichapa Peru bao 2 kwa 1 na hivyo kuibuka mshindi katika mojawapo ya mechi za kinyang'anyiro cha kupata tiketi ya kucheza kombe la dunia litakalofanyika nchini Afrika Kusini hapo mwakani (2010). Kocha wa timu hiyo, Diego Armando Maradona alishindwa kujizuia furaha yake hasa ukizingatia kudorora na kupoteza mechi kadhaa hivyo safari hii alifanya malipizi na kupiga mbizi kiwanjani. Tazama video hapo chini baada ya picha...




Become a fellow at The Acumen Fund Fellows Program

Each year, the Acumen Fund Fellows Program provides extraordinary young professionals with a unique opportunity to use their skills to effect real social change with our portfolio organizations in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, India and Pakistan, and to build lasting relationships with other like-minded individuals.

Who Becomes a Fellow?

Acumen Fund Fellows are drawn from a pool of talented, passionate individuals from all geographies, sectors, backgrounds, religions and ages. Ideal Fellows include those who have already decided on a career in venture philanthropy, those who are seeking a career at the highest levels in the corporate world but want to better understand and impact problems of global poverty, and budding social entrepreneurs who want to learn about managing organizations in demanding settings. Learn about previous fellows and their experiences here.

Frequently Asked Questions

Click here for detailed answers to frequently asked questions about the Fellows Program and about the selection process.

The Application Process
The application process takes place each fall for the Fellows class of the following year. The Class of 2010-2011 will begin their year-long fellowship in September 2010 and will complete the program in September 2011.

The application process for the Class of 2010-2011 opens on Thursday, October 1, 2009 and closes on Thursday, November 5, 2009 at 11:59pm EST. All applications must be completed and submitted online. It is recommended that you submit your application well in advance of the deadline to avoid any last-minute technical difficulties.

Please read the Application Instructions to familiarize yourself with the various pieces that we encourage you to prepare before beginning your online application.

Begin application for the Class of 2010-2011 via this link: 
https://acumenfund.tms.hrdepartment.com/cgi-bin/a/highlightjob.cgi?jobid=4&lcid=en-US

Postdoctoral Position in systems biology of human metabolism

The Center of Systems Biology, University of Iceland (www.systemsbiology.is, CSB UoI), is looking to recruit a highly motivated postdoctoral fellow to join a growing effort focusing on systems biology of human metabolism. The research at the CSB UoI focuses on 1) human metabolism and 2) industrial biotechnology. The Center is an interdisciplinary center with the Schools of Medicine, Engineering and Natural Sciences participating.

The CSB UoI aims to characterize human disease using a systems biology approach. This research effort focuses on 1) expanding the currently available human metabolic reconstruction, 2) discovery of new functions and pathways in human metabolism using computational and experimental techniques, 3) phenotyping of human cell lines using metabolomic techniques, 4) computational and experimental analysis of metabolic changes associated with disease, and 5) high-throughput drug screening. We use the state-of-the-art computational methods to guide and design human cell culturing experiments as well as metabolomic measurements. These technologies are embedded in a biologically driven research program that aims at systematic understanding of human metabolism, disease manifestation and drug target identification.

The successful candidate will be expected to work on expanding the human metabolic reconstruction and lead the computational gap filling effort. The postholder will also mine databases and genomic information, participate in protein annotation of this human metabolism project and will be expected to provide curation and quality control for the protein functional annotation framework. In addition, the postholder will be part of a team to develop quantitative tools required to expand mass spectrometry capabilities and integrative bioinformatics at the CSB UoI.

The ideal candidate will hold a PhD in Bioinformatics or related field and have a strong background in biology as well as computational modelling. All projects at the CSB UoI are interdisciplinary; therefore, a strong motivation to collaborate with experimental groups is required. Programming skills and knowledge of computational methods used in systems biology are required. Knowledge of human metabolism and drug metabolism will be advantage. Individuals with backgrounds in metabolic network reconstruction or metabolic engineering are especially encouraged to apply. Furthermore, the candidate must be fluent in English. Additionally, the candidate must have excellent communication and interpersonal skills and be capable of working within a team of biologists and programmers.

The position is available immediately. Please send a cover letter, a brief description of research experience and interests, a curriculum vitae and contact information for three references in pdf file form to Professor Ines Thiele ( [email protected] ). All applications will be answered and applicants will be informed about the appointment when a decision has been made. Salary for the positions will be according to collective wage and salary agreement. Appointments to the University of Iceland do take into account the Equal Rights Project of the University of Iceland.

Source: http://www.systemsbiology.is/PostDocSysBioHumMet

Postdoctoral Position: Development of computational methods for human systems biology

We are looking to recruit a highly motivated postdoctoral fellow to join a growing research effort focusing on systems biology of human metabolism. The laboratory is part of the Center for Systems Biology at the University of Iceland (CSB). The research at the Center for Systems biology focuses on 1) human metabolism and 2) industrial biotechnology. The Center is an interdisciplinary center with the Schools of Medicine, Engineering and Natural Sciences participating.

The CSB has been awarded a grant to characterize human disease using a systems biology approach. The research effort focuses on 1) expanding the currently available human metabolic reconstruction, 2) discovery of new functions and pathways in human metabolism using computational and experimental techniques, 3) phenotyping of human cell lines using metabolomic techniques, 4) computational and experimental analysis of metabolic changes associated with disease, and 5) high-throughput drug screening. We use the state-of-the-art computational methods to guide and design human cell culturing experiments as well as metabolomic measurements. These technologies are embedded in a biologically driven research program that aims at systematic understanding of human metabolism, disease manifestation and drug target identification.

The successful candidate will be expected to process and employ high-throughput data (transcriptomic and metabolomic data) to generate cell- and tissue specific models, which will allow simulation of normal and disease states. The postholder will develop and improve computational methods based on operation research approaches. The project includes the interrogation of metabolic networks and translation of quantitative HT data as model constraints. Furthermore, the postholder will be involved in other projects in the group and at the CSB requiring development of computational methods.

The ideal candidate will hold a PhD in Bioinformatics or related field and have a strong background in computational modelling, operation research, statistical analysis, high-throughput data analysis and biology. All projects at the CSB are interdisciplinary; therefore, a strong motivation to collaborate with experimental groups is required. Excellent programming skills are required. Knowledge of human metabolism and drug metabolism is of benefit. Furthermore, the candidate must be fluent in English. In addition, the candidate must have excellent communication and interpersonal skills and be capable of working within a team of biologists and programmers. All applications and inquires should be directed to Professor Ines Thiele ( [email protected] ).

Source: http://www.systemsbiology.is/PostDocComMethHumSys

Maji ndoo moja TSh 1000/= Longido, Manyara.

Hali ya ukame inayoendelea nchini iemanza kuathiri baada ya maeneo ya nchi kwa kusababisha hasara ya mifugo na binadamu. Habari zinaripotiwa kuwa wakazi wa Longido mkoani Manyara wanalazimika kununua maji kwa shilingi elfu moja kwa ndoo ya ujazo wa lita ishirini.

Habari  hii imeandikwa katika gazeti tando la ArushaTimes na Edward Selasini
At Longido township, the youth collect water in containers from Namanga border town a distance of 25 kilometres and transport the precious liquid using old ramshackle land rovers.

According to the Namanga councilor Kishir Ole Nabak, who spoke to reporters recently, the scarcity of water in the area was so serious that he was afraid people might die along with their livestock. Nabak said the able bodied morans had trekked with some of the animals to other regions such as Tanga and Morogoro in search of pasture.
The Longido district council was making arrangement with the Arusha Municipal Council to hire of their old fire engine to supply water from Namanga to Longido township weekly.

One of the residents of Longido, a middle age woman, Sinyati William said she was afraid they may not survive the drought. Elderly men, women and children left behind, after the 'morans' departure to seek green pastures along the coast, are threatened also by looming famine.

The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind - We need more of him in Tanzania

With power problems that we have in Tanzania, I just wish we had many of Kamkwamba to help us find a solution to this historical problem. When I listened to Kamkwamba's story, I wondered, why is Malawi still facing power shortages? and What is it that our educated engineers in Tanzania can't agree to work on to solve this problem?
So, literally, this tells me that there is more into it than just the 'happy ending story of Kamkwamba'. Is the dirty politics in the middle of this again?

Listen and watch videos about this remarkable story of Wiliam Kamkwamba 
 
A Windmill That Saves a Village 

In 2002, teenaged William Kamkwamba had a vision in the very poor African nation of Malawi: A little bicycle generator that powers a light, if connected to a windmill, could allow him to read his schoolbooks at night. As he went further with his plans, he began to see how such a windmill might actually bring the 20th century to his own village. Out this week is "The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind," a book that tells Kamkwamba's story. We talked with William Kamkwamba and Bryan Mealer, the book's co-authors.
Listen here.







The Daily Show With Jon Stewart
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William Kamkwamba
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Max Perutz PhD Programme - CALL OPEN

Application Deadline: November 6, 2009

The Max F. Perutz Laboratories offer students from all over the world the opportunity to participate in the Max Perutz PhD Programme.

The Max Perutz Labs are a joint-venture of the University Vienna and the Medical University Vienna. Located at the Vienna Biocenter Campus, the Max Perutz Labs enable students to participate in high quality research in an international academic environment as well as establishing connections with nearby companies.

All Max Perutz PhD Students are employed with a full-time contract and a salary corresponding to the guidelines of the Austrian Research Funds (FWF). Students are recruited by a structured selection and interview process.
Only students with a master’s, MD degree, or equivalent are allowed to enrol at the University or Medical University for PhD studies.

Applying to the Max Perutz PhD Programme

The application process is structured as follows:
• A completed application form (download from this site) has to be e-mailed to [email protected] by the applicant and 2 letters of reference must be sent directly to the same address by the referees.
• A Selection Committee screens the applications and invites selected candidates for an interview in Vienna
• The Max Perutz Selection Committee interviews the candidates.
• Candidates, who pass the selection, will proceed to individual job interviews with group leaders offering positions. 

Open Positions:

Info source link: http://www.mfpl.ac.at/index.php?cid=880