Global status report on alcohol and health 2014 - Report by WHO


Tanzania statistics according to WHO's 2014 report

Tanzania stats by WHO report 2014
 
According to figures released by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in a report titled Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health 2014 statistics shows that the percentage of adult population that drinks alcohol in countries around Africa's Great Lakes is as follows:-
  1. Kenya = 23.1
  2. Rwanda = 44.7
  3. Tanzania = 41.8 
  4. Burundi = 41.1 
  5. Uganda = 41
Analysis by Standard Investment Bank estimates that, while Kenya has a lower alcohol-consuming population in the region, it has the largest number of beer consumers at 56 per cent of all alcoholic beverages consumed compared to 50 per cent in Ethiopia, Burundi's 25 per cent, 11 per cent in Rwanda and Tanzania and only 9 per cent in Uganda.
 
Africa average alcohol consumption per capita is 6 per cent with Tanzania 7.7 at litres, Kenya at 4.3, Nigeria 10.1, Rwanda and Uganda at 9.8 and South Africa 11 alcohol consumoption per capita.

WHO calls on governments to do more to prevent alcohol-related deaths and diseases

News release
Despite relatively low alcohol consumption and abuse in Kenya, a 2012 survey by National Authority for Campaign against Alcohol and Drug Abuse found that 13 per cent of teenagers in the
10-14 years age bracket have used an intoxicating substance, mostly alcohol and cigarettes. In the 15-24 years bracket, a worrying 11.7 per cent were addicted to alcohol while 6.2 per cent were regular users of tobacco products.
 
Worldwide, 3.3 million deaths in 2012 were due to harmful use of alcohol, says a new report launched by WHO today. Alcohol consumption can not only lead to dependence but also increases people’s risk of developing more than 200 diseases including liver cirrhosis and some cancers. In addition, harmful drinking can lead to violence and injuries.
 
The report also finds that harmful use of alcohol makes people more susceptible to infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and pneumonia.
 
The "Global status report on alcohol and health 2014" provides country profiles for alcohol consumption in the 194 WHO Member States, the impact on public health and policy responses.
 
“More needs to be done to protect populations from the negative health consequences of alcohol consumption,” says Dr Oleg Chestnov, WHO Assistant Director-General for Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health. “The report clearly shows that there is no room for complacency when it comes to reducing the harmful use of alcohol.”
 
Some countries are already strengthening measures to protect people. These include increasing taxes on alcohol, limiting the availability of alcohol by raising the age limit, and regulating the marketing of alcoholic beverages.
 
Report highlights

The report also highlights the need for action by countries including:
  • national leadership to develop policies to reduce harmful use of alcohol (66 WHO Member States had written national alcohol policies in 2012);
  • national awareness-raising activities (nearly 140 countries reported at least one such activity in the past three years);
  • health services to deliver prevention and treatment services, in particular increasing prevention, treatment and care for patients and their families, and supporting initiatives for screening and brief interventions.
In addition the report shows the need for communities to be engaged in reducing harmful use of alcohol.
 
On average every person in the world aged 15 years or older drinks 6.2 litres of pure alcohol per year. But as less than half the population (38.3%) actually drinks alcohol, this means that those who do drink consume on average 17 litres of pure alcohol annually.
 
The report also points to the fact that a higher percentage of deaths among men than among women are from alcohol-related causes - 7.6% of men’s deaths and 4% of women’s deaths – though there is evidence that women may be more vulnerable to some alcohol-related health conditions compared to men. In addition, the authors note that there is concern over the steady increase in alcohol use among women.
 
“We found that worldwide about 16% of drinkers engage in heavy episodic drinking - often referred to as ‘binge-drinking’ - which is the most harmful to health,” explains Dr Shekhar Saxena, Director for Mental Health and Substance Abuse at WHO. "Lower-income groups are more affected by the social and health consequences of alcohol. They often lack quality health care and are less protected by functional family or community networks.”
 
Globally, Europe is the region with the highest consumption of alcohol per capita, with some of its countries having particularly high consumption rates. Trend analysis shows that the consumption level is stable over the last 5 years in the region, as well as in Africa and the Americas, though increases have been reported in the South-East Asia and the Western Pacific regions.
 
Through a global network, WHO is supporting countries in their development and implementation of policies to reduce the harmful use of alcohol. The need for intensified action was endorsed in the landmark 2011 United Nations General Assembly meeting, which identified alcohol as one of four common risk factors* contributing to the non-communicable diseases (NCDs) epidemic.
 
For more information, contact
 
Glenn Thomas
WHO Department of Communications
Mobile: +41 79 509 0677
Telephone.: +41 22 791 3983
 
Tarik Jasarevic
WHO Department of Communications
Mobile: + 41 79 367 62 14
Telephone: + 41 22 791 50 99

Global status report on alcohol and health 2014

The report provides a global overview of alcohol consumption in relation to public health (Chapter 1) as well as information on: the consumption of alcohol in populations (Chapter 2); the health consequences of alcohol consumption (Chapter 3); and policy responses at national level (Chapter 4). In addition the report contains country profiles for WHO Member States and appendices with statistical annexes, a description of the data sources and methods used as well as references.