Makulilo: Tofauti ya kuomba Masters, PhD kwa Ulaya na Marekani, Canada

Ukiachilia kujumuisha mambo yote ya jumla katika uombaji scholarship kama vile recommendation letters, sample writing, application nk, kuna utofauti uliopo ambao utakusaidia kufanya maamuzi ya wapi uombe.

a) Application Fee:


Vyuo vya ulaya havina Application Fee. Hili ni jambo muhimu sana, maana itakusaidia kuomba vyuo vingi bure. Gharama ni za kutuma documents kwa njia ya posta nk.

Kwa upande wa USA na Canada hii ni tofauti. Kwa kila chuo uombacho, unatakiwa kulipa si chini ya dola 50-100 kama fee. Hii kwa maisha ya Kitanzania ni hela kubwa ukizingatia unatakiwa uombe vyuo vingi ujiwekee uwezekano wa kupata.

b) Admission Exams

TOEFL au IELTS

Kwa upande wa Ulaya, wao wana mtihani mmoja wa English Proficiency. Unatakiwa kufanya aidha mtihani wa TOEFL (Test of English as Foreign Language) au IELTS (International English Language Testing System). Huo mtihani wa TOEFL ni wa kimarekani unafanyikia pale Chuo cha Mwalimu Nyerere kule Kigamboni, ambapo ada ya mtihani huo ni kama dola 185. Na mtihani wa IELTS ni wa waingereza na hufanyikia pale British Council ada yake ni kama laki nne hivi. Unatakiwa kufanya mtihani mmmoja kati ya hiyo miwili.

Kuna vyuo au nchi chache zinaruhusu applicants kuomba vyuo bila kuonesha cheti cha Kiingereza cha TOEFL au IELTS. Mfano, ukiomba vyuo vya Norway wao kupitia Quota Scheme scholarship applicants ambao wamesoma high school na university kwa lugha ya kiingereza hawana haja ya kuonesha/kufanya mitihani hiyo.

Ushauri wangu, usisubirie zali mpaka upate exemption hiyo. Maana ni vyuo vichache/nchi chache zenye kutoa exemption hiyo. Ukisubiria zali hiyo utasubiria muda mrefu kama ukikosa chuo husika. Ila ukifanya mtihani wa TOEFL au IELTS utakuwa umejiongezea wigo wa kuomba vyuo vingi, scholarships kibao ni LAZIMA uwe na requirement hii.

Kwa upande wa USA, vyuo vyote na scholarships zote ni lazima uoneshe cheti cha TOEFL au IELTS. Ila sharti lingine kwa USA, kwa kila chuo uombacho, ni lazima utumie original copy of test results. Na ni wenye kumiliki mtihani wa TOEFL yaani ETS ndio wenye mamlaka ya kutuma copy ya matokeo yako ya mtihani kwenye chuo uombacho. Na kwa kila chuo, copy ya cheti kimoja lazima ulipie dola 15 kwa kila copy. Hivyo ni gharama kwani ukiachilia kulipia application fee let's say dola 70, utalipia tena dola 15 ya TOEFL cheti kutumwa kwenye chuo. Kamwe hawachukui copy ya matokeo toka kwako.

GRE na GMAT

Ulaya wao hawana hii mitihani ya GRE na GMAT. Hii ni mitihani kama unataka kusoma USA only.

Mitihani hii ni kama ile matriculation enzi zile kuingia chuoni. GRE (Graduate Record Exam) ni kwa applicants ambao wanataka kusoma non-management programs. Na kwa GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test) ni kwa wale wanaotaka kusoma Management Programs. Mitihani hii yote gharama yake ni kama dola 185 na inafanyikia pale kwa Mwalimu Nyerere, chuo kikuu.

Ukiachilia gharama ya mtihani, kwa kila copy moja utakayopata/utakayotuma kwenye chuo ni dola 27. Kumbuka chuo chochote huku hakichukui cheti/copy toka kwa applicant, all results should be sent from official owners of the exam, yaani ETS. Na hakuna chuo utakachopata iwe ni kwa masters au PhD bila ya GRE au GMAT exam.

Gharama unaiona: Kwa USA, kuna application fee kati ya dola 50-100 kutegemeana na chuo, kuna TOEFL, GRE, pamoja na gharama ya kila cheti/copy utakayotuma kwenye chuo. Hivyo gharama ya application ya chuo kimoja ni kama dola 100-120 kutegemeana na chuo, na bado unaweza kukosa kwani mwombaji sio wewe peke yako.

Hivyo kiushauri, huwa ni vyema mtu kuomba vyuo vingi vya ulaya sababu za gharama, na kama ukiomba USA basi viwe vichache unless lengo lako liwe ni lazima usome USA tu hivyo utaingia gharama hizo.

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MAKULILO
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WSD Postgraduate Training Fellowships

Postgraduate Training Fellowships for Women Scientists from Sub-Saharan Africa and Least Developed Countries (LDC) at Centres of Excellence in the South. The Fellowship is offered to women scientists to pursue postgraduate research in a field of the natural sciences.

Eligibility

  • Open to qualified women science graduates from countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and Least Developed Countries (see list below).
  • If applicants are over 40 years of age, they should include a brief explanation of why their research career has been delayed.
  • The minimum qualification is an MSc degree (or equivalent), or an outstanding BSc honours degree in the natural sciences, engineering or information technology disciplines (see list below).
  • Host institutions must be located in a developing country. This must be a different country from the applicant's home country.
  • Applicants must provide a preliminary acceptance letter from at least one host institute. The letter must be prepared based on the sample on page 10 and be signed by the head of department, potential host supervisor or postgraduate studies coordinator.
  • Students from eligible countries already enrolled on a PhD programme in their home country can apply for the sandwich option. This gives them access to expertise and resources that might not be available at the home institute.
  • Applicants already on site in the host country will not be considered eligible since this implies that they have already secured sufficient funding for their studies.
  • The applicant must be willing to return to her own country after completion of the fellowship.
  • Accompanying persons are not eligible for support. 

ELIGIBLE SCIENTIFIC FIELDS:

Agricultural Sciences; Structural, Cell and Molecular Biology; Biological Systems and Organisms; Medical and Health Sciences; Neurosciences; Chemical Sciences; Engineering Sciences; Information Technology; Astronomy, Space and Earth Sciences; Mathematical Sciences; Physics.

Please note that applications from students in the Basic (or 'pure') Sciences, such as Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry are encouraged.

ELIGIBLE COUNTRIES:

Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros Islands, Congo Dem. Rep., Congo Rep., Côte d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kenya, Kiribati, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Niger, Réunion, Rwanda, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tuvalu, Uganda, Western Sahara, Vanuatu, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Deadline for applications: 31 July 2015.

Call: Science Granting Councils Initiative in Sub-Saharan Africa

CALL FOR: EXPRESSIONS OF INTEREST

Deadline: July 22, 2015 by 00:00 (12:00 AM) (UTC-05:00) Eastern Time (US and Canada)

Eligibility: This initiative is open to Science Granting Councils in Eastern, Southern, Central, and West Africa.

Duration: 60 months

Budget: CA$13.9 million

Scope: ​This call aims to select organizations to participate in a 5-year Science Granting Councils Initiative in Sub-Saharan Africa to support research and evidence-based policies that will contribute to economic and social development.

The Initiative will support Science Granting Councils to
  • manage research
  • design and monitor research programs based on the use of robust science, technology, and innovation indicators
  • support knowledge exchange with the private sector
  • establish partnerships with each other and with other science system actors
  • Activities will include exchange and training, forums on evidence and best practices, online training, individualized on-site coaching, and collaborative research as requested by each participating Council.

The Initiative currently has funding for up to eight (8) Science Granting Councils. While the emphasis is on Eastern Africa; however the Initiative will include additional Councils from Southern, Central, and West Africa on request by countries. A further eight (8) Councils will be invited to participate in partnerships activities.

Documents
All additional questions should be addressed to [email protected]

​​This initiative is jointly funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID), Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC), and South Africa's National Research Foundation (NRF).

Call for grants applications: IDRC Research Awards 2016

Deadline: August 06, 2015 by 16:00 (04:00 PM) (UTC-05:00) Eastern Time (US and Canada)

Eligibility: This call is open to Canadians, permanent residents of Canada, and citizens of developing countries pursuing a master’s or a doctoral degree at a recognized university OR who have completed a master's or doctoral degree at a recognized university. These research awards may be part of an academic requirement.

Other eligibility requirements include:
  • Your proposed research must focus on one or more developing countries.
  • Candidates cannot receive any other Canadian government scholarship, award, subsidy, bursary, or honorarium, or hold any federal government contract in support of a research/work project for the duration of the award.
  • If you are a non-Canadian residing, relocating, or studying in Canada and are recommended for an award, you will need a valid work permit before working at IDRC.
Duration: January to December 2016 (12 months). Based in Ottawa, Canada (Select placements may be located in one of IDRC's Regional Offices).

Budget: Salary for one year: CA$39,797-CA$46,070

Scope: For payroll purposes, awardees are considered as full-time employees of IDRC. Benefits include Employer contributions to Employment Insurance, Employer Health Tax, Canada Pension Plan, and paid vacation leave. Some travel and research expenses are also supported, up to a maximum of CA$15,000.

As a research award recipient, you will undertake a one-year paid program of research on the topic you submitted to the competition and receive hands-on experience in research management; grant administration; and the creation, dissemination, and use of knowledge from an international perspective.

Access the call document and frequently asked questions (FAQs):
All additional questions should be addressed to [email protected]

Mambo 5 unayolazimika kuyaacha ndipo ufanikiwe


Watu wenye mafanikio makubwa mara nyingi huwa ni watu ambao hawana tofauti kubwa sana na wewe. Huwa ni watu walewale ambao pengine tunakuwa nao na hata kupishana nao barabarani. Tofauti kubwa inayojitokeza kati ya watu hao na wewe ni namna wanavyofikiri na matendo yao wanayoyatenda kila siku. Matendo yao huwa yanaendana na mkabala na kile wanachokitaka maishani mwao na sio vinginevyo.

Kwa kuwa huwa wanajua wanachokitaka hujikuta ni watu wa kutenda na kuacha mambo ambayo wanahisi kwa namna yoyote ile yanaweza kuwarudisha nyuma. Kwa kifupi hawa huwa ni watu wanaoshikilia mambo wanayoona yanayowapa faida na mafanikio makubwa. Mambo yote ambayo ni mzigo kwao huwa hawayabebi. Hicho ndicho kitu ambacho hata wewe unachotakiwa kukifanya ili kufanikiwa zaidi.

Hutakiwi kung’ang’ania sana mambo ambayo hayawezi kukupa mafanikio katika maisha yako. Ili uweze kufanikiwa unalazimika kuyaacha mambo hayo mara moja. Mara nyingi umejikuta ukiwa ukikwama kutokana na wewe kuzidi kuwa king’ang’anizi kwa mambo hayo. Huu ni wakati wa kubadilika sasa. Kama ulikuwa hujui ama una kigugumizi juu ya hili, haya ndiyo mambo unayolazimika kuyaacha mara moja ili kuweza kufanikiwa:-

1. Acha kutegemea mafanikio ya haraka.

Mara nyingi hizi ndizo zimekuwa ndoto nyingi za watu wengi kutaka kuona mafanikio makubwa na ya haraka. Mafanikio yoyote huwa yanajengwa hatua kwa hatua. Tena kuna wakati huwa ni hatua za kutambaa mithili ya mtoto mdogo. Kama utategemea mafanikio ya haraka zaidi katika maisha yako hutayapata zaidi ya kujidanganya wewe mwenyewe. Acha kung’angania mafanikio ya haraka, utakwama. Jiwekee malengo kisha songa mbele.

2. Acha kuwa mtu wa visingizio.

Hili ni jabo mojawapo ambalo umekuwa ukiling’ang’ania mara kwa mara katika maisha yako. Umekuwa ni mtu wa visingizio kwa kudai kuwa huwezi kufanikiwa kwa sababu hukusoma, huna mtaji ama umetoka katika familia maskini. Kutokana na visingizio hivyo umekuwa huchukui hatua yoyote zaidi ya kuzidi kufanya maisha yako kuwa magumu. Ili uweze kufanikiwa, achana na kung’ang’ania visingizio kama mkombozi wako. Badala yake, chukua hatua juu ya maisha yako.

3. Acha kuogopa sana kushindwa.

Kushindwa ni hatua mojawapo muhimu ya kuweza kukufikisha kwenye njia halisi ya mafanikio. Unaposhindwa unakuwa unajifunza kutokana na makosa unayoyafanya na kisha kuendelea zaidi. Kama utaendelea kuogopa kujaribu mambo mapya kila siku kwa sababu ya kushindwa, tambua hutaweza kufanikisha mambo makubwa katika maisha yako. Ili uweze kufikia mafanikio makubwa hutakiwi kuogopa kushindwa kwa namna yeyote ile. Unatakiwa kuachana na woga huu mara moja ili kufikia mafanikio makubwa.

4. Acha kufanya kazi kutegemea pesa.

Kama utaendelea kufanya kazi na kuwaza pesa! Pesa Pesa!, hutaweza kufika mbali sana. Fanya kazi kwa lengo la kujifunza na kisha baada ya hapo pesa ndiyo ifuate. Ukiwa unafanya kazi kwa lengo la kupata pesa utajikuta unafanya mambo yako mengi sana chini ya ufanisi. Badili fikra zako na acha kung’ang’ania kufanya kazi kwa kutaka pesa tu. Ukitengeneza huduma iliyobora zaidi pesa kama pesa itake isitake itakufuata tu huko ulipo.

5. Acha kufikiria sana makosa yaliyopita.

Kwa kuendelea kufikiri sana makosa uliyoyafanya hiyo itakufanya uzidi kupoteza mwelekeo wa mafanikio yako. Njia sahihi ya kufanikiwa ni kuachana na kufikiria makosa hayo. Vinginevyo utakuwa unapoteza nguvu zako nyingi kun’gang’ania jambo ambalo haliwezi kukufikisha kwenye mafanikio ya kweli. Hili ni jambo mojawapo ambalo unatakiwa kuliacha mara moja ili uweze kufanikiwa.

Kwa vyovyote vile, kwa kadri unavyozidi kun’gang’ania mambo hayo ndivyo ambavyo unajikuta unazidi kuharibu maisha yako bila kujua. Ili kuweza kufanikiwa na kutimiza ndoto zako halisi ulizojiwekea, unatakiwa kushika wajibu mmoja tu. Huu ni wajibu wa kuweza kun’gang’ania mambo yatakayokusaidia na kubadili maisha yako kabisa. Kwa kifupi, hayo ndiyo mambo unayotakiwa kuyaacha mara moaj ili uweze kufanikiwa.

DAIMA TUPO PAMOJA MPAKA MAISHA YETU YAIMARIKE,
IMANI NGWANGWALU,
0713 048035,
[email protected]

Imenukuliwa kutoka www.amkamtanzania.com

Cheka kidogo na methali za kisasa...


  1. Simba mwendapole = Huyo ni Sharobaro.

  2. Asiyefunzwa na Mamae = Ujue Mama hajapitia Ualimu.

  3. Zimwi likujualo = Lilikuona sehemu.

  4. Chelewa chelewa = Ukizikusanya utapata ufagio.

  5. Hakuna masika = Wakati wa kiangazi.

  6. Mpanda ngazi = Asiwe mwoga kuanguka.

  7. Dua la kuku = Bismilah Rahman Rahim. 

  8. Penye wengi = Pana ajali au tukio

  9. Ukiona vyaelea = Ujue ni vyepesi.

  10. Mwenye nguvu = Amekula ugali wa dona.

Kilimo bora cha pilipili hoho


Pilipili hoho ni moja ya mazao ya viungo ambalo hulimwa kwa wingi Mikoa ya Arusha, Kilimanjaro, Tanga, Morogoro, Mbeya na Iringa.

Zao hili hutumika kama kiungo kwenye vyakula mbalimbali kama vile vyama, viazi na ndizi. Vilevile hutumika katika kutengeneza kachumbari na kuweza kukaushwa na kusagwa ili kupata unga.

Viini lishe vinavyopatikana katika pilipili tamu au hoho ni Vitamini A,B,C na madini aina ya chokaa na chuma.

MAZINGIRA

Zao hili hukua vizuri kwenye hali ya hewa yenye joto la wastani (nyuzi joto 18 hadi 20) za Sentigredi, joto likizidi vichomozo, maua na matunda huanguka.

Huhitaji mwinuko wa kuanzia usawa wa bahari hadi mita 1,500 na mvua za wastani kiasi cha milimita 600 hadi 1500.

Udongo unaofaa kwa zao hili ni ule wenye rutuba, mboji nyingi, kina kirefu na usiotuamisha maji.

AINA

Kuna aina nyingi za pilipili hoho. Baadhi ya aina zinazostawishwa nchini ni California, Wonder, Emerald Giant, Sweet Neapotitan, Yolo Wonder, Pimiento na Keystone Resistant Giant. Aina zingine ni kama vile Ruby King, Ruby Giant, Libert Bell na Yolo Wonder B.

KUPANDA MBEGU

Mbegu zinaweza kupandwa moja kwa moja shambani au kuoteshwa kwanza kwenye kitalu na baadaye kuhamishiwa shambani.

Kuotesha mbegu Kitaluni

Kabla ya kusia mbegu tengeneza tuta lenye upana wa mita moja. Urefu wa tuta utategemea eneo la shamba linalotarajiwa kupandwa. Weka mbolea za asili zilizooza vizuri kiasi cha ndoo mbili au zaidi katika eneo la mita mraba moja. Changanya mbolea na udongo vizuri, kisha tengeneza vifereji vyenye nafasi ya sentimeta 10 hadi 15 kutoka kifereji hadi kingine. Kina cha kifereji kiwe sentimeta moja hadi tatu katika eneo hilo, kiasi hiki kitatoa miche ambayo itatosha kupandikiza katika eneo la mita mraba 100.

Baada ya kusia fukia kwa kutumia udongo laini au mbolea za asili zilizooza vizuri. Weka matandazo na kisha mwagilia maji. Endelea kumwagilia kitalu kila siku asubuhi na jioni hadi mbegu zitakapoota. Mbegu huota baada ya siku sita hadi 10. Mara zitakapoota ondoa matandazo. Endelea kumwagilia maji hadi wakati miche inakuwa tayari kwa kupandikizwa.

KUTAYARISHA SHAMBA

Tayarisha shamba vizuri mwezi mmoja kabla ya kupandikiza miche, katua ardhi katika kina cha kutosha sentimeta 30 kwenda chini, weka mbolea za asili kiasi cha tani 10 hadi 15 kwa hekta. Kiasi hiki ni sawa na debe moja kwa eneo la mita mraba moja changanya mbolea na udongo vizuri.

Ikiwa eneo hilo lina upungufu wa madini aina ya fosiforasi kama itakavyothibitishwa na wataalam, weka mbolea ya chokaa aina ya TSP. Kiasi kinachotakiwa ni kilo 200 kwa hekta. Lainisha udongo siku tatu au tano kabla ya kupandikiza miche.

KUPANDIKIZA MICHE

Miche huwa tayari kwa kupandikizwa shambani baada ya wiki nne hadi 10. Wakati huu huwa na majani sita hadi manane na urefu wa sentimeta 10 hadi 15.

Pandikiza miche katika nafasi ya sentimeta 40 hadi 50 kutoka shimo hadi shimo na sentimeta 60 hadi 75 kati ya mstari na mstari. Ikiwa mbolea za asili hazikuwekwa wakati wa kutayarisha shamba, weka kiasi cha nusu kilo hadi moja katika kila shimo la kupandia.

Siku moja kabla ya kung’oa miche, mwagilia tuta ili kulainisha udongo. Ng’oa miche pamoja na udongo wake kisha pandikiza katika kina cha sentimita mbili zaidi kuliko ilivyokuwa kwenye kitalu. Pandikiza miche wakati wa asubuhi au jioni. Mara baada ya kupandikiza mwagilia maji ya kutosha.

KUTUNZA SHAMBA
  • Kuweka matandazo.
Tandaza nyasi kavu ili kuhifadhi unyevu ardhini, kuongeza rutuba ya udongo, kuzuia uotaji wa magugu, na mmmomonyoko wa ardhi.

  • Palizi.
Palilia shamba kila magugu yanapoota. Wakati wa kupalilia pandishia udongo kuzunguka shina ili kuifunika mizizi, na kuzuia mmea usiangushwe na upepo mkali.

  • Kumwagilia Maji.
Pilipili hoho hustawi vizuri iwapo zimepata maji ya kutosha. Hivyo umwagiliaji wa mara kwa mara hasa wakati wa kiangazi ni wa muhimu.

  • Kuweka Mbolea.
Zao hili huhitaji mbolea za kukuzia. Hizi ni kama mbolea ya S/A, CAN, Urea na mbolea ya mchanganyiko aina ya N.P.K Mbolea ya mchanganyiko (N.P.K) huwekwa wakati maua yanapoanza kutoka. Kiasi kinachowekwa ni gramu tisa hadi 10 (kijiko kimoja kikubwa) kwa kila mmea. Majuma manne baadaye weka CAN, S/A au Urea. Weka gramu sita (kijiko kidogo cha chai) kwa kila mche, kama utatumia CAN au S/A. ikiwa utatumia Urea, weka gramu tatu ( nusu kijiko cha chai) kwa kila mche).


Wadudu waharibifu na Magonjwa.
Wadudu.
  • Vidukari au wadudu Mafuta (Aphids).
Hivi ni vijidudu vidogo vyenye rangi nyeusi, kijani au kahawia. Hushambuliwa majani kwa kufyonza utomvu wake na kusababisha mmea kudumaa. Vidukari huzuiwa kwa kunyunyizia dawa kama vile Dimothoate au Selecron.

  • Mbawakau.
Ni wadudu wenye rangi nyeusi iliyochanganyika na kahawia. Mabawa yao kwa nje ni magumu. Hushambulia shina karibu na usawa wa ardhi na kulifanya liwe na nundu.

Zuia wadudu hawa kwa kutumia mojawapo ya dawa zifuatazo; Carbaryl, au Dimecron.

  • Fukusi wa Pilipili (Pepper Weevil)
Mdudu huyu ni hatari sana kwa zao hili na mashambulizi kufanywa na funza wake wenye rangi nyeupe. Funza hawa hula sehemu ya ndani ya vichomozo na matunda machanga nan kusababisha kuanguka. Angamiza wadudu hawa kwa kutumia moja ya dawa zifuatazo; Actellic, Sumithion au Carbaryl.

  • Vithiripi (Thrips)
Hivi ni vijidudu vidogo vyenye rangi ya njano. Hushambulia majani na husababisha mmea kuwa na rangi nyeupe yenye kung’aa. Mmea pia kunyauka kuanzia kwenye ncha ya jani. Vijidudu hivi pia kueneza magonjwa yatokanayo na virusi.

Zuia vijidudu hivi kwa kutumia dawa kama vile;- Cyrmethrin, Sumicidin au Dimercon.

  • Sota (Cutworms)
Hawa hukata miche michanga karibu na usawa wa ardhi. Ili kuwazuia wadudu hawa, tumia dawa kama vile Carbaryl, Sumicidin au Ekalux. Nyunyizia mara baada ya kupandikiza.
  • Nzi Weupe (White flies).
Ni vidudu vidogo vyenye rangi nyeupe, na huonekana kama vumbi la unga vikiwa kwenye majani. Mmea ukitikiswa huruka.
Hushambulia mmea kwa kufyoza utomvu wake, na hueneza ugonjwa wa virusi unaosababisha kujikunja kwa majani.
Inzi weupe wanaweza kuzuiwa kwa kutumia Sumicidin, Sapa Diazinon au Diclorvos.

  • Utiriri Mwekundu (Red Spidermites)
Hawa ni wadudu wadogo wenye rangi nyekundu au rangi ya machungwa yaliyoiva. Huonekana upande wa chini wa majani na hushambulia mmea kwa kufyonza utomvu wake.
Zuia utitiri kwa kutumia dawa kama vile Kelthane, Dimethoate na Diazinon.
Magonjwa

  • Magonjwa ya Virusi
Magonjwa haya hutokana na virusi. Husababisha majani kudumaa, kukunjamana, na kuwa na rangi ya njano. Ili kuzuia magonjwa haya, zingatia yafuatazo;-
- Panda aina ya pilipili zinazostahimili mashambulizi ya magonjwa haya.
- Ng’oa miche inayoonyesha dalili za magonjwa haya.
- Zuia wadudu wanaoeneza magonjwa ya virusi kwa kutumia dawa ya Kelthane 30 E, C, Dimethoate, Diazinon na Ekalux.
- Badilisha mazao. Baada ya kuvuna pilipili tamu, zao linalofuata lisiwe la jamii la zao hili kwa mfano nyanya na bilinganya.


  • Chule (Anthracnose)

Ugonjwa huu husababishwa na ukungu. Hushambulia matunda na kuyasababisha kuwa na makovu j ya mviringo yenye rangi nyeusi iliyochanganyika na kahawia. Zuia ugonjwa huu kwa kunyunyizia mojawapo ya dawa zifuatazo: Dithane - M 45, Topsini - M, Ridomol au Kocide,
  • Madoa Bakteria (Bacterial Leaf spot)
Ugonjwa huu husababishwa na viini vya vya bacteria. Hushambulia majani machanga j na baadaye matunda. Dalili j zake ni kuonekana kwa madoa ya njano kwenye majani na matunda.

Zuia ugonjwa huu hkwa kupanda mbegu zilizothibitishwa na wataalam.

  • Kuoza Mizizi (Root Rot)
Huu ni ugonjwa wa ukungu unaoshambulia mizizi na kusababisha kuoza. Mmea hunyauka na hatimaye hufa. Ugonjwa huu hupendelea sana hali ya unyevunyevu na joto jingi, hivyo zuia hali hii kwa kuepuka kupanda pilipili kwenye sehemu h inayotuamisha maji. Hali ikiwa mbaya, tumia dawa za ukungu kama vile Dithane M 45, Tpsin - M 70 au Ridomil.

  • Mnyauko Verticilium (Verticilim Wilt)
Huu pia ni ugonjwa unaoletwa na ukungu ambao hupatikana kwenye udongo. Hushambulia shina na kulisababisha libadilike rangi na kuwa ya kahawia. Baadaye mmea hunyauka na kufa. Unaweza kuzuia ugonjwa huu kwa kubadilisha mazao.

KUVUNA
 
Pilipili hoho huwa tayari kwa kuvunwa baada ya wiki 10 hadi 14 tangu kupandikiza miche. Uvunaji huendelea kwa muda wa wiki nane hadi 10. Muda wa kuvuna hutegemea aina na matumizi. Pilipili kwa ajili ya matumizi ya nyumbani huvunwa zingali na rangi yake ya kijani kibichi inayong’aa . zile za kisindika kiwandani huvunwa zikiwa zimekomaa na zenye rangi nyekundu. Matunda yakivunwa tangali machanga hunyauka kwa urahisi, kusinyaa na hupunguza wingi wa mazao. Wastani wa mavuno huwa kwa hekta ni tani 30 hadi 45.

Makala hii imenukuliwa kutoka kwenye tovuti ya DIRA YA MAFANIKIO. IMEADALIWA NA SAID MALOGO, MTAALAMU WAMASUALA YA KILIMO.
MAWASILIANO 0782 396 729

Taarifa ya maandamano ya amani Rombo kulaani udhalilishaji



Cristiano Ronaldo sells his image rights to Peter Lim


Portuguese and Real Madrid forward Cristiano Ronaldo announced on his website the he has sold his image rights to Valencia's owner, Peter Lim.

Lim, who is a close friend of Ronaldo's agent, Jorge Mendes, is a valuable link to Asian markets.

The deal is noteworthy, Marca adds, because image rights were a central part of negotiations when Ronaldo signed an extension with Real in 2013: "Image rights played a big role in Ronaldo's drawn-out contract negotiations with Real Madrid back in 2013. The eventual outcome was that the star regained control of over 50 percent of these rights, according to reports in the Portuguese media at the time."

Norfund's response to report "Irresponsible investment. Agrica’s broken development model in Tanzania"

OI_Report_Irresponsible_Investment.pdf

Cross-posted from MikaelBergius blog regarding the report above.

The Norwegian Investment Fund for Developing Countries (Norfund) has released a response to the report – “Irresponsible investment. Agrica’s broken development model in Tanzania” – released by The Oakland Institute on June 17th. The response can be found here (in Norwegian only). I have translated it below:

NORFUND RESPONSE TO OI REPORT

General Information:

Agrica is a 5000ha rice farm in the Kilombero Valley in Tanzania. The farm aims to produce more than 40,000 tons of rice per year. This significantly increases rice supply in Tanzania – a country currently unable to produce enough food to feed its own population.

Norfund has been one of the investors in Agrica since September 2010. The investment is part of Norfund’s strategy for developing sustainable agriculture in the LDCs in East Africa. Both shareholders and Agrica’s management aims to create value and improve living conditions for the population in the region, in addition to creating value for investors.

Establishing new agricultural projects in developing countries are always demanding. Agrica has, like all other businesses in this sector, faced challenges along the way. Norfund has, however, throughout the investment period followed Agrica’s work closely, and been impressed by the management’s knowledge and ability to follow international standards (IFC) in all environmental and social issues. This includes the necessary resettlement and measures to increase small farmers rice production through improved seeds and extension; ‘System of Rice Intensification program’ (SRI). The SRI program has so far reached 7,000 families and Agrica has bought some of the rice from farmers at market rates. By doubling or tripling production per hectare, the SRI program increases annual income and help reduce poverty in the area.

With its large production, Agrica contributes significantly to a more secure supply of rice in Tanzania. This project is an important investment for Norfund and contributes significantly to the country’s rice production and import substitution.

The allegations in the report:

The report from The Oakland Institute – “Irresponsible investment. Agrica’s broken development model in Tanzania” -was published on Wednesday, June 17th. The report critiques the use of aid funds in large-scale commercial farming, and accuses the project directly for:

1. Damaging / deteriorating living conditions for poor small farmers in the surrounding communities, mainly due to the required relocation of people to new homes and land areas and low compensation.

2. Forcing small-farmers to take up more debt than they can handle. It argued that “the outgrower scheme” has resulted in poor farmers struggling with debt repayment and are forced to sell their assets.

3. Polluting rivers, soils and wetland areas in the region resulting from the use of fertilizers and chemicals, and for threatening surrounding wetlands due to Agrica’s plans to expand the area under irrigation.

There is no cover for the title of the report or the above allegations. The report is based largely on interviews with 40 anonymous people (of more than 35,000 inhabitants) in the community.

A number of negative statements are presented. It is not possible to verify the accuracy of these allegations or follow up on complaints. No persons with scientific expertise have been responsible for the report. To Norfund’s knowledge, only students and Oakland Institute’s own staff have been involved.

The allegations are in stark contrast to Agrica’s thorough documentation of the relocation process. In a letter to The Oakland Institute, Agrica CEO, Carter Coleman, documents how IFC standards have been adhered to at all levels throughout the project. He explains how the resettlement process was structured so as to let the local community and affected individuals themselves decide where to move. The company also has an independent grievance committee where dissatisfied people can have their case reviewed. The concerns referred to in the report have not been raised there.

About SRI and the loan program: it is important to know that participation in the program has been voluntary and that Agrica has provided significant resources to establish this extension service which aims to assist smallholders in raising productivity and profits. Great amounts of illegal rice imports to Tanzania, however, have resulted in falling prices in the country. All rice farmers in Tanzania, including Agrica, have thus received lower earnings than expected during this period.

It is true that there were reports of a single case of contamination with chemicals in 2010. It was managed and addressed immediately and there have been no further complaints since then. Agrica can document that they are following IFC and FAO guidelines and have a clear strategy to control the use of chemicals. The plans to expand the area under irrigation have been thoroughly investigated by two different teams of experts, and the conclusions are that the planned expansion is in line with Tanzanian and international standards.

As we see it, small-scale farming is important, but Africa also needs a commercially efficient agricultural sector to achieve economic growth and get cheaper food. Large-scale farming can be sustainable if it is done the right way and use fertilizers and pesticides in a proper manner. It provides export earnings and / or reduced import costs, employment opportunities, and often market access for small farmers.

End of response

Bagamoyo: Msiba waisha baad ya "maiti" kupumua wakati akioshwa


Huko mjini Bagamoyo katika eneo lijukanalo kwa jina la Majani Mapana, mwanamama mmoja jana aliyetambulika kwa jina moja la Bi. Hatujuani aliyethibitishwa kuwa umauti umekuta, alipumua wakati wakimkosha na kwa matayarisho ya kuvikwa sanda.

Bi. Hatujuani aliugua kwa muda na kukimbizwa hosptilai ya wilaya Bagamoyo na baadaye kudhaniwa kuwa ama amepatwa na umauti wa muda mfupi au kupoteza fahamu lakini hospitalini hapo walithibitisha kuwa keshakufa. Mkasa huo ulitokea tarehe 28 Juni 2015 na wanandugu walishachukua maiti na matayarisho ya maziko yakiwa mbioni, turubai lilishafungwa,s anda tayari hadi Juni 29, 2015 wakimkosha maiti Bi. Hatu mwenye umri wa miaka 30, waliokuwa wakimkosha walishtuka maiti kuwa ana joto kali, anatoka jasho na anakunja na kukunjua mikono na miguu, lakini kusema wala kusimama hawezi!

Baada ya wanandugu kutangazia umma kuwa msiba hakuna tena bali tuna mgonjwa mahututi,
waliofika msibani na umati wa watu waligoma kuondoka mazikoni hadi kieleweke nini kilichozua mtihani huu tena katika mwezi huu mtukufu wa Ramadhani.




  • Taarifa kutoka kwa Msema Kweli

Facebook opens first African office in Johannesburg



JOHANNESBURG, South-Africa, June 29, 2015/ -- 29 June 2015 – Facebook (NASDAQ:FB) (www.facebook.com) has opened its first office in Africa to further the company’s commitment to help businesses connect with people and grow locally and regionally. Based in Melrose Arch, Johannesburg, Facebook's newest business office will be headed by Ogilvy veteran, Nunu Ntshingila, the company's new Head of Africa.

Facebook is already an important part of how people and business connect in Africa. This office will support the significant growth in businesses and people using Facebook -- Facebook’s active user population in Africa has grown 20% to 120 million in June 2015 from 100 million in September 2014. More than 80% of these people access Facebook from their mobile phones.

“We are inspired by the incredible ways people and businesses in Africa use Facebook to connect. This momentum in Africa comes on top of strong advertiser partnerships and excellent adoption of our products across all regions. In Q1 2015, 52% of our total ad revenue came from outside the US and Canada. But we’re just getting started,” says Nicola Mendelsohn, VP, EMEA, Facebook.

“Mobile is not a trend; it’s the fastest development in communications we’ve ever seen. This couldn’t be more true in Africa – where so many people are mobile-only. This new office is a significant milestone for Facebook and our teams want to partner with businesses across the continent,” Mendelsohn adds.

“Africa is important to Facebook, and this office is a key part of our strategy to expand our investment and presence across EMEA. Facebook is already a central part of people’s lives in Africa, and with more than a billion people in Africa, we want to do more to help people and businesses connect.”

Helping businesses of all sizes to grow


“Our new African office will support our customers across the continent. We know that a one-size-fits-all approach won't work when it comes to building products and solutions that address diverse needs on the continent, which is why we are committed to creating solutions tailored to people, businesses and specifically for African markets,” says Ari Kesisoglu, Regional Director, MEA at Facebook.

Kesisoglu continued, “Our priority for the next few months is to continue the work we are already doing with some clients in this region. We will work more closely with businesses and agencies to understand the challenges, so that we can build solutions that help grow their business. People increasingly want to be connected to the world around them and desire information about new services and products to better their lives. At the same time, businesses need stronger, more flexible and less fragmented ways of reaching people in Sub Saharan Africa. Our mission will be to connect brands and consumers in Africa, creating value for all parties in the process.”

Adds Mendelsohn: “We are delighted we have a strong leadership team in place on the continent led by Nunu Ntshingila, our new Head of Africa. Nunu will join our team in September of this year and work with businesses and agencies across the region.” Nunu helped drive the creation of Ogilvy’s network in Sub Saharan Africa, which spans some 27 countries. A graduate of the University of Swaziland and Morgan State University in the US, Ntshingila has also held senior positions at Nike and the South African Tourism board.

Growth markets

Facebook will initially focus on growing its business in anchor countries in the major regions of Sub Saharan Africa: Kenya (East Africa), Nigeria (West Africa), and South Africa (Southern Africa). Other supported territories include Senegal, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Tanzania, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia, Mozambique and Ethiopia.

Facebook will partner with governments, telecom operators, agencies and other stakeholders to deliver localised solutions to advertisers and users continent-wide. It will continue to focus on tailoring solutions, metrics and ad formats to the needs of customers and advertisers in the mobile-first, mobile-only African environment.

FOR MORE INFORMATION:

Janina Boezaart
Idea Engineers (on behalf of Facebook)
Tel: +27 72 281 2441
Email: [email protected]

Taarifa ya Kova ya kukamatwa watuhumiwa 3 wa mauaji ya Mmiliki wa Shule

Jeshi la Polisi Kanda Maalum ya Dar es Salaam linawashikilia watu watatu kwa tuhuma za mauaji ya mmiliki wa shule ya Mtakatifu Zion iliyopo maeneo ya Ununio, Mbezi Beach wilaya ya kipolisi Kawe mkoa wa kipolisi wa Kinondoni aliyejulikana kwa jina la ANNA D/O MIZINGI, Miaka 48, Mfanyabiashara, Mkazi wa Boko.

Mnamo tarehe 02/02/2015 majira ya saa za mchana mtoa taarifa alifika kituo cha Polisi na kueleza kwamba marehemu ANNA D/O MIZINGI aliondoka tangu tarehe 26/12/2014 majira ya saa 1:00hrs akiwa na mmoja wa watuhumiwa wakitumia gari dogo aina ya Toyota Verosa ambayo namba zake hazikufahamika mara moja iliyokuwa inamilikiwa na marehemu na tangu wakati huo hakuwa ameonekana tena.

Kutokana na taarifa hizo Jeshi la Polisi lilifungua jalada la uchunguzi na kuanza uchunguzi mara moja. Wakati uchunguzi ukiendelea zilipatikana taarifa zilizosaidia kukamatwa kwa watuhumiwa hao huko Uchira Miwaleni, Moshi, Mkoani Kilimanjaro.

Watuhumiwa walipokamatwa na kuhojiwa mtuhumiwa mmoja kati ya hao watatu amekiri na kutoa maelezo kuwa siku ya tukio aliondoka na marehemu kuelekea katika shule ya Mt. Zion. Kwamba walipofika shuleni hapo walivamiwa na watu wapatao wanne na kuanza kupigwa lakini yeye alifanikiwa kutoroka na kujificha katika uzio wa shule hiyo. Amesema akiwa katika uzio huo aliwaona watu hao wakiendelea kumpiga marehemu ANNA D/O MIZINGI na kisha kumtupa katika shimo la choo. Baada ya kitendo hicho watu waliotenda uhalifu huo waliondoka na gari la marehemu na kutokomea kusikojulikana.

Tarehe 22/06/2015 mabaki ya mwili wa marehemu ANNA D/O MIZINGI yalipatikana eneo la Ununio baada ya Jeshi la Polisi kwa kushirikiana na Jeshi la Zima moto kubomoa shimo la choo cha shule hiyo.

Watuhumiwa waliokamatwa ni hawa wafuatao:
  1. DANIEL S/O RANADHANI MKILINDI @ ABDALLA @ DULLA, Miaka 25, Mganga wa kienyeji, Mkazi wa Uchira Moshi – Kilimanjaro.
  2. SAID S/O RASHID OMARY @ SAID NTIMIZI au DUVII, Miaka 34, Mfanyabiashara, Mkazi wa Mbweni JKT.
  3. ERICK S/O MZIRAY, Miaka 40, Mfanyabiashara, Mkazi wa Kurasini.

Watuhumiwa hawa wanaendelea kuhojiwa ili kupata undani wa tukio hili ikiwa ni pamoja na kuwatafuta na kuwakamata watuhumiwa wengine wanaohusiana na tukio hili.
Mara baada ya uchunguzi kukamilika jalada la shauri hili litapelekwa kwa mwanasheria wa serikali kwa hatua zake za kisheria.

S. H. KOVA
KAMISHNA WA POLISI KANDA MAALUM
DAR ES SALAAM

Pope Francis trip to Africa 2015: Will visit Kenya, Uganda, CAR

Pope Francis


By ANDREW TEYIE, via The NATION

It is now official: Pope Francis will visit Kenya in November.

State House on Saturday confirmed the Vatican had officially reached out to the Kenya government and agreed on a papal visit at the end of the year. However, the two governments were working on the specific dates.
“The Vatican has formally contacted the government about a visit to Kenya in November. The government has responded in the affirmative. We look forward to this historic visit by the Holy Father,” 
said President Uhuru Kenyatta’s spokesman Manoah Esipisu.

The visit will follow that of Italy’s Prime Minister Matteo Renzi in mid-next month, and President Barack Obama’s in July.
“The visit by the Pope also shows the focus by the global community on Kenya as the gateway to Africa. Later in the year, we will also host the World Trade Organisation ministerial meetings here, and believe we have a strong chance to hold the first Ticad summit outside of Japan in Nairobi in the first quarter of next year,” 
said Mr Esipisu.

Last week, the Pope had hinted that he may visit Kenya this year during his maiden tour of Africa. He will also visit Uganda and the war-ravaged Central African Republic.

The Pope’s visit involves high-level security arrangements and other logistics due to large crowds that gather to see him and the potential threat to his life.

The official vehicle of the Head of the Catholic Church, known as the Popemobile, has for decades been covered in bullet-proof glass during his tours, but Pope Francis has not been keen to hide behind that shield in order to get close to his flock.

In April, Pope Francis mentioned Kenya during his Easter prayers after Al-Shabaab terrorists killed 148 people, almost all of them students, in an attack at Garissa University College.
“May constant prayer rise up from all people of goodwill for those who lost their lives – I think in particular of the young people who were killed last Thursday (April 2) at Garissa University College in Kenya – for all who have been kidnapped, and for those forced to abandon their homes and their dear ones,” 
said the 78-year-old.

Tizama video ya kipindi kizima cha "Nyumbani Na Diaspora"


[video] Ndivyo wapiga kura Rombo wanaokwenda kwenye BVR?


Taarifa ya Habari Channel TEN Juni 28, 2015


A humble Tanzanian recognized by Her Majesty The Queen of England


By Adam Mzee, London — Meet Angela Benedicto Mnagoza, a girl from a humble background in Tanzania, a former child domestic worker, who has achieved so much to warrant an Award from Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in London. 

Last year a search was launched to find exceptional young people to receive the first ever Queen’s Young Leaders Awards. Hundreds of applications flooded in from incredible young people all dedicated to making lasting change in their community and beyond.

The award, started by the Queen Elizabeth Golden Jubilee Trust, recognises the contributions of 18-29 year olds from 35 Commonwealth countries. As part of their prize, winners were able able to meet the Queen and Prime Minister David Cameron and take part in a 2 day leadership course in Cambridge.

They were also givena mentor for a year and able to take a distance learning course to help them to develop their leadership skills.

The award, which is also in partnership with Comic Relief and the Royal Common Wealth Society, had thousands of applications this year and will run for a period of 4 years.

“This programme will celebrate the achievements of these extraordinary individuals and help develop their skills, thus creating a lasting legacy – benefiting the whole of the Commonwealth – to honour the long and successful reign of HM Queen Elizabeth II.”

In the case of Angela Benedicto Mnagoza, thanks for the support from Anti-Slavery and the local NGO Kivuliniin Tanzania.



Applications to become a 2016 Queen’s Young Leader will open on 22nd June.

HE QUEEN’S YOUNG LEADERS GRANTS SCHEME


Grants will be available to eligible organisations in selected countries across the Commonwealth that are working with young people to transform their lives. Projects will be supported that are led by or focused on young people and provide opportunities for them to learn new skills, secure employment, create enterprises or have a say in decisions affecting their future. Each project will place young people at the heart of their communities, working with them to help solve the issues that affect their lives.

The Grants will be available to organisations working with young people in UK, Zambia, Sierra Leone, Bangladesh, Jamaica and Solomon Islands.

WHO IS ELIGIBLE?

You are eligible if your organisation:
  1. Is registered in one of the six eligible countries, or is registered in a Commonwealth country and will work through a named partner who is registered in one of the six eligible countries
  2. Has independently audited accounts within the last two years
  3. Has managed grants of equal size before
  4. Is not a Company limited by shares or a Public Limited Company
  5. Has governance structures that involve, or are made up of, young people and beneficiaries of youth-focused projects
  6. Has demonstrable experience of working with young people
  7. Can demonstrate where young people have played a clear role in the planning of projects and activities
  8. Has a child protection policy.