EAC-EU trade deal signing called off

In a sudden twist, comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) between the East African Community (EAC) and the European Union (EU) will not be signed today as earlier planned.

Officials who spoke to The New Times over the weekend were non-committal on divulging details pertaining to the sudden change of heart that comes after Tanzania recently decided to halt signing, citing the “turmoil” that the EU is experiencing following Britain’s exit.

The agreement was due to be signed at a meeting in Nairobi, Kenya today.

The East African Business Council (EABC) has been advising partner states to sign the deal earlier than previously agreed as further delay, it argued, would hamper EAC exports to the EU.
“The signing has been called off so whatever issues are contentious should be brought to the table for renegotiation,” EABC chief executive Lilian Awinja said.
Emmanuel Hategeka, the permanent secretary at the Ministry of Trade and Industry, confirmed that both parties agreed to call off the signing.

The five partner states previously proposed that the signing ceremony be held in the first week of August.

Last month, however, the EABC recommended July 18 (today), as the date of signing to coincide with the visit of the EU Commissioner for Trade, who is expected in Nairobi for the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Hategeka said: 
“Signing on July 18 on the margins of UNCTAD 14, has been called off by agreement between both parties. In my view, this will allow more time for consultations.”
The EABC expectations were that all EAC partner states’ ministers for trade would attend the conference and, therefore, sign the agreement on the same date to project the region as a functional Customs Union.

It was thought that the recommended July 18 signing would give partner states ample time to ratify the agreement before October 1, the deadline earlier set by the EU.

Failure to meet the EU deadline on ratification, it was noted, could see EAC exports to EU attract import duty, especially for Kenya, the region’s largest economy.

Whereas Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda and Tanzania have an option to rely on the Everything But Arms (EBA) trade arrangement where they have duty-free market access to the EU, Kenya faces a tough choice as the clock ticks toward the deadline for the ratification.

The case is that Kenya,, heavily relies on the EU– which represents 30 per cent of its export market – for selling its cut flowers, tea, vegetables and fish, among others.

Tanzania’s foreign affairs permanent secretary Aziz Mlima last week said: “Our experts have established that the way it has been crafted, the EPA will not benefit lead industries in East Africa, but instead lead to their destruction as developed countries are likely to dominate the market.”

Abubakar Zein Abubakar, a Kenyan representative in the East African Legislative Assembly (EALA), also told The New Times that it is imperative for the Community to listen carefully to the issues Tanzania is raising, and jointly look at “the implications of Brexit” as the region “cannot afford not to act together.”

Was EAC under pressure?

When regional civil society organisations gathered in Uganda last month, they assessed the details of the proposed agreement and noted that the bloc concluded the EPA negotiations after 12 years with the EU “not because it was contented with the provisions of the agreement” but, rather, in order to meet the deadline so that Kenya would not be removed from the list of beneficiaries of the Duty Free Quota Free Market Access to the EU.

The civil society groups stressed that the overall objectives of the EPAs – which include ensuring sustainable development of regional countries and eradicating poverty – were not adequately addressed.

Before the signing was called off, on Friday, John Bosco Kanyangoga, a consultant to the Rwandan government EPA team, said, right from the beginning of the process to the finalisation of the negotiations, some civil society organisations were against it.
“So, because of their defined stand, they tend to over blow the challenges and to put some issues out of context,” Kanyangoga said.
After the deadline as per the regulation, he noted, Kenya would face duty-free and quota restrictions on the EU market and the only solution would be to have a signed and ratified EPA in place for Kenya to continue enjoying Duty-Free Quota-Free Access to the EU market.

He also agrees there could be some kind of pressure for EAC countries to sign.

Kanyangoga added: “Some kind of diplomatic pressure, yes. However, around the period of finalising the negotiations, most of the concerns were dealt with in the agreement and that is actually why we have the rendezvous clause stating that some issues will be negotiated at a later stage.”

If the five partner states do not sign “together as EAC,” he said, it would be “an unfortunate signal that questions the strength of our Customs Union.”
“It could weaken and undermine the Customs Union because we would not have a Common External Tariff as far as our trade as EAC with EU is concerned,” Kanyangoga said.
“It would bring confusion and, I think, we would need to discuss how best we would handle it. For example, how would Tanzania deal with EU goods that come to Kenya duty-free and eventually cross the border to Tanzania?”
On January 1, 2017, Kenya is expected to be removed from the EU’s generalised scheme of preferences trade regime for live plants and floriculture products, thus attracting even more duties under the ‘most-favoured nation’ rates.

Kenyan exporters would be subjected to import duties of between 5 per cent and 8.5 per cent, says EABC.

According to Awinja, UK’s exit from EU should not be a reason for Tanzania to back out as signing with the remaining 27 EU countries presents EAC with immense opportunities for export development.

The EABC chief executive earlier said that, by October 1, if Tanzania will not have finalised ratification of EPA, it will, among others, lose Duty-Free Quota-Free Access to EU market, leaving it with the ‘everything but arms’ option. which is not better as it has more stringent rules of origin requirements.

[email protected]

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Kurasa za mbele na nyuma za magazeti ya Tanzania leo Julai 18, 2016

Hamtaki demokrasia mliyoichagua! Mnataka nini basi?


Hivi karibuni tumeshuhudia kupitia vyombo vya habari kuwa baadhi ya wanajeshi nchini Uturuki, walikuwa kwenye harakati za kuipindua serikali ya nchi ya Uturuki kiasi cha kusababisha vifo vya watu wasiopungua 265 wakiwemo wanajeshi na raiya pamoja na polisi 17.

Baadhi ya wanajeshi wakaenda kwenye vituo vya runinga (TV stations) na kuwalazimisha watangazaji kutangaza kuwa jeshi limepindua serikali.

Wanajeshi hao wachache walisahau kuwa mwaka 2014 Mwezi wa nane, kulifanyika uchaguzi wa Rais na aliyekuwa waziri mkuu Tayyip Erdogan alichaguliwa kwa asilimi 51.79% za kura zote zilizopigwa akifuatiwa na Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu aliyepata kura asilimia 38.44% na Selahattin Demirtas aliyepata kura asilimia 9.76%

Mfumo huu wa kuchagua rais na wawakilishi wa wananchi kwa kifupi Demokrasia ndiyo mfumo unakubalika na nchi zote za Ulaya ukiachia nchi nyingine kama za Afrika na bara la Asia.

Huu ni mfumo uliojengewa hoja na vyombo vya fedha duniani pamoja na mataifa makubwa ya nchi za Magharibi kama moja ya masharti ya nchi kukubalika kupata mikopo toka kwenye vyombo hivyo na misaada kutoka nchi za Magharibi.

Nchi nyingi zimekubali kubadilisha siasa zao na kufuata masharti ya Umoja wa Mataifa, ili waende sambamba na masharti ili wakubalike kimataifa, nchi mojawa iliyoingia kwenye mfumo huu ni nchi ya Uturuki.

Baada ya ushindi huo chama ambacho kilionekana kuwa kina msimamo wa Kiislamu akikutarajiwa kushinda ni iki chama cha Justice and Development Party (AK Party au AKP) ambacho kinaongozwa na Rais wa sasa Tayyip Erdogan.

Kumekuwa na minongono mingi kwenye medani za kimataifa kuwa chama iki kinaonyesha misimamo haswa kwenye swala zima la kuegemea kwenye Uislamu.

Chama iki kupitia Rais wake kimeonyesha kupigania umagharibi na wapo mstari wa mbele kuwa na urafiki wa karibu na serikali ya Marekani na wanajitaidi waingie kwenye umoja wa nchi za Ulaya (EU) lakini wakati huo huo wameonyesha kwa uwazi kabisa kupinga vita vinavyoendelea hivi sasa nchi Syria na ndio nchi pekee ambayo inapokea wakimbizi bila masharti na inawasaidia wakimbizi wa Syria na kuwaunga mkono Wananchi wa Palestina katika harakati zao za Kintifada.

Wadukuzi wa siasa za kimataifa wanasema kuwa chama iki kina ajenda ya siri ya kurudisha himaya au dola ya Uthmaniyya (Ottoman Empire) yaani Khilafa iliyopotea.

Kama vyama vingine chama iki cha AK kimepitia vikwazo kadhaa wa kadhaa na haswa pale kilipopata kashfa kwa baadhi ya viongozi wake kujihusisha na Rushwa, kiasi cha kupelekea kuwaondoa baadhi ya viongozi madarakani, na baadae kupunguza nguvu ya mitandao ya kijamii kama vile upatikanaji wa Twitter na YouTube, hii ilitokea mwaka 2014. Vilevile serikali ya hiki chama kimepiga marufuku utoaji mimba na matumizi ya unywaji wa pombe adharani.

Licha ya tuhuma mbalimbali kuhusiana na chama hiki na kukiona kuwa kina mwelekeo wa Kiislamu zaidi, bado kiliweza kupata ushindi wa asilimia karibia 52% na kukiwezesha kuongoza nchi.

Si kila mtu alifurahia hali hii wakiwemo baadhi ya wanajeshi ambao kwa kiasi fulani inaonekana kama walipata ushawishi kutoka kwenye nchi zingine za Kimagharibi na ndio maana walipojitangazia kuwa wamepindua nchi, nchi za Magharibi takribani zote ikiwemo nchi ya Amerika walikaa kimya wakisikilizia mwisho wake.

Uko mitaani nako hali ilikuwa shwari, hali ilibadirika pale Rais Tayyip Erdogan alipotangaza kupitia Runinga akisema kuwa kitendo hicho kilikuwa ni kinyume cha sheria na katiba. Na akwataka wananchi watetee demokrasia walio ipigia kura na akaahidi kuwaadhibu wale wote waliohusika na uhaini huo.

Na misikiti nayo ikaleta adhana na kuwaambia watu watetee serikali na wasikubali mapinduzi yale ya kijeshi yafanikiwe.

Ndipo raiya wa Uturuki walipoitikia mwito wa Rais wao na adhana za misikitini wakajitokeza kwa mamia elfu na kuingia mitaani, uku wakipiga takbira, Allahu Akbar... Allahu Akbar... Allahu Akbar... La ilaha illallah, Mohamadar Rasul Allah... na wakasimama mbele ya magari ya kijeshi vikiwemo vifaru na magari mengine ya deraya. Hali hii ikapelekea kuzuia waasi wasiende mbele zaidi.

Naam wananchi kweli waliitikia mwito na wale wote waliokuwa wanategemea mapinduzi yale ya kijeshi wameanguka na kushindwa.

Serikali imerejesha madaraka yake, wanajeshi waliohusika wameshikwa na nchi imerejea katika utulivu na amani.

Kagera coffee farmers wonder if Magufuli's promise will materialize

Farmers in Karagwe and Kyerwa districts of Kagera region are skeptical whether President John Magufuli’s promise to raise coffee price will materialize or not after co-operative societies and private coffee buyers announcing the purchasing price for 2016/20017 season which is very low compared to that one offered in a neighboring country of Uganda.

Speaking in their farming areas last Saturday where the season of harvesting and drying coffee is at the highly taking place the farmers are querying on cooperative unions and private companies offering lower price comparing to the one smuggles from neighboring country are offering.

Mr Valentine Magezi, a coffee grower in Kyerwa District is worrisome about formation and presence of cooperative unions and why did they change from what they used to be in the past. 
“You see, farmers used to access subsidy and arrears payment from our cooperative societies in the past, but nowadays, all we get is lowest prices, they (cooperative societies) making sure to lower famers income comparing to private buyers”
Mr Magaezi said that Karagwe Co-operative Union (KDCU) has announced a purchasing price of 1,200 Tshs per Kilogram of dried coffee while private companies buys at 1,300 per kilo. He further criticized his decision to keep on growing coffee as a source of earning cash compared to food crops.
“It is better to turn to growing vegetables and fruits which can be sold regularly and earn money that coffee which comes once a year after inputting much energy in growing it then disturbs government’s mind while politicians uses it as a stepping stone when it comes to electoral campaigns”. Said Mr. Magezi
KDCU’s acting General manager Mr Victor Robert said that it is not true that the union will buy coffee at the said price and that the price is yet to be revealed.
“1,200 per Kg is a price that was announced during the union’s general meeting that took place in February 2016. The real price is not yet determined and it will depend on the world market” said the acting director
He further said that KDCU will open buying season any time from now though it is not yet sure of what will be buying price. On president’s promise to raise farmer’s income and offering competitive price against that of Neighboring country, the acting director said it will depend on the world market’s price.

President John Magurufi promised coffee growers in Karagwe District and Kagera region at large that their will earn good more money if they voted for him to power during last year’s campaign rallies. He assured coffee growers that none of them will wish to smuggle coffee to Uganda for his government will make sure to offer competitive price.

Last month police force in Karagwe district warned coffee growers of smugglers who according to the police are covertly hunting coffee for smuggling in different villages of the district which raised skepticism for president’s promise to offer competitive price against one offered in Uganda.

Ends.

By Kamala Lutatinisibwa

No public or private service before 9 A.M in Kagera on end of month Saturdays

Residents in Kagera region are reminded to perform cleanliness in their working areas every Thursday of the week by applying basic necessary means so as to keep their region hygienic.

Addressing reporters in Bukoba Municipality last Wednesday Kagera regional information officer Mr. Sylvester Raphael said that all residents of Kagera region through their respective district councils are to adhere to the order and that no office, business or working places will be running unless the set time for cleaning elapses.

“Cleaning exercise will involve all residents and therefore no any public or private offices will be offering service before 9:00 A.M,” Said Mr. Raphael adding that no private business, Non Governmental organization, traders of all kinds will be allowed to run their activities during the time set for cleaning their surroundings.

He further alerted the region’s occupiers not to forget that every Saturday of the end of the month is a special day for conducting intensive environmental cleanliness in abiding with the order from President John Magufuri’s to keep Tanzania clean.

Ends.

By Kamala Lutatinisibwa

Taarifa ya Ikulu: Uteuzi wa M/Kiti wa Bodi TCAA na kupandishwa vyeo Makamishna wa Polisi

Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Dkt. John Pombe Magufuli amemteua Prof. Longinus Kyaruzi Rutasitara kuwa Makamu Mwenyekiti wa Bodi ya Mamlaka ya Usafiri wa Anga (TCAA).

Prof. Longinus Kyaruzi Rutasitara anachukuwa nafasi iliyoachwa wazi na Dkt. Nyamajeje Calleb Weggoro ambaye muda wake umemalizika.

Uteuzi huu umeanza tarehe 16 Julai, 2016.

Kwa mujibu wa sheria ya Mamlaka ya usafiri wa anga ya mwaka 1977 Mwenyekiti na Makamu Mwenyekiti wa Bodi ya Mamlaka hiyo huteuliwa na Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania ambapo Mwenyekiti akitoka Tanzania Bara, Makamu Mwenyekiti hutoka Tanzania Zanzibar na kinyume chake.

Wakati huo huo, Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Dkt. John Pombe Magufuli amempandisha cheo Kamishna Msaidizi wa Polisi (ACP) Kedmon Andrew Mnubi kuwa Kamishna Msaidizi Mwandamizi wa Polisi (SACP).

SACP Kedmon Andrew Mnubi pamoja na makamishna wengine 59 ambao Rais Magufuli amewapandisha vyeo kuanzia tarehe 16 Julai, 2016 watakula kiapo cha uadilifu kwa viongozi wa umma kesho jumatatu tarehe 18 Julai, 2016 Ikulu Jijini Dar es salaam saa tatu asubuhi.

Rais Magufuli atakuwepo wakati Makamishna wote 60 wakila kiapo cha uadilifu kwa viongozi wa umma, zoezi ambalo litaendeshwa na Kamishna wa Maadili Jaji Mstaafu Salome Kaganda.
Wote wakaohudhuria tukio hili wanatakiwa kufika Ikulu kabla ya saa mbili na nusu asubuhi na wataingia kupitia lango kuu la mashariki (lango la baharini).

Gerson Msigwa
Kaimu Mkurugenzi wa Mawasiliano, IKULU
Dar es salaam
17 Julai, 2016

Tunaoamka/Tliochelewa/Ambao hatukuwa tumeona kurasa za magazeti la Jumapili ya leo, Julai 17, 2017

Call to apply for appointment to fill the positions of BASATA Chairperson and Members of Board of Directors

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

MINISTRY OF INFORMATION, CULTURE, ARTS AND SPORTS 


APPOINTMENT OF THE CHAIRPERSON AND MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF‘BARAZA LA SANAA LA TAIFA’
(BASATA)


BASATA is established by Act No. 23 of 1984. BASATA coordinates all programmes and operations related to the four sections of arts (Music, Performing Arts, creative arts and Film). It now wishes to invite suitably qualified Tanzanians to apply for appointment to fill the positions of Chairperson and Members of Board of Directors. The Board plays a key advisory role and it is the supreme administrative organ of the Organisation.

QUALIFICATIONS:
  1. The following are the minimum qualifications for appointment to the Board:
  2. Should be a graduate (at least first degree or equivalent) from a recognized university in one of the following fields of Study: Arts, Accountancy (CPA), Economics, Law or Human Resource Management.
  3. Have at least 5 years working experience in at least one of the said fields above. 
  4. Should satisfy the Nomination Committee that he/she is unlikely to have a conflict of interest with the roles of the Board;
  5. Be willing to serve as Chairperson or member to the Board.

APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS:

All applications including detailed Curriculum Vitae, photocopies of relevant genuine certificates and names and addresses of three easily contactable referees (including current or last employer) should be sent by post, courier, E-mail or delivered by hand so as to reach the Chairman of the Nomination Committee by 15:30Hrs, Monday 01 August, 2016.

The Chairman of BASATA Nomination Committee,
Ministry of Information, Culture, Arts and Sports,
Golden Jubilee Towers: 8th Floor,
Ohio Street,
P.O. BOX 8031,
DAR ES SALAAM
Email: [email protected]

Please Note:

On the envelop/Email mark the position of application and your area of specialization.
REMEMBER; Apply by 01/08/2016.

This advert is also available on: www.habari.go.tz
Contact Help Desk, Mobile: 0719-349825 or 0719-355770.

Callto apply for appointment to fill the positions of the TSN Chairperson and Members of the Board of Directors

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

MINISTRY OF INFORMATION, CULTURE, ARTS AND SPORTS 


APPOINTMENT OF THE CHAIRPERSON AND MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF TANZANIA STANDARD (NEWSPAPERS) LIMITED (TSN)


Pursuant to Articles 75 and 76 of the company’s MEMARTS, TSN wishes to invite suitably qualified Tanzanians to apply for appointment to fill the positions of the Chairperson and Members of the Board of Directors. The Board plays a key advisory role and it is the supreme administrative organ of the Organisation.

QUALIFICATIONS:

The following are the minimum qualifications for appointment to the TSN Board:
  1. Should be a graduate (at least first degree or equivalent) from a recognized University in one of the following fields of study: Media, Accounts (CPA), Economics, Law or Human Resource Management.
  2. Have at least 5 years working experience in at least one of the said fields above. 
  3. Should satisfy the Nomination Committee that he/she is unlikely to have a conflict of interest with the roles of the Board;
  4. Be willing to serve as Chairperson or member to the Board.

APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS:

All applications including detailed Curriculum Vitae, photocopies of relevant genuine certificates and names and addresses of three easily contactable referees (including current or last employer) should be sent by post, courier, E-mail or delivered by hand so as to reach the Chairman of the Nomination Committee by 15:30Hrs, Monday 01 August, 2016.

The Chairman of TSN Nomination Committee,
Ministry of Information, Culture, Arts and Sports,
Golden Jubilee Towers: 8th Floor,
Ohio Street,
P.O. BOX 8031,
DAR ES SALAAM
Email: [email protected]

Please Note:
On the envelop/Email mark the position of application and your area of specialization.
REMEMBER; Apply by 01/08/2016.
This advert is also available on: www.habari.go.tz
Contact Help Desk, Mobile: 0719-349825 or 0719-355770.

Call for appointment to fill the positions of the Chairperson and Members of the TaSUBA Board of Directors

HE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

MINISTRY OF INFORMATION, CULTURE, ARTS AND SPORTS 

APPOINTMENT OF THE CHAIRPERSON AND MEMBERS OF BOARD FOR‘TAASISI YA SANAA NA UTAMADUNI BAGAMOYO’ (TaSUBA)


TaSUBA has been established by The Executive Agency Act No. 30 of the year 1997. In the year 2012, TaSUBA has been pronounced a Centre of Excellence in East Africa Region in the category of training Institutions. It now wishes to invite suitably qualified Tanzanians to apply for appointment to fill the positions of the Chairperson and Members of the TaSUBA Board of Directors. The Board plays a key advisory role and it is the supreme administrative organ of the Organisation.

QUALIFICATIONS:

The following are the minimum qualifications for appointment to the Board:
  1. Should be a graduate (at least first degree or equivalent) from a recognized university in one of the following fields of Study: Arts/Culture, Accountancy (CPA), Economics, Law or Human Resource Management.
  2. Have at least 5 years working experience in at least on one of the said fields above. 
  3. Should satisfy the Nomination Committee that he/she is unlikely to have a conflict of interest with the roles of the Board;
  4. Be willing to serve as Chairperson or member to the Board.

APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS:

All applications including detailed Curriculum Vitae, photocopies of relevant genuine certificates and names and addresses of three easily contactable referees (including current or last employer) should be sent by post, courier, E-mail or delivered by hand so as to reach the Chairman of the Nomination Committee by 15:30Hrs, Monday 01 August, 2016.

The Chairman of TaSUBA Nomination Committee,
Ministry of Information, Culture, Arts and Sports,
Golden Jubilee Towers: 8th Floor,
Ohio Street,
P.O. BOX 8031,
DAR ES SALAAM
Email: [email protected]

Please Note:
On the envelop/Email mark the position of application and your area of specialization.
REMEMBER; Apply by 01/08/2016.

This advert is also available on: www.habari.go.tz

Watch: MAANGAMIZI - Sinema ya kwanza kutoka Tanzania kushindania Academy Awards (Oscars)


MAANGAMIZI: THE ANCIENT ONE

An American woman doctor comes to Tanzania to work at a hospital for the mentally disturbed, with her Tanzanian lover. There, she meets a sometimes catatonic patient, Samahe, who seems to be in communication with another reality. In their confrontation with their individual and collective pasts, Dr Asira and Samehe are bound by fears and half remembered images of unbearable pain.

Partner rating: No mature content

Release date: 2001

Running time: 1:52:07

Language: English

Actors: BarbaraoAmandina LihambaSamahani Kejeri

Directors: Martin MhandoRon Mulvihill

Producers: Martin MhandoQueenae Taylor Mulvihill

Writer: Queenae Taylor Mulvihill

Category: Drama

Oman Air plane's tyre bursts while landing in Tanzania


Muscat: A tyre of an Oman Air plane flying in from Muscat burst while landing at Dar es Salam airport in Tanzania on Saturday evening.

The airline said there were no injuries in the incident on flight WY 707, a Boeing aircraft. There were 158 passengers and six crew members on board.

Initial investigations showed that the tyre burst was caused by identified object on the runway.

A full investigation is under way.

In April, an Oman Air flight from Muscat experienced two burst tyres while landing at Abu Dhabi Airport. The flight took off from Muscat with 150 passengers and seven crew members on board. There were no injuries.

Last Tuesday, a bomb threat delayed the departure of Oman Air flight from India’s Trivandrum Airport to Muscat International Airport.

Nothing was found and the flight left after a delay of one hour and a half, Indian media reported.

Last May, two Oman Air flights headed to Muscat were diverted to Al Ain following the emergency landing of an Air Arabia flight at Muscat International Airport.

In May, the departure of Oman Air’s Kuala Lumpur-Muscat flight was delayed by two and a half hours as it had to offload three passengers who had taken ill.

Maana ya Parole, Madhumuni na Sheria za Bodi

Na; Lucas Mboje – Jeshi la Magereza,

PAROLE ni utaratibu wa kisheria unaompa fursa mfungwa aliyehukumiwa kutumikia kifungo Gerezani cha miaka minne na kuendelea kutumikia sehemu ya kifungo chake katika jamii kwa masharti maalum baada ya kukidhi vigezo vifuatavyo:-

i). Awe ametumikia theluthi (1/3) ya kifungo chake na kuonesha mwenendo wa kurekebika kurudi katika jamii kumalizia sehemu ya kifungo chake kwa masharti maalum. Masharti hayo ni kuwa chini ya uangalizi maalum kuhakikisha kuwa hatendi kosa lolote mpaka atakapomaliza kifungo chake, kuzingatia masharti ya Parole anayopewa kikamilifu pamoja na kuwa raia mwema na kuishi kwa kujipatia kipato halali katika jamii;

ii). Awe ameonesha kujutia kosa, kurekebika tabia na kuonesha mwenendo mzuri gerezani na;
iii). Mamlaka husika kujiridhisha kuwa hatahatarisha usalama wa jamii.

Parole ni moja kati ya adhabu mbadala na imeonesha mafanikio makubwa katika nchi nyingi duniani. Utaratibu huu ni wa kipekee kwa kuwa unawagusa wafungwa wa vifungo virefu ambao ndio wengi waliopo magerezani. Aidha, ni utaratibu unaoshirikisha jamii katika urekebishaji kwa kuzingatia usalama wa jamii na dhana kwamba uhalifu ni zao katika jamii.

Madhumuni ya kuanzishwa kwa utaratibu wa Parole nchini hayatofautiani na madhumuni ya kuanzishwa kwa utaratibu huu kwenye nchi nyingine Duniani zikiwepo nchi za Afrika kama vile: Afrika kusini, Zambia na Namibia. Mfumo wa Parole ulioainishwa hapa nchini unatokana na uzoefu wa Parole unaotumika nchini Canada. Sababu zilizopelekea kuanzishwa kwa Parole hapa Nchini ni:-
i. Kuhusisha jamii katika suala zima la urekebishaji wa wafungwa badala ya kutegemea serikali peke yake kwani chanzo cha uhalifu ni mazingira yanayotokana na jamii yenyewe.

ii. Kuwepo na kuendelea kuongezeka kwa idadi ya wafungwa wenye vifungo virefu magerezani ambao kutokana na urefu wa vifungo vyao hawawezi kufaidika na programu zilizopo za urekebishaji kwa sababu ama watatoka magerezani wakiwa wazee wasiojiweza, watakutana na mabadiliko makubwa kijamii, kiuchumi na kisera wasiyoweza kuyamudu haraka/ipasavyo kwenda na wakati au watafia gerezani.

Wafungwa wa aina hii hukata tamaa kwani hawaoni sababu ya kuwa na nidhamu wawapo gerezani, hivyo kusababisha usalama magerezani kuwa mashakani. Parole ilikusudiwa kuwarejeshea matumaini ya kurejea katika jamii na kuishi maisha ya kawaida na kupunguza tishio la kiusalama magerezani na katika jamii kwa ujumla.

Jeshi la Magereza kupitia Wizara ya Mambo ya Ndani ya Nchi liliwasilisha mapendekezo ya kutungwa Sheria ya Bodi za Parole nchini. Mapendekezo hayo yalijenga hoja ambayo hatimaye iliwasilishwa katika Bunge la Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania mwezi Novemba, 1994 na kupitishwa rasmi kuwa Sheria ya Bodi za Parole Na. 25/1994.

Sambamba na kutungwa kwa Sheria hiyo, kanuni za Bodi za Parole ziliandaliwa na kutangazwa kwenye Gazeti la Serikali tarehe 29 Agosti, 1997 (GN. 563/1997) hivyo kuwezesha Sheria hiyo kuanza kutumika rasmi. Hata hivyo Sheria iliyopitishwa haikuzingatia mapendekezo yaliyotolewa na Jeshi la Magereza ambayo yaliwalenga wafungwa wote kunufaika na Parole bila kujali aina na uzito wa makosa. Aidha, Sheria husika haikuanza kutumika mara moja kutokana na sababu zifuatazo:-

i. Bodi ya Taifa ya Parole na Bodi za Parole za Mikoa zilizokuwa zimeundwa kwa mara ya kwanza zilivunjwa na kuundwa upya na Mhe. Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania baada ya kulalamikiwa kuwa uteuzi wa Wajumbe wake haukuzingatia uwiano wa jinsia na dini.

ii. Kutokamilika kwa maandalizi ya nyaraka mbalimbali muhimu katika utekelezaji wa mpango wa Parole ikiwa ni pamoja na uendeshaji wa semina kwa wajumbe wa Bodi za Parole za Mikoa yote nchini ili kufanikisha uanzishwaji na utekelezaji wa Sheria hiyo.

Baada ya matukio hayo, kikao cha kwanza cha Bodi ya Taifa ya Parole kilifanyika tarehe 19 Agosti, 1999 ambacho kiliwajadili wafungwa watano (5) na kupitisha watatu(3) walioonekana kutimiza masharti ya kuachiliwa kwa Parole nchi nzima. Idadi hiyo ni ndogo hasa ikizingatiwa kwamba wakati huo magereza yote nchini yalikadiriwa kuwa na wafungwa 27,000. Kutokana na Wafungwa hao watano waliojadiliwa, ilidhihirisha kuwa Sheria yenyewe ilikuwa haitekelezeki kama ilivyokusudiwa katika mapendekezo yaliyowasilishwa na Jeshi la Magereza hapo awali.

Matokeo haya yalisababisha Bodi ya Taifa ya Parole kuishauri Serikali kupanua wigo wa sheria hii ili wafungwa wengi zaidi waweze kunufaika. Mapendekezo haya yalilenga kifungu cha nne cha sheria ya Bodi za Parole vifungu vidogo (a),(b) na (c) ambavyo vinataja kuwa wafungwa wanaotumikia vifungo vya maisha, waliofungwa kwa makosa ya unyang’anyi wa kutumia silaha, madawa ya kulevya, kujamiiana na adhabu ya kifo iliyobadilishwa kuwa kifungo kwamba hawawezi kupata msamaha wa Parole. Ilipendekezwa kwamba kifungu hicho kirekebishwe ili wafungwa wote wa makosa hayo nao wafikiriwe kunufaika na utaratibu wa Parole bila kujali makosa waliyotenda.

Kutokana na mapendekezo yaliyotolewa na Bodi ya Taifa ya Parole, Sheria Na. 25/1994 ilifanyiwa marekebisho kwa Sheria Na. 5/2002 ambayo ilijihusisha na eneo dogo tu kwamba badala ya mfungwa anayestahili Parole kuwa amehukumiwa kifungo cha miaka nane (8) na kuendelea, ilirekebishwa na kuwa awe amehukumiwa kifungo cha miaka minne (4) na kuendelea.

Chini ya marekebisho hayo Wakili wa Serikali Mfawidhi wa kanda aliongezezwa kuwa mjumbe wa Bodi ya Parole ya Mkoa. Hata hivyo suala la aina ya makosa na urefu wa kifungo katika kufikiriwa kunufaika kwa mpango wa Parole lilibaki kama lilivyokuwa hapo awali. Baada ya marekebisho hayo ya Sheria ya Bodi za Parole, Bodi za Parole za Taifa na Bodi za Mikoa zilizinduliwa upya mwaka 2003, na Bodi ya Taifa ya Parole ilifanya kikao chake cha kwanza mwezi Agosti, 2003 ambacho kilikuwa cha pili tangu Sheria hii ilipoanza kutumika rasmi nchini mwaka 1999.

Kwa mujibu wa Sheria na Sera za kitaifa kuhusu uboreshaji wa Magereza zinazotolewa kufuatia kuridhiwa kwa maazimio mbalimbali ya Kimataifa katika kuboresha hali za wafungwa magerezani, imeonekana kuwa vifungo siyo njia pekee ya kumrekebisha mhalifu. Adhabu mbadala zimeonekana ni bora zaidi kuliko kifungo kwa vile jamii huhusishwa katika suala zima la kumrekebisha mhalifu.

Adhabu mbadala zinazotumika hapa nchini ni pamoja na kulipishwa faini, Kuachiliwa kwa masharti, Probation, Kuachiliwa kwa matazamio, Kifungo cha Nje (EML), Parole, Huduma kwa Jamii n.k. Aidha, katika adhabu mbadala zilizoainishwa, Utaratibu wa Parole umeonekana unafaa zaidi kwa kuwa ndugu, uongozi wa mtaa/kijiji na mwathirika wa uhalifu hushirikishwa kutoa maoni kabla ya mfungwa husika kunufaika na mpango huu. Aidha, ni adhabu mbadala pekee inayohusika na wafungwa wanaotumikia vifungo virefu magerezani. Itaendelea …………wiki ijayo……!.

MWANDISHI WA MAKALA HII NI AFISA NGAZI YA JUU WA JESHI LA MAGEREZA, KWA MAONI NA USHAURI – 0754 871084, [email protected] or [email protected]


UPDATE - Mwendelezo...:

Na, Lucas Mboje – Jeshi la Magereza,

SIFA ZA MFUNGWA WA PAROLE

Sheria ya Bodi za Parole Sura 400 ya mwaka 2002 na Kanuni zake za mwaka 1997 inaainisha kuwa mfungwa anayetumikia kifungo cha kuanzia miaka minne (4) na kuendelea anastahili kunufaika na mpango wa Parole kama atakuwa na sifa zifuatazo:-

i) Asiwe amehukumiwa kifungo cha maisha;
ii) Asiwe ni mfungwa anayetumikia kifungo kwa makosa ya unyang’anyi wa kutumia silaha, madawa ya kulevya na makosa yanayohusiana na kujamiiana;
iii) Asiwe ni mfungwa ambaye kifungo chake kimebatilishwa kutoka kwenye kifungo cha kunyongwa;
iv) Awe anatumikia kifungo kisichopungua miaka minne (4) au zaidi na awe ametumikia 1/3 ya kifungo chake;
v) Awe ameonesha tabia na mwenendo mzuri kwa muda wote aliokaa gerezani na;
vi) Asiwe na pingamizi la kimahakama la kukataliwa kunufaika na utaratibu wa Parole chini ya Kifungu cha 67 cha Sheria ya makosa ya Jinai.

UAMUZI WA BODI ZA PAROLE UNAVYOFANYIKA HAPA NCHINI


Kimsingi mfungwa anapoingia gerezani kwa mara ya kwanza hujulishwa kuhusu haki zake ikiwemo haki ya kuingizwa kwenye mpango wa Parole kama ana sifa kulingana na kosa lake na muda wa kifungo chake gerezani.

Mfungwa mwenye sifa ya kuingizwa kwenye mchakato wa Parole anapotimiza 1/3 ya kifungo chake, Afisa Parole hukusanya taarifa mbalimbali zinazomuwezesha kujadiliwa katika Bodi za Parole; Taarifa hizo ni maoni kutoka kwa wazazi/ndugu zake, maoni ya mwathirika wa uhalifu, nakala ya hukumu, hati ya kifungo, maoni kutoka uongozi wa kijiji anachotarajia kwenda kuishi na maoni/taarifa kutoka Kituo cha Polisi kilichomkamata na pia matokeo ya uchunguzi wa alama zake za vidole kuhusu kumbukumbu zake za uhalifu. Taarifa hizi zote huwa ni kwa ajili ya kudumisha usalama wa jamii na wa mfungwa mwenyewe anufaikapo kwa Parole.

Baada ya Taarifa hizi zote kukamilika kila mfungwa anayependekezwa kunufaika na Parole hufunguliwa jalada (Prison Form. 64) kwa ajili ya kutunza kumbukumbu zake pamoja na taarifa za tabia na mwenendo wa mfungwa. Mchakato wa kumjadili mfungwa huanzia katika Kamati za Urekebishaji ya Gereza. Kamati hiyo hupitia taarifa hizo na kutoa maoni na mapendekezo kwenda Bodi ya Parole ya Mkoa. Bodi ya Parole ya Mkoa hupitia maoni na mapendekezo hayo na baada ya uchambuzi wa kina, hutoa mapendekezo yake kwa Bodi ya Taifa ya Parole kupitia kwa Sekretarieti ya Bodi ya Taifa ya Parole.

Sekretarieti ya Taifa ya Parole ina jukumu la kuratibu shughuli zote za Bodi. Hivyo hupokea taarifa za wafungwa waliopendekezwa au kutopendekezwa kunufaika na Parole kutoka katika Bodi za mikoa. Huchambua taarifa hizo na kuandaa taarifa ya kila mfungwa kwa ajili kujadiliwa na Bodi ya Taifa ya Parole.

Bodi hiyo kwa kutumia taaluma mbalimbali walizonazo wajumbe wake na nyadhifa zao hufanya uchambuzi wa kina wa mawasilisho hayo na kutoa uamuzi wa mfungwa anufaike au asinufaike na Parole. Uamuzi wa Bodi ya Taifa ya Parole huwasilishwa kwa Mheshimiwa Waziri wa Mambo ya Ndani ya Nchi kwa uamuzi wa mwisho kwa mujibu wa Kifungu cha 6(4) cha Sheria ya Bodi za Parole Na. 25 ya mwaka 1994 (Sura ya 400 R. E 2002).

Mheshimiwa Waziri wa Mambo ya Ndani ya Nchi hupitia taarifa za kila mfungwa na kutoa uamuzi wa mwisho wa kukubaliwa au kukataliwa kunufaika kwa mpango wa parole. Uamuzi huo huwasilishwa kwa Katibu wa Bodi ya Taifa ya Parole ambaye ni Kamishna Jenerali wa Jeshi la Magereza Tanzania. Itaendelea…… !.

MWANDISHI WA MAKALA HII NI AFISA NGAZI YA JUU WA JESHI LA MAGEREZA, KWA MAONI NA USHAURI – 0754 871084, [email protected] or [email protected]