Crawford: Tanzania and Uganda stand up against unfair EU - E. Africa Economic Partnership Agreement

By Rosa Crawfordstrongerunions.org

There was hopeful news for trade unions in East Africa last week as Tanzania and Uganda refused to sign the Economic Partnership Agreement between the EU and East African Community countries — Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and Rwanda —partly due to concerns about the negative impact of the agreement on democracy and development.

Unions across Africa have raised concerns through ITUC Africa that Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) – free trade agreements the EU is negotiating with regional blocs of mainly developing countries. This is due to the fact EPAs require countries to remove tariffs from all but a few products, depriving them of a key source of income and undermining their ability to protect their industries that are not able to compete with European goods. EPAs also do not have adequate provisions to protect workers rights or social welfare which contravenes the goals of the Lisbon Treaty and Cotonou Agreement to use the EU’s external relations to promote social, labour and environmental rights.

These concerned were partly reflected in recent comments from the Tanzanian government. Although they referred to the uncertainty around the Brexit as one of their reasons for not wanting to sign the EPA now, the government statement made clear that its opposition to the EPA was primarily motivated by longstanding concerns with the negative impact the deal would have on East African countries’ development and economies. It stated they could not sign the EPA due to a need: ‘to protect the economic interests of our countries by empowering the manufacturing industries.’

Meanwhile the former President of Tanzania Benjamin W. Mkapa this week wrote the ‘high level of liberalisation’ required by the East Africa EPA, which would reduce tariffs on 90% of all industrial goods ‘is likely to put our existing local industries in jeopardy and discourage the development of new industries’.

Mkapa also stated the EPA would also negatively affect the regional markets of East Africa as East African goods will not be able to compete with EU imports.

Not only are the terms of the EPA unfair but so is the way the EU is conducting negotiations.

The European Commission has declared (through a ‘delegated act’) that if East African countries do not ratify the EPA by October they will lose the tariff-free access to EU markets they currently have due to the fact that the countries in the East African bloc – with the exception of Kenya – are classified as developing countries.

It is plainly unjust for the EU to deprive countries in East Africa, already struggling with high rates of poverty, one of their major sources of revenue by imposing prohibitively high tariffs on their exports to the EU, unless they sign an EPA which looks like it will do serious harm to their economies, workers’ rights and governments’ ability to provide quality public services to its citizens.

Last week President of Uganda Yoweri Museveni announced that he could not support the EPA as East African governments had not been adequately consulted over the deal. Trade unions have also largely been excluded from negotiations, as the ITUC Africa statement makes clear.

The TUC and ITUC will be calling for the European Commission to drop this proposal and allow East African countries the freedom to decide through a democratic process whether they accept the EPA rather than forcing it on them.

The TUC has also written to MEPs to urge them to vote against the EU-SADC EPA being negotiated with Southern African countries including South Africa, Swaziland and Botswana which contains very similar threats to the East Africa EPA. MEPs such as the UK’s Judith Kirton Darling have opposed to the SADC EPA. This agreement could be stopped if more MEPs can be persuaded to vote against the agreement when it comes before the European Parliament in September.

As opposition mounts to EPAs the EU must change its approach to trade so that the aspirations of its ‘Trade for All’ strategy to strengthen human rights and sustainable development through trade become a reality.

Safari ya kuelekea Dodoma: Jambo 1 muhimu na 8 ya kuzingatia


Kuna mambo ambayo ni lazima yaangaliwe katika uamuzi wa kuhamia Dodoma.
  • Kuna masuala ya kuangalia kama idadi ya watumishi watakaohama na hawa wana familia ngapi, ikiwamo watoto wa shule. Lazima athari za kuhamisha watu wa namna hii hazina budi zitathminiwe na kupatiwa mwelekeo endelevu. Lazima kuangalia gharama za kuhama ghafla ni Sh ngapi na watakaolengwa ni watumishi wapi, yaani kada ipi na fedha zimetengwa kwenye kasma ipi!
Aidha, hatua ziangaliwe za kuzuia bei ya viwanja kupanda bei ovyo kwa sababu idadi ya watu watakaotafuta viwanja itaongezeka kwani tayari kuna taarifa kuwa mamia ya wananchi wameanza kupeleka maombi yao ya kupata viwanja katika ofisi za Mamlaka ya Ustawishaji Makao Makuu Dodoma (CDA). Hali hiyo imetokea baada ya Rais Dk. John Magufuli kutangaza nia ya Serikali kuhamia mjini Dodoma kwa kuwa ndiko yaliko makao makuu ya nchi.
  1. Kwamba kuna idadi kubwa ya watu wanaofika katika ofisi za Idara ya Ardhi katika mamlaka hiyo, na kwamba Jeshi la Polisi tayari linalazimika kuimarisha ulinzi ili kukabiliana na hali hiyo.
  2. Kwamba kuna watu waliokuwa hawalipii viwanja vyao siku za nyuma, lakini sasa wanahangaika kulipia viwanja hivyo. Kwa bahati CDA inasema ardhi mjini Dodoma itauzwa kwa bei ya kawaida ili watu wengi waweze kumiliki viwanja.
  3. Kwamba ‘square’ mita moja ya kiwanja cha makazi Sh 5,500 hadi Sh 10,000 katika maeneo ambayo kitaalamu tunayaita ‘medium density’. Viwanja kwa uwekezaji mkubwa ‘square’ mita moja itauzwa kwa Sh 13,300 na maeneo hayo kitaalamu tunayaita ‘low density’. Tunawahimiza watu wasinunue viwanja kienyeji ili wawakwepe wapigaji wa dili watakaowaumiza.
  4. Kwamba pamoja na uwepo wa mahitaji makubwa, ardhi ipo ya kutosha, yaani hata kama watakuja wananchi wote wa Dar es Salaam watapata ardhi ya kutosha; hata baada ya miaka 30 ardhi itatosha kwa sababu hata Mwalimu Nyerere alipoamua Dodoma iwe makao makuu, alijua kuna ardhi ya kutosha kwa idadi yoyote ya watu.
  5. Kwamba mpangilio wa mji utaanzia katika Kijiji cha Mtumba hadi eneo la Ikulu ndogo ya Chamwino ambako kutakuwa na ofisi za wizara na mabalozi. Mji wa kibiashara utakuwa ni eneo lote la mji wa Dodoma kwa sababu hii iko katika ‘master plan’ ya mwaka 2010-2030 ya kuhakikisha makao makuu ya nchi yanakuwa vizuri kuanzia kwenye barabara za kuingia na kutoka ili kusiwe na msongamano wa aina yoyote.
  6. Kwamba CDA imetenga maeneo maalumu kwa kujenga mahoteli makubwa na nyumba mbalimbali za kupanga. Zaidi ya ekari 1,500 kwa uwekezaji mkubwa zimetengwa na miundombinu iliishafika mapema kwani kuna maji, umeme pamoja na barabara za lami.
  7. Waziri wa Nishati na Madini, Profesa Sospeter Muhongo, tayari amesema kuwa TANESCO itazalisha umeme wa megawati 60 ili kuondoa tatizo la kukatika kwa umeme katika Mkoa wa Dodoma.
  8. Aidha, maeneo yote yatakayopimwa yatapata maji safi na salama; na Wakala wa Barabara Tanzania (TanRoads) amejipanga kukabiliana na ongezeko la magari.
Tunasema kuhamia Dodoma iwe chagizo cha maendeleo badala ya kuleta mambo hasi kwa Watanzania, wakiwamo wafanyakazi.

Job: Regional Advocacy Manager (E. Africa)

Organization: WaterAid
Country: United Republic of Tanzania
Closing date: 15 Aug 2016

It’s hard to believe that today over 650 million people still don’t have clean, safe water and over 2.3 billion live without a toilet. The resulting diseases kill one child every minute.

WaterAid is looking for a Regional Advocacy Manager (East Africa region) to play a vital role in our mission to transform lives with safe water, sanitation and hygiene in the world’s poorest communities.

WaterAid works with people in the world’s poorest countries to provide access to safe water, sanitation and improved hygiene. As we want our work to be sustainable we work through partner organisations in Africa, Asia and the Pacific region including governments, NGOs, academic and technical institutions and the private sector.

In line with WaterAid’s ambitious Global Strategy, WaterAid East Africa is a key regional and continental part of WaterAid Global. By 2030 we want everyone everywhere to have clean water, sanitation and hygiene. We need you to help us make it happen. If you bring your expertise, passion and professionalism, you will not only gain personally, but will also contribute to wider poverty reduction and human development.

For further information, please visit our WaterAid website:
http://www.wateraid.org/audience/jobs-and-volunteering/global/regional-advocacy-manager-08-08-2016

How to apply:
We have exclusively retained Mission Talent to manage this recruitment process on our behalf. Applications must be addressed to Mission Talent via their website:
www.missiontalent.com/en/positions/WA-RAM-EA

To apply for this role, kindly attach your CV (in English) and a motivation letter (of 350 words or less) which summarizes how your profile aligns with the key requirements, skills and abilities of the role applied for. Kindly send these as word files only. After submitting your application you will receive an automatic confirmation. If you do not receive this (kindly check your spam folder as well), please contact Mission Talent via [email protected] or via phone: +49 30 76 77 52 75.

Thank you in advance for your interest in this position.

Please note that only candidates under serious consideration will be contacted by Mission Talent for follow-up.

Job: Regional Technical Adviser (E. Africa region)

Organization: WaterAid
Country: United Republic of Tanzania
Closing date: 15 Aug 2016

It’s hard to believe that today over 650 million people still don’t have clean, safe water and over 2.3 billion live without a toilet. The resulting diseases kill one child every minute.

WaterAid is looking for a Regional Technical Adviser (East Africa region) to play a vital role in our mission to transform lives with safe water, sanitation and hygiene in the world’s poorest communities.

WaterAid works with people in the world’s poorest countries to provide access to safe water, sanitation and improved hygiene. As we want our work to be sustainable we work through partner organisations in Africa, Asia and the Pacific region including governments, NGOs, academic and technical institutions and the private sector.

In line with WaterAid’s ambitious Global Strategy, WaterAid East Africa is a key regional and continental part of WaterAid Global. By 2030 we want everyone everywhere to have clean water, sanitation and hygiene. We need you to help us make it happen. If you bring your expertise, passion and professionalism, you will not only gain personally, but will also contribute to wider poverty reduction and human development.

For further information about the role, please visit our WaterAid website:
http://www.wateraid.org/audience/jobs-and-volunteering/global/regional-technical-advisor-08-08-2016

How to apply:

We have exclusively retained Mission Talent to manage this recruitment process on our behalf. Applications must be addressed to Mission Talent via their website: www.missiontalent.com/en/positions/WA-RTA-EA

To apply for this role, kindly attach your CV (in English) and a motivation letter (of 350 words or less) which summarizes how your profile aligns with the key requirements, skills and abilities of the role applied for. Kindly send these as word files only. After submitting your application you will receive an automatic confirmation. If you do not receive this (kindly check your spam folder as well), please contact Mission Talent via [email protected] or via phone: +49 30 76 77 52 75.

Thank you in advance for your interest in this position.

Please note that only candidates under serious consideration will be contacted by Mission Talent for follow-up.

Job: Child protection/Child rights governance Senior Programe Manager - Tanzania

Organization: Save the Children
Country: United Republic of Tanzania
Closing date: 08 Aug 2016

Job: Child Protection Programme Manager - Tanzania

Organization: Save the Children
Country: United Republic of Tanzania
Closing date: 08 Aug 2016

Child Protection Programme Manager

Save the Children is the world's leading independent organisation for children. We work in 120 countries. We save children's lives; we fight for their rights; we help them fulfil their potential.

We work together, with our partners, to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives.

We have over two million supporters worldwide and raised 1.9 billion dollars last year to reach more children than ever before, through programmes in health, nutrition, education, protection and child rights, also in times of humanitarian crises.

Following a major transition, our international programmes are now delivered through a merged operation with 15,000 staff, managed through seven regional hubs and reporting to a relatively small, central office. We're changing to become more efficient, more aligned, a better partner, a stronger advocate, a magnet for world-class people and relevant for the 21st century.

Save the Children has been working in Tanzania for more than 30 years. We're working with government, local organizations and other international agencies to reduce child malnutrition, improve new-born and maternal health, and strengthen child protection systems for vulnerable children, promote children's participation and contribution to policy and resource allocation for services which concern them, support the national HIV/TB strategy through the Global Fund program, and respond to emergencies.

Role Purpose:

The Programme Manager is accountable for providing management and oversight of the implementation of the SIDA CP programme in Zanzibar and to represent and advocate for Save the Children's work and organizational priorities in Child Protection with a wide range of external parties including government representatives, communities, donors, UN and other humanitarian agencies operating in the area. Provide leadership and guidance to the programme team

Contract Duration: 1 Year

Location: Zanzibar

Qualifications and Experience
  • Degree or Master's Degree level in Social Sciences.
  • 3 - 5 years of relevant area work experience or equivalent.
  • Senior expertise in the thematic area of Child Protection will be considered a strong asset as well as practical knowledge of child participation methodologies.
  • Experience in building relationships, fostering interagency coordination and experience of representing an organisation to external parties.
  • Strong demonstrable skills and experience in programme management, monitoring, evaluation, learning and accountability.
  • Substantial budget holding responsibilities - experience of managing an annual budget.
  • Problem-solving and decision-making skills.
  • Proven leadership skills - previous experience of line managing staff.
  • High level report writing skills in English.
Please apply in English saving your CV and covering letter as a single document, including your salary expectations for this role. This role closes on 8th August 2016.

To see a full a job description, please visit our website at www.savethechildren.net/jobs

We need to keep children safe so our selection process reflects our commitment to the protection of children from abuse. Employment is subject to our Child protection standards including background checks and adherence to our Child Safeguarding Policy

Save the Children is an equal opportunity employer and seeks to employ and assign the best qualified talent.

Disclaimer:

Save the Children International does not charge any kind of fee at whichever stage of the recruitment process and does not act through recruitment agents

How to apply:

Application Email: Please apply with a covering letter and up-to-date CV to: '[email protected]'

Job: Project Coordinator (2 year fixed term contract), Tanzania

Organization: Sightsavers
Country: United Republic of Tanzania
Closing date: 21 Aug 2016

Sightsavers, an international development organization that promotes the prevention and cure of avoidable blindness, and promotes equality and opportunity for disabled people, seeks to recruit a mature, experienced, self-driven, dynamic and result oriented Project Coordinator who is keen to develop a career in a dynamic organisation and challenging environment.

Reporting to the NTD Programme Manager, the incumbent will be responsible for Trachoma SAFE project in Pwani region, for planning, organising, implementation, coordination, reporting and overall management of the project, ensuring consistency with Sightsavers strategy & quality standards, commitments and goals. The coordinator will also be responsible for partnership relations in Pwani region.

The ideal candidate will be a Tanzanian national who holds a degree in a relevant field (Social Sciences, Development Studies, Public Health and Economics). He/she must have extensive project management experience in donor supported project (especially multilateral donors e.g. DFID, USAID), ideally in an NGO environment with responsibility of large budgets or a demonstrated record of accomplishment in coordinating and managing large and complex projects is required as experience in advocacy, monitoring and evaluation.

Extensive experience in working with Partners (Consortium, Civil Societies, and Governments etc.) is an added advantage. He/she will be a strategic thinker, who possesses strong critical thinking, problem solving, analytical and presentation skills with ability to influence high-level ministry officials at both regional and national levels.

Please see the full job description here: http://jobs.sightsavers.org/job/project-coordinator-2-year-fixed-term-contract/

How to apply:

To apply for this post visit http://www.sightsavers.net/about_us/vacancies/ and download an application form. Please return completed application form to [email protected] . Indicate the position title on the email subject line.

We will be contacting short-listed candidates for interview shortly after the closing date.

As an equal opportunities employer we actively encourage applications from all sections of the community. Qualified people living with a disability are particularly encouraged to apply.

Job: NTD Programme Manager - Tanzania

Organization: Sightsavers
Country: United Republic of Tanzania
Closing date: 21 Aug 2016

Reporting to the Country Director, the incumbent will lead on programmatic management for the implementation of the trachoma fast track initiative (FTI) and on integration of mass drug administration against NTDs.

KEY AREAS OF RESPONSIBILITY

1. Strategic Programme Planning and Development
  • Participate in strategic planning processes to successfully drive the direction and delivery of cost-effective services and ensure objectives are met in line with national policies and Sightsavers’ FTI goals.
2. Country Programme Management
  • Provide effective management, coordination, technical advice and resource allocation necessary to support the country programmes to deliver NTD targets through quality service delivery.
3. Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Lead on supporting country teams in developing a system for monitoring and evaluating NTD programme performance.
4. Advocacy and Strategic Alliances
  • Build and maintain meaningful working relationships with a variety of partners and other stakeholders at national and international level in order to strengthen opportunities for advocacy and higher visibility.
5. Fundraising
  • Provide assistance in identifying possible funding sources to support programme delivery and work with other colleagues and partners to secure those funds.
6. Research
  • Assist project teams and MoHSW in Tanzania in disseminating information on NTD activities, studies, research and lessons learned at national and international level.
The ideal candidate will be a Tanzanian national (or any national permitted to work in Tanzania) who possesses a degree in a relevant field (Social Sciences, Development Studies, Public Health, Education). He/she must have technical knowledge of two or more of the five leading NTDs and have experience of managing an integrated NTD programme, ideally in an international context, having extensive programme management experience, with responsibility for large donor funded budgets preferably in the area of eye health or a demonstrated record of accomplishment in developing and managing public health programmes. Extensive experience in coordinating a large consortium grant is required as is experience in advocacy, monitoring & evaluation, and management of large and complex (multi-sectoral) projects. He / she will be a strategic thinker, who possesses strong critical thinking, problem solving, analytical and presentation skills with ability to influence high-level ministry officials at both regional and national levels.

Please see the full job description here: http://jobs.sightsavers.org/job/ntd-programme-manager-2-year-fixed-term-contract/

How to apply:

To apply for this post visit http://www.sightsavers.org/about_us/vacancies/ and download an application form. Please return completed application form to [email protected] . Do not attach CV or certificates.

We will be contacting short-listed candidates for interview shortly after the closing date.

As an equal opportunities employer we actively encourage applications from all sections of the community. Qualified people living with a disability are particularly encouraged to apply.

Job: Finance & Support Services Officer – 2 Year Fixed Term Contract

Organization: Sightsavers
Country: United Republic of Tanzania
Closing date: 21 Aug 2016

Sightsavers has an exciting vacancy for a Finance & Support Services Officer (FSSO) who will join the team in our Tanzania country office and be responsible for assisting the day to day financial management and support services.

The FSSO will be responsible for the financial administration of various duties such as fund requests, reviewing and providing appropriate coding for claims/invoice, preparation of monthly payroll and preparation of monthly finance reports. You will ensure data is entered accurately for financial transactions as well as monitoring other financial duties such as monthly petty cash vouchers and travel expenses.

As part of the role you will be responsible to maintain financial documents and produce monthly Country office payroll reports for the Country Director and Finance & Support Services Manager (FSSM).

This is an integral role within the Country office to ensure the programmes are fully supported where you will have excellent project management experience along with the ability to work with partners and manage budgets and grants efficiently. The candidate should have relevant professional accounting qualifications (CPA/ACCA) or a degree in finance/accounting and can demonstrate experience of working within a similar role. Experience of working for an International Non-Government Organisation (INGO) is preferable.. Excellent communication skills is essential along with strong IT skills.

Please see the full job description here: http://jobs.sightsavers.org/job/finance-support-services-officer-2-year-fixed-term-contract/


How to apply:

To apply, and for further details about the role, please download an application pack fromhttp://www.sightsavers.org/vacancies

As an equal opportunities employer we actively encourage applications from all sections of the community.Qualified people living with a disability are particularly encouraged to apply.

ASAP Science: Male vs Female Orgasms


Freedom in the World 2016 - Tanzania

Freedom Status: Partly Free
Aggregate Score: 60
Freedom Rating: 3.5
Political Rights: 3
Civil Liberties: 4

Ratings Change:

Tanzania's civil liberties rating declined from 3 to 4 due to the passage of the Statistics Act and the Cybercrimes Act, which imposed restrictions on freedom of expression and had a chilling effect on the media, academia, and civil society.

Quick Facts

Capital: Dar es Salaam
Population: 52,291,000
GDP/capita: $998.10
Press Freedom Status: Partly Free
Net Freedom Status: N/A

OVERVIEW

In October, Tanzania held its most competitive elections since its transition to multiparty rule in the early 1990s. John Magufuli, the candidate of the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party, won the presidential election with 58 percent of the vote. The runner-up, Chama Cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (CHADEMA) candidate Edward Lowassa – a former prime minister who had been considered a front-runner for the CCM nomination and who had defected to the opposition after losing the ruling party's primary nomination – claimed electoral malfeasance and rejected the results. International observers generally assessed the conduct of the elections on Tanzania's mainland positively. Magufuli was inaugurated in November, succeeding President Jakaya Kikwete of the CCM; Magufuli's running mate, Samia Suluhu Hassan, became the country's first-ever female vice president. Meanwhile, the CCM lost some seats in the parliamentary polls, as opposition parties, many of which had coordinated parliamentary and presidential candidates through a unified coalition, gained their largest representation in parliament yet. Later in November, parliament approved Majaliwa Kassim Majaliwa, a former junior minister and relative unknown, as the country's new prime minister.

However, simultaneous elections on the semi-autonomous archipelago of Zanzibar sparked controversy. Polls conducted ahead of the vote had predicted a contentious election for Zanzibar's president and a potential victory for Maalim Seif Sharif Hamad of the opposition Civic United Front (CUF). The elections were praised for their smooth conduct in their immediate aftermath. However, prior to the announcement of official results, Zanzibar Electoral Commission (ZEC) Chair Jecha Salim Jecha declared the elections for Zanzibar's president and legislature "null and void," saying the process "was not fair and had breaches of the law." In a joint statement, election missions from the Commonwealth, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union, and the European Union (EU) expressed "great concern" at the ZEC's move and noted that they had assessed the voting as "conducted in a generally peaceful and organised manner, according to the procedures outlined in the laws of the United Republic of Tanzania and the laws of Zanzibar." Hamad refused to accept the annulment, and the CCM and CUF remained in ongoing negotiations at the year's end.

In the run-up to the elections, the Tanzanian government enacted the Statistics Act and the Cybercrimes Act, two laws that had the potential to significantly limit freedom of expression, civil society activities, and access to information.

POLITICAL RIGHTS AND CIVIL LIBERTIES

Political Rights: 27 / 40 (-1)

A. Electoral Process: 8 / 12 (-1)

The president of Tanzania is elected by direct popular vote for up to two five-year terms. Legislative authority lies with a unicameral, 357-seat National Assembly (the Bunge) whose members serve five-year terms. Of these members, 239 are directly elected in single-member constituencies, 102 seats are reserved for women elected by political parties, 10 are presidential appointees, 5 are members of the Zanzibar legislature, and 1 is held by the attorney general. Zanzibar elects its own president and 81-seat House of Representatives, whose members serve five-year terms and are seated through a mix of direct elections and appointments. Zanzibar maintains largely independent jurisdiction over its internal affairs.

The 2015 national elections saw a voter turnout of 65 percent, compared with 43 percent in 2010. In the presidential race, Magufuli won with 58 percent of the vote, and Lowassa took 40 percent. In the National Assembly, the CCM won 152 seats, down from 186 in the previous parliament. Opposition parties, many of which had coordinated candidates through a unified coalition, gained their largest representation in parliament yet. CHADEMA won 34 seats, CUF took 32 seats, and the Alliance for Change and Transparency (ACT) and the National Convention for Construction and Reform (NCCR)-Mageuzi each won one legislative seat.

Despite some irregularities, the 2015 national elections were generally deemed credible by domestic and international observers. An observer mission from the EU described "highly competitive, generally well organized elections, but with insufficient efforts at transparency from the election administrations." However, there were some areas that observers documented with concern; the EU mission noted that the CCM had drawn on state resources, such as public stadiums, to support its campaign.

However, the unilateral annulment of Zanzibar's presidential election, while accepting the results of the Zanzibari vote for the mainland presidential election, undermined the fairness of the electoral framework, which is facilitated by the National Election Commission (NEC) and the ZEC, both of which are appointed by the Tanzanian president and whose independence has been questioned. In addition, the executive maintains the ability to appoint regional and district commissioners, who are influential during elections.

The current constitution was passed in 1977, when the country was under single-party rule. In March 2014, the presidentially appointed Constitutional Review Commission submitted its second draft of a new constitution to the Constituent Assembly (CA), a body of 640 Tanzanian and Zanzibari legislators and presidential appointees, for approval. The draft proposed a three-tiered federal state, fewer cabinet members, independent candidature, limits on executive appointment, and an explicit bill of rights. In April 2014, Tanzania's three primary opposition parties quit the CA, saying their input was not being considered. Nevertheless, the CA passed a controversial draft later in 2014. Opposition parties led by CHADEMA sought a judicial block to the new constitution, suggesting it was passed without a quorum, and initiated a nationwide campaign to garner public support for their position. Though the government was scheduled to conduct a nationwide referendum on the proposed constitution in April 2015, the NEC that month announced an indefinite delay of the poll, citing an inability to register citizens using a new biometric system in time for the vote.

B. Political Pluralism and Participation: 12 / 16


Tanzanians have the right to organize into political parties, and there is growing support for opposition parties. The constitution permits political parties to form "shadow governments" while in opposition. Four opposition parties – the CUF, CHADEMA, NCCR-Mageuzi, and the National League for Democracy (NLD) – decided to support a single presidential candidate and to field parliamentary candidates cooperatively in the 2015 elections. This coalition, known as the Coalition for a People's Constitution, Ukawa, posed the most significant threat to CCM's rule in the country's history.

Although political diversity has grown in recent years, minority parties report regular harassment and intimidation by the ruling party and various state institutions, including the police. People's choices are influenced by threats from military forces and the use of material incentives by the ruling party.

Cultural, ethnic, religious, and other minority groups have full political rights, but parties formed on explicitly religious, ethnic, or religious bases are prohibited.

C. Functioning of Government: 7 / 12


Magufuli was known as an antigraft figure and campaigned accordingly, promising to establish an anticorruption court. Almost immediately after his inauguration, he undertook reforms aimed at cutting spending and enhancing service provision. In November 2015, he barred government officials from taking foreign trips without special authorization from his office. Magufuli also shrank the cabinet to 19 ministers, down from 30, and canceled a ministerial retreat to cut costs. The savings, he announced, would be put toward social service spending.

Despite the presence of the Prevention and Combating Corruption Bureau (PCCB), corruption is pervasive in all aspects of political and commercial life in Tanzania. The PCCB has been accused of focusing on low-level corruption and doing little to address graft committed by senior government officials. In December, Magufuli removed the director general of the PCCB, Edward Hoseah, for negligence. The president also suspended four senior PCCB officials for taking unauthorized trips abroad following the ban on government travel. Tanzania was ranked 117 out of 168 countries and territories surveyed in Transparency International's 2015 Corruption Perceptions Index.

In 2014, twelve international donors withheld close to $500 million in budgetary support for the government following a corruption scandal in which senior government and business officials were accused of funneling more than $180 million in payments for nonexistent energy contracts to private offshore bank accounts. In March 2015, the donors agreed to release $44 million of the frozen funds "in recognition of actions taken" in response to the scandal. The government has complained that it has had to suspend some development projects due to lack of donor funds.

In September, the United States warned the Tanzanian government that it must demonstrate a greater commitment to fighting corruption if it wants to retain its scheduled $473 million in development assistance in 2016. The warning came after the Tanzanian government faced new allegations of public wrongdoing in 2015. In February, the government suspended the head of the Tanzania Ports Authority after concerns about alleged procurement infractions. In July, two former government ministers were sentenced to jail for three years after being found guilty of abuse of office in connection with a gold-auditing contract, accounting for a loss of some $5.2 million in government funds.

The government remains sporadically responsive to citizen input between elections, and citizens generally have access to public information, though observers have expressed concern that the Statistics Act and Cybercrimes Act will inhibit access to public information. The parliament of Tanzania inconsistently publishes legislation, committee reports, budgets, and other documents.

Civil Liberties: 33 / 40 (-2)

D. Freedom of Expression and Belief: 9 / 16 (-1)

Although the constitution provides for freedom of speech, it does not specifically guarantee freedom of the press. Independent media on mainland Tanzania came under increasing pressure in the run-up to the 2015 elections. Current laws give authorities broad discretion to restrict media on the basis of national security or public interest, and difficult registration processes hinder print and electronic media. In January, the government banned the circulation in Tanzania of the regional weekly the East African, citing registration issues. The ban remained in place at year's end. In the spring, Kikwete signed the Statistics Act, passed by parliament in March, and the Cybercrimes Act, passed in April. The Statistics Act severely restricts citizen access to information by requiring data released publicly to be first approved by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). Those publishing information not approved could face a minimum sentence of a year in jail or a fine of over $2,000. Following public outcry, the NBS released a statement clarifying that the act governs only official government statistics, but went on to say that, while the law does not prohibit a person or agency "from producing and publishing their own statistics...if such agencies want to produce official statistics intended to be used by the government for planning and policy making, they have to adhere to set standards and principles of official statistics."

The Cybercrimes Act gives the government significant leeway to arrest anyone perceived of publishing information deemed false, deceptive, misleading, or inaccurate and to levy heavy penalties against individuals involved in a host of criminalized cyberactivities. Following the October elections, Tanzanian police raided an office being used by the Tanzania Civil Society Consortium on Election Observation (Tacceo) and, under the auspices of the Cybercrimes Act, seized 28 computers and 26 mobile phones, claiming that the group was attempting to compile and publish election results. Thirty-six data clerks were arrested and taken in for questioning before being released on bail.

Two other controversial bills – the Media Services Bill, and the Access to Information Bill – were withdrawn from consideration in June after being criticized as overly restrictive. The Media Services bill would create a media services council to oversee a mandatory licensure process for journalists and media houses. The Access to Information Act provides a series of vague exemptions under which the government would withhold information from the public. It also allows fees to be demanded for the provision of information. The Minister of State for the President's Office said greater input from media stakeholders would be invited before the Access to Information Bill would be reintroduced.

Press freedom in Zanzibar is more constrained than on the mainland. The Zanzibari government owns the only daily newspaper, and private media other than radio are nearly nonexistent. Internet access, while limited to urban areas, is growing, but authorities monitor websites that are critical of the government.

Freedom of religion is generally respected. Relations between the various faiths are largely peaceful, though there have been periodic instances of violence. In March 2015, President Kikwete warned of increasingly tense relations between Tanzania's Christian and Muslim communities and asked religious leaders to refrain from involvement in political matters. Kikwete attributed some recent tensions to Christian opposition to the government's decision to allow Tanzanian courts to recognize Islamic court rulings in family law cases.

Historically, there have been few government restrictions on academic freedom. However, researchers and academics are likely to be disproportionately affected by the Statistics Act. People actively engage in private discussions, but the CCM uses a system of party-affiliated cells in urban and rural areas for public monitoring. Each cell is reportedly responsible for 10 households.

E. Associational and Organizational Rights: 6 / 12 (-1)


The constitution guarantees freedom of assembly, but the government can limit this right since all assemblies require police approval and critical political demonstrations are at times actively discouraged. In March 2015, police banned a protest they had initially approved that would have criticized the government for failing to protect albino Tanzanians from violence. Police cited the possibility of violence in banning the demonstration.

There is generally freedom for nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and more than 4,000 are registered. While current laws give the government the right to deregister NGOs, there has been little interference in NGO activity. Many NGOs, such as Research and Education for Democracy in Tanzania and the Legal and Human Rights Centre (LHRC), publish reports that are critical of the government. However, the Statistics Act and the Cybercrimes Act were expected to interfere with the work of NGOs, predictions that appeared to be borne out by the police raid of Tacceo, which occurred in LHRC offices.

Trade unions are ostensibly independent of the government and are coordinated by the Trade Union Congress of Tanzania and the Zanzibar Trade Union Congress. The Tanzania Federation of Cooperatives represents most of Tanzania's agricultural sector. Essential public service workers are barred from striking, and other workers are restricted by complex notification and mediation requirements. Strikes are infrequent on both the mainland and Zanzibar, but in January, Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority (TAZARA) workers went on a three-day strike to protest five months of unpaid salaries, amounting to some $1.4 million. Following similar strikes last year, TAZARA fired more than 1,000 employees for "unlawful" strike actions, even while admitting it owed employees back pay.

F. Rule of Law: 9 / 16


Tanzania's judiciary suffers from underfunding and corruption. Judges are political appointees, and the judiciary does not have an independent budget, making it vulnerable to political pressure and influencing what cases the judiciary considers.

Rule of law does not always prevail in civil and criminal matters. Despite recent improvements, policies and rules regarding arrest and pretrial detention are often ignored. Prisoners suffer from harsh conditions, including overcrowding and poor medical care. Security forces reportedly abuse, threaten, and mistreat civilians routinely and with limited accountability. Vigilante justice and mob violence are common, and security forces are often unable or unwilling to enforce the rule of law.

Tanzania's albino population faced increasing violence in 2015. In March, attackers chopped off the hand of a six-year-old boy in western Tanzania, the third such incident in 2015. Albino body parts are believed to bring good luck, leading to the trafficking, death, and dismemberment of many albinos. In March, Tanzanian police arrested more than 200 so-called witch doctors for violence against albinos.

Consensual same-sex sexual relations are illegal and punishable by lengthy prison terms, and members of the LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community face discrimination and police abuse. Most hide their sexual orientation.

More than 250,000 refugees from conflicts in neighboring countries reside in Tanzania. More than 80,000 Burundian refugees flooded into the country in 2015 following an outbreak of civil unrest after the Burundian president's decision to stand for a third term. Human rights advocates have criticized the 2002 Prevention of Terrorism Act for giving police and immigration officials sweeping powers to arrest suspected illegal immigrants.

G. Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights: 9 / 16

Citizens generally enjoy basic freedoms, including in travel, residence, employment, and education. However, the prevalence of petty corruption can inhibit these freedoms.

Tanzanians have the right to establish private businesses but are often required to pay bribes to set up and operate them. The state remains the owner of all land and leases to individuals and private entities. Land-rights disputes over government leases of customary Maasai grazing lands to hunting and tourism corporations have garnered international attention. In February 2015, indigenous rights activists criticized the government for the forcible eviction of Maasai villages related to the establishment of a hunting park by a United Arab Emirates-based company. In October, a Tanzanian court ruled that a U.S. safari company's acquisition of some 10,000 acres of land was legal, turning down a Maasai group's claim to the land.

Women's rights are constitutionally guaranteed but not uniformly protected. Rape, female genital mutilation, and domestic violence are reportedly common but rarely prosecuted. Although the minimum female age for marriage is 15, a 2014 Human Rights Watch report cited the occurrence of marriages to girls as young as seven. Eight cabinet posts are held by women.

Equality of economic opportunity is limited, and there is continued economic exploitation. Poverty, especially in rural areas, affects approximately 33 percent of the population.

Copyright notice: © Freedom House, Inc. · All Rights Reserved
Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2016 - Tanzania, 14 July 2016, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/57985a1711.html [accessed 29 July 2016]

Job opportunity at SUA for a Vice Chancellor


Job opportunity for fresh graduates

The School of Agricultural Economics and Business Studies (SAEBS) at the Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) is looking for fresh graduates in BSc Agricultural Economics, Agri-business Management or any other Agriculture-related disciplines with some experience in rural households’ data collection to be engaged for a short-term data collection assignment.

Qualified candidates should send in their application to the email address [email protected] copied to [email protected] ; [email protected] and indicate “ENUMERATOR” in the subject line. 

Applications can also be dropped at the School’s offices at the New Agribusiness Incubator building off Morogoro – Iringa Highway Road in the main campus, Morogoro Municipality. 

Applicants must include a cover letter, CV and academic and professional certificates. 

Application must be received by Friday, 5th August 2016.

Waraka wa Wizara kuhusu taarifa ya kuvamiwa ofisi za JHPIEGO


Taarifa kutoka HESLB: Ofisi zitakuwa wazi Jumamosi na Jumapili hii

BODI YA MIKOPO YA WANAFUNZI WA ELIMU YA JUU

TAARIFA KWA UMMA

OFISI ZA BODI YA MIKOPO KUWA WAZI KESHO JUMAMOSI NA JUMAPILI

Bodi ya Mikopo inapenda kuwataarifu wadaiwa wote waliopo Dar es Salaam kuwa Ofisi za Bodi zitakuwa wazi kwa siku mbili za kesho, Jumamosi, Julai 30, 2016 na Jumapili, Julai 31, 2016 kuanzia saa 3:00 asubuhi hadi saa 9:00 mchana ili kutoa huduma mbalimbali ikiwemo kuwasiliza wadaiwa.

Hii ni fursa muhimu kwa wadaiwa wote wa mikopo ya elimu ya juu ambao hawajaanza kulipa mikopo kupata taarifa kuhusu madeni yao.

Bodi ya Mikopo inatarajia kuanza kuwachukulia hatua za kisheria wadaiwa wote ambao hawataanza kulipa madeni yao mara moja. Hatua hizo ni pamoja na:
i. Kufikishwa mahakamani;
ii. Kutozwa faini;
iii. Kunyimwa fursa za kupata mikopo;
iv. Kunyimwa fursa za masomo nje ya nchi; na
v. Kuzuiwa kusafiri nje ya nchi.

Nyote mnakaribishwa ili kutumia fursa hii muhimu.

Imetolewa na:

Bw. Jerry Sabi,
Kaimu Mkurugenzi Mtendaji,
Bodi ya Mikopo ya Wanafunzi wa Elimu ya Juu,
S.L.P. 76068,
DAR ES SALAAM
Baruapepe: [email protected]

‘Kuwa Mzalendo, Rejesha Mkopo wa Elimu ya Juu’

Ijumaa, Julai 29, 2016

Serikali yaiahidi ORCI mashine mbili za mionzi

Makamo wa Rais, Samia Suluhu akimjulia hali mgonjwa ORCI
TAARIFA KWA VYOMBO VYA HABARI

Makamu wa Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania SAMIA SULUHU HASSAN ameahidi kuwa serikali itanunua mashine MBILI za kisasa za mionzi kwa ajili ya Taasisi ya Saratani ya Ocean Road ambazo zitasaidia kwa kiasi kikubwa utoaji wa matibabu kwa wagonjwa wanaoenda kupata matibabu katika Taasisi hiyo.

Makamu wa Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania SAMIA SULUHU HASSAN ametoa ahadi hiyo wakati akizungumza na waandishi wa habari mara baada ya kumaliza ziara fupi ya kutembelea Taasisi ya Saratani ya Ocean Road pamoja na Kumtembelea na kumpa pole Katibu wa Kamisheni ya Utalii Zanzibar Saleh Ramadhani Feruzi ambaye anapatiwa matibabu kwenye Taasisi hiyo jijini Dar es Salaam.

Makamu wa Rais amesisitiza kuwa mkakati uliopo wa serikali unalenga kuhakikisha kuwa hali ya utoaji wa huduma za afya na dawa kote nchini unaimarika maradufu ili wananchi waweze kupata huduma hizo kwenye maeneo yao kwa ubora unatakiwa.

Kuhusu uhaba wa wahudumu wa afya katika Taasisi ya Saratani ya Ocean Road, Makamu wa Rais SAMIA SULUHU HASSAN ameuahidi uongozi wa Taasisi hiyo kuwa serikali itahakikisha wahudumu hao wanapatikana katika mwaka wa fedha wa 2016/2017.

Baadhi ya wagonjwa na wananchi wamepongeza utoaji wa tiba katika Taasisi ya Saratani ya Ocean Road na wameomba serikali iendelee kuipatia taasisi hiyo vifaa vya kisasa vya kutolea tiba kama hatua ya kuboresha utoaji wa matibabu kwa wagonjwa wanaokwenda kupata matibabu ya saratani.

Imetolewa na

Ofisi ya Makamu wa Rais
29-Jul-16


Makamu wa Rais, Mhe. Samia Suluhu Hassan akimjulia hali, Swalehe Mohamed (mwenye fulana nyeupe) aliyelazwa katika taasisi ya saratani ya Ocean Road Jijini Dar es Salaam wakati wa ziara yake aliyoifanya katika hospitali hiyo leo Ijumaa (Julai 29, 2016).

Makamu wa Rais, Mhe. Samia Suluhu Hassan akiwajulia hali, Said Mohamed (kushoto) na Balitiamo Damian waliolazwa katika taasisi ya saratani ya Ocean Road Jijini Dar es Salaam wakati wa ziara yake aliyoifanya katika hospitali hiyo leo Ijumaa (Julai 29, 2016).

Makamu wa Rais, Mhe. Samia Suluhu Hassan akiwajulia hali, Isaya Sanga (katikati) na Abasi Bushole waliolazwa katika taasisi ya saratani ya Ocean Road Jijini Dar es Salaam wakati wa ziara yake aliyoifanya katika hospitali hiyo leo Ijumaa (Julai 29, 2016). Kulia ni Mganga Mkuu wa Taasisi hiyo, Dkt. Damian Msemo.

Makamu wa Rais, Mhe. Samia Suluhu Hassan akizungumza na ndugu za wagongwa waliolalazwa katika Taasisi ya Saratani ya Ocean Road Jijini Dar es Salaam wakati wa ziara yake aliyoifanya katika hospitali hiyo leo Ijumaa (Julai 29, 2016).

[pdf] UN Report - World Population Prospects, The 2015 Revision


The United Nations Population Division has published a 66 page report document estimating and projecting levels of population and trends for all the countries of the world, as of 2015. Recommended research for reading, here is the download link.

Much interesting information is available in this free report. Key findings are that the world population is aging in most countries and that average life expectancy is increasing in the coming years.

IMF recommends revenue-raising for Tanzania

The annual 2016 Article IV Consultation conducted by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) suggested that the Tanzanian Government's tax revenue levels are too low to finance its infrastructure investment and social service plans.

The IMF stressed that to achieve its development agenda, the Government must take steps to increase its domestic revenue collections. However, the IMF was "encouraged by the authorities' plans to strengthen tax administration and to consider further tax policy reforms."

It was noted that Tanzania's tax revenue, at about 13 percent of GDP in 2015/16, remains below low-income country standards. The IMF has estimated that the country's tax performance was about four percent of gross domestic product (GDP) below tax capacity in 2009-13, although that has been cut to between two and three percent of GDP currently following the increase in tax revenue seen in 2015/16.

The reason for Tanzania's low tax-GDP ratio is, according to the IMF, largely due to "poor performance in value added tax (VAT) collection [that] appears to be driven by administrative inefficiency, low taxpayer compliance, and policy gaps."

In order to close the tax revenue gap, the IMF concluded that, although the new VAT law implemented from July 2015 was "a good step forward, more needs to be done to further streamline exemptions and improve the refund mechanism."

A staff paper on selected issues that accompanied the IMF's Article IV Consultation confirmed that "VAT collection has suffered from creeping exemptions, compliance issues, and a weak refund mechanism. The new VAT law has broadened the tax base by removing some exemptions, although there may still be some room for further base-broadening measures."

"It would be particularly pertinent to review the experience with exemptions that were added to the VAT law before the legislation was finally approved by parliament," the paper continued. "The fact that businesses continue to push for these exemptions is an indication that the VAT refund mechanism does not work satisfactorily."

The IMF also commented that significant revenue could be mobilized through the elimination of corporate income tax holidays and exemptions. The staff paper noted that generous tax incentives undermine the corporate tax base, as do accelerated tax depreciation allowances and preferential dividend withholding tax rates for some sectors and asset types, and that they could be phased out or eliminated.

In addition, it was thought that property tax "remains an underutilized source of revenue particularly for the rapidly growing urban centers. Combined efforts are required to expand the property cadastre, improve the valuation method, and provide more flexibility to increase the property tax rate in some municipalities."

In the area of tax administration, "the need to step up reforms is pressing," the IMF also stated. "Areas for policy actions include cleaning up taxpayer registration and accounting, upgrading the IT system, and strengthening compliance risk management."

In reply, the Government agreed with the need to raise revenue collection. However, it pointed out that it is already taking action to fight tax evasion, streamline exemptions, widen the revenue base, and strengthen the capacity of revenue-collecting agencies. It also said that it has begun to consider further tax policy reforms, and that a strategy is expected to be adopted by the end of this year.

- Source: www.tax-news.com

WM Majaliwa amjulia hali Spika Ndugai


Waziri Mkuu, Kassim Majaliwa akizungumza na Spika wa Bunge , Job Ndugai wakati alipokwenda nyumbani kwa Spika jijini Dar es salaam kumsalimia Julai 29, 2016. Mheshimiwa Spika amerejea nchini hivi karibuni akitoka India kwa matibabu.
Waziri Mkuu, Kassim Majaliwa akizungumza na Spika wa Bunge , Job Ndugai wakati alipokwenda nyumbani kwa Spika jijini Dar es salaam kumsalimia Julai 29, 2016. Mheshimiwa Spika amerejea nchini hivi karibuni akitoka India kwa matibabu. Kushoto ni Waziri wa Nchi, Ofisi ya Waziri Mkuu, Jenista Mhagama.

  • Picha na Ofisi ya Bunge

Taarifa ya habari ChannelTEN Julai 29, 2016