Kurasa za mbele na nyuma za baadhi ya magazeti ya Tanzania leo Oktoba 4, 2016

Job: Finance Manager at The British Council operation, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Accountabilities, responsibilities and main duties:

The postholder will be accountable to Country Director and to the Management Team more widely for the successful management of finance within the British Council Tanzania Directorate.

The post holder will be responsible for leading and managing the Finance team within the British Council Tanzania directorate.

Specific duties will include: 

- Financial Planning. Manage the financial planning process for the office by discussing individual budgets areas/components with budget holders and make recommendations for managing adjustments at country level for Director's consideration. Ensure budgets are in line with country plan and strategy. Ensure an appropriate ratio of overheads to operational expenditure

- Financial Management. Oversee effective financial control of the directorate in line with corporate audit standards e.g. cash/cheque payments on system, regular monitoring, adequate separation of duties and other measures are in place to counter the risk of fraud; ensure budgets and income is managed in line with corporate standards, incoming resources policy, commercial trading policy, processes and strategies. Effective support in financial planning and reforecasting exercises.

- Budget monitoring and management. Analyse monthly progress of actuals and forecasts to year-end against year-to-date and annual budgets. Discuss any variances from plan with budget holders and recommend an appropriate course of action. Manage the staff costs budget. Manage in-year reviews of budgets and lead country performance reviews on a monthly basis using Month End Management Packs.

- Decision Support: Context Analysis and Risk Management. Monitor the external (political, legal and economic) and internal (corporate standards and procedures) environments and analyse changes and developments in them. Recommend an appropriate course of action in response to changes and developments. Contribute to external environment risk analysis and management. Ensure financial services and processes adequately address the level of risk in the external environment, are efficient, follow best practice and corporate standards and meet office needs.

- Leadership and line management of the Finance Team. Ensure that all finance -related activities are consistent with key equal opportunities and diversity principles and in line with all corporate policies and the Code of Conduct.

Job: Finance Officer at The British Council operation, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

The postholder will be responsible for:

- Providing support to the Finance Manager in completing bank reconciliation as per the corporate policy
- Keeping all off-system cheques to a minimum and ensure details are sent to shared services team (hub) as per the corporate guideline
- Completing straight to bank payments and cheque payments
- Ensuring journals are raised immediately after issuing cheques Eg Exam refunds
- Completing income reconciliation for Exams as per corporate policy
- Completing reconciliation for vendors
- Ensure all cash journals are parked and posted daily
- Providing support to the Finance Officer in posting month end journals before the period is closed
- Manage the petty cash process and reconciliation.

Follow this link for details and application: jobs.britishcouncil.org

Nigeria’s Egbin Power to expand into Tanzania

Nigerian Energy company, Egbin Power Plc, is expanding and set to mark its new territory in Tanzania, by constructing a natural gas-fired power plant.

While on a five-day tour in Tanzania last week, the Chief Executive Officer of Egbin Power Plc, Dallas Peavey, said that the construction of the plant is expected to commence shortly as the investment agreement with the host government has been signed, reports Tanzania Daily News.

“We plan to set-up two plants, each generating 450MW…all we are awaiting for now is government approval and TANECO’s (Tanzania Electric Supply Company) proposal,” Peavey said.
Egbin Power in Talks with Government

Media reported that key pending issues so far include the plant specifications and the specific location to build the plant.

According to the media, in efforts to make progress, the Egbin Power management has already visited Dar es Salaam six times, to hold talks with senior government officials, including the prime minister, Kassim Majaliwa.

Other attending officials are reported to include finance and planning minister, Dr Philip Mpango, energy and minerals minister, Prof Sospeter Muhongo and TANESCO managing director, Felchesmi Mramba.
Plant to Develop in Stages

According to Peavey, if the investment is approved it will take 12 months to complete the first phase.

“We are interested in power generation. We have the expertise and experience from our operations in the United States of America, Argentina, Africa and Europe,” he stated.

He, however, criticised the government’s sluggishness in approving the project.

It is reported that the power company said the funds are available for the Dar es Salaam project, which is anticipated to cost $630 million.

According to the media, Peavey hinted that Egin Power had also appointed Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) company to execute the project.

Egbin Power Plc, a subsidiary plant of the Nigerian based Sahara Group, runs a 1,320MW natural gas-fired independent power plant, which is acclaimed to be the largest plant in Western and Sub-Saharan Africa.

Lessons from Tanzania: Digitization of Person-to-Government, Business-to-Government payments

Digitization of payments could increase Tanzania’s annual tax revenue by at least $477 million per year which would help push up the country’s GDP ratio currently at 12%.

This is one of the observations made by the Better Than Cash Alliance, in a report [PDF] produced from a study they undertook of digital payments in the country, focusing on the period from 2012 to 2016.

In 1996, the Government of Tanzania began the process of modernizing its National Payment System (NPS), which involved making the payments system more convenient for customers, lowering the transaction costs and reducing the time it would take for payments to be processed.

The Bank of Tanzania introduced digital Person-to-Government (P2G) and Business-to-Government (B2G) payments after the enactment of Three key laws – The National Payments Systems Act, The Electronic Transactions Act, and the Cybercrime Act – which were necessary to safeguard the digital payments ecosystem before any transactions could be made.

The report goes on to add that the efficiencies realized from the use of digital platforms to make payments to and from Government creates a dynamic and productive business environment, which in turn drives new investment and economic growth.

Tanzania has introduced mobile payments in various sectors, such as:
  1. Motor vehicle license fee payments - The license fee accounts for up to two per cent of Tanzanian Revenue Authority’s (TRA) domestic taxes. three weeks into the launch of the digital payment option in 2013, 42% of motor vehicle fees and levies were collected through mobile payments, with this rate going up year-on-year.
  2. Conservation fees at National Parks - Digital payments have reduced losses from leakage of conservation park entry fees paid by tourists and tourism operators by over 40 percent, meaning that these monies can now be put into supporting investment and employment. The tourism sector contributes up to 13% of Tanzania’s GDP, and the introduction of digital forms of payment has made collection of revenues more efficient.
  3. Customs and import duty payments - Digitization of custom clearance and payment of import duties has reduced clearance times from nine days to less than one day. The Tanzania Customs Integrated Systems (TANCIS) was launched in 2014 to modernize the country’s customs processing and payment systems and remove inefficiencies in order to reduce the US$1.8 billion lost annually due to transaction costs.
  4. Government payments to citizens - The Government of Tanzania has deployed digital payment solutions for the disbursement of bulk payments to its citizens such wages for government employees, social support transfers and pensions are openly monitored by interested citizens who want to hold the government accountable for the taxes paid, this enhances accountability and transparency in government expenditure.
While the developments in Tanzania’s digital payments ecosystem are encouraging, the lack of interconnectivity between payment services rolled out by various government agencies is needed to support the entry of the private sector into the space, particularly the telecommunication industry and banking associations, so that they can collaborate with government entities to provide solutions in the space.

The study identified increased financial inclusion as one key benefit from the new digital payment methods, with increased uptake of payment instruments such as prepaid cards for hospital payments. Additionally, the programme established dedicated channels for citizens to pay for government services, increasing customer adoption of and trust in digital payments.

Seamless digital payments require a robust backend for smoother integration and user experience. A critical first step is ensuring that backend technology is capable not only of accepting payments from multiple sources, but also of real time validation, acknowledgment and periodic reconciliation. This ensures that there is a payment trail, and users get immediate feedback that their payments have been received.

The digital payment system has a high initial cost, and users are likely to resist bearing the full burden of digitization. Electronic billing machines are expensive, costing anywhere between US$274 and US$460, which is out of reach for many small traders. They are therefore reluctant to provide full visibility into their revenues for fear of being taxed, and as a result they often offer lower prices to customers prepared to pay in cash, meaning that the system could lead to an informal economy that operates outside of the taxation system.

Challenges aside, Tanzania’s move to digitize government services has led to substantial savings through ensuring accountability, which goes a long way towards reducing loss of public funds through inaccurate or fraudulent payments.

The key conclusion that the report draws from from Tanzania's experiment is that payment digitization can deliver higher revenue collection for governments, with increased compliance and efficiency, higher accountability and transparency, and risk management built in. For individuals and businesses, the digital payments ecosystem provides a crucial link to the formal financial system, which in turn drives new economic opportunities and supports economic growth.

Where are the missing bodies Tanzania?


DAR ES SALAAM--Tanzania’s Ministry of Home Affairs says that 4,002 people died in road crashes in 2013; the World Health Organization (WHO) says the figure is more like 16,000 road traffic fatalities.

Where are the missing 12,000 bodies? The discrepancy is too telling to be ignored.

Mary Kessi who heads WHO’s road safety program in Tanzania says that the organization is proactive and uses different methodologies and multiple sources of information to collect data.

“We use country questionnaires and we also have a country focal person. We also use a workable formula to come up with the estimates,” she said.

The government, on the other hand, relies almost entirely on police reports.

According to Traffic Police Unit Commander Mohammed Mpinga, the police collect information of fatalities from areas where road crashes occur. The local reports are sent to district and then regional police headquarters before they are compiled at the national level.

He questions the figure released by WHO.

“I do not know how WHO collects its data, but I do not believe in their figures. We cannot all have the same exact numbers, but the difference is just too huge,” he said.

Mpinga, however, acknowledged that in the event of a road crash—even a fatal crash—people are not obliged to go to the police.

The Tanzanian government wants to achieve the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) on road safety which include the ambitious target of halving the number of deaths and injuries from road crashes by 2020. The SDG also calls for the government to provide access to safe, affordable and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations—women children, persons with disabilities and older persons.

To meet these targets, the government needs accurate data. Bad data does not reflect the real situation on the ground and will certainly mislead policy and decision-makers on the appropriate interventions needed.

Earlier this year, deputy minister for Home Affairs Hamad Masauni, told reporters that the government has started a six-month campaign to reduce road accidents by 10 percent. Masauni is also the National Road Safety Council chairman tasked with ensuring road safety in the country.

However, inaccurate data is likely to defeat that purpose. Using bad data allows officials to happily pat each other on the back for a job well done if they are able to reduce the number of fatalities by a mere 400.

And this might be where the question is asked again: Where are the missing 12,000 bodies?

Honest Ngowi, an economics professor at Mzumbe Univeristy, says that government data collection in Tanzania is poor in many sectors, so he is not surprised by the wide disparity.

He says that to develop effective prevention strategies, the government needs to have accurate statistics, and part of its strategy should involve having improved data collection systems.

Prof. Ngowi also notes that good data is important to raise awareness about the magnitude of road traffic injuries and to convince policy-makers of the need for action so they can come up with evidence-based policies and strategies.

But without secure and consistent funding, no serious measures can be introduced to improve road safety. Interventions will fail due to a lack of sustainable funding in data collection, analysis and interpretation.

Hii teknolojia ya ukaushaji wa mboga na matunda ni rahisi

Maofisa wa taasisi ya Mfuko wa Wanawake Afrika kutoka Hispania wakiwa katika picha ya pamoja na wanakikundi wa Mzinga (wenye sare). Kulia ni mratibu wa mradi wa Green Voices nchini Tanzania, Bi. Secelela Balisidya.
SIYO tu mapishi ya asili ya kisamvu kikavu kilichoungwa kwa nazi, lakini mafanikio makubwa katika ukaushaji na usindikaji wa mboga na matunda katika mradi wa wanawake wa Kata ya Mzinga, Manispaa ya Morogoro yamewavutia wahisani wa taasisi ya Women for Africa Foundation kutoka Hispania.

Hali hiyo imewafanya wanawake hao wawe katika nafasi kubwa zaidi ya kusonga mbele ikiwa wafadhili hao watatoa tena fedha katika awamu ya pili ya mradi wa Green Voices unaotekelezwa nchini Tanzania.

Akizungumza katika Kijiji cha Konga kwenye Kata hiyo, mratibu wa mradi huo kutoka Hispania, Bi. Alicia Cebada, alisema kwamba licha ya kuwa na muda mfupi tangu kuanza kwa mradi huo, lakini wanawake hao wamefanya mambo makubwa ambayo yanastahili kuungwa mkono.

“Hii teknolojia ya ukaushaji wa mboga na matunda ni rahisi na inafaa sana kwa uhifadhi wa chakula, kinachotakiwa ni kwa wanawake hawa kuwezeshwa zaidi,” alisema Alicia ambaye aliongozana na Mkurugenzi wa habari wa taasisi hiyo, Anna Salado, na ofisa mwandamizi wa taasisi hiyo anayeshughulikia masuaa ya ubunifu, Bi Noellia pamoja na mratibu wa Green Voices Tanzania, Bi. Secelela Balisidya.

Alicia alisema kwamba, changamoto ndogo wanazokabiliana nazo wamezisikia, lakini akasema katu zisiwakatishe tamaa kwa sababu inaonyesha dhahiri wanaweza kufanya mambo makubwa mbele ya safari.

Taasisi ya Women for Africa Foundation mbayo ni mfuko unaoshughulikia maendeleo ya Wanawake wa Afrika, ikiongozwa na makamu wa rais mstaafu wa Hispania, Mama Maria Teresa Fernandez de la Vega Sanz, ndiyo inayofadhili mradi wa Green Voices ambao unatekelezwa Tanzania pekee.

Hata hivyo, taasisi hiyo inafadhili miradi 15 ya wanawake katika nchi 12 barani Afrika ambayo imeonyesha mafanikio, huku mradi wa Green Voices ukitajwa kuwa na mafanikio makubwa katika kipindi kifupi.

Miongoni mwa changamoto ambazo wanawake hawa wasindikaji wanakabiliana nazo ni pamoja na makaushio ya umeme-jua (solar power) pamoja na masoko ya uhakika na vifaa vya kufungashia.
Mshiriki kiongozi wa mradi huo wa Mzinga Green Voices, Esther Muffui, alisema kwamba kaushio walilonalo kwa sasa ni dogo kuliko mali ghafi zilizopo na akaongeza kwamba itakuwa vyema kama walau kutakuwa na kaushio moja kwa kila wanawake watatu.

“Hapa Mzinga wanawake na jamii nzima wanalima mboga mboga na matunda kwa wingi, lakini kaushio tulilonalo ni moja tu ambapo haliwezi kutosheleza mahitaji, kama tutawezeshwa zaidi na walau kukawepo kaushio moja kwa kila wanawake watatu itasaidia sana hata jamii nzima ya hapa,” alisema.

Ujumbe huo ulifurahishwa zaidi baada ya kupata mlo wa mboga kavu zilizoungwa kwa nazi na karanga pamoja na wali wa nazi, ambapo siyo tu walishangazwa na mapishi hayo ya asili, bali pia walistaajabu namna ukaushaji huo usivyoathiri ubora wa mboga hizo.

Naibu Mstahiki Meya wa Manispaa ya Morogoro, Milikieli Mansweat Mahiku, alisema kwamba, atahakikisha anasimamia kwa bidii ili teknolojia hiyo iweze kusambaa kwa wanawake wote wa manispaa hiyo, ambayo inafahamika kwa uzalishaji wa mboga na matunda kwa wingi.

Mhe. Mahiku, ambaye pia ni Diwani wa Kata ya Mzinga, alisema kwamba, kuanzishwa kwa mradi huo kutawachochea wanawake wengi kuingia kwenye ujasiriamali wa kilimo cha mboga mboga na matunda, kwa kuwa sasa hayawezi kupotea kama zamani.

Aidha, aliahidi kwamba, yeye na madiwani wenzake watahakikisha asilimia 10 ya fedha za maendeleo katika halmashauri wanapatiwa wanawake na vijana wanaofanya miradi endelevu yenye tija na inayolenga kutunza mazingira kama wanavyofanya wanawake hao wa Mzinga.

“Sasa hivi bajeti ya maendeleo ya halmashauri imeongezwa hadi asilimia 60, sasa kati ya fedha hizo, asilimia 10 ni miradi ya wanawake na vijana, ambayo kama tutaisimamia vyema na kuielekeza kwenye miradi endelevu kama hii italeta tija.

“Kama wahisani hawa wamejitokeza na wamekuja kutoka Hispania, sisi kama serikali nasi tunapaswa kuunga mkono jitihada hizi ambazo zina tija kubwa,” alisema Mstahiki Meya.
Hata hivyo, aliitaka jamii kubuni miradi mbalimbali endelevu na kuacha kuisubiri serikali ifanye kila kitu.

Mradi huo wa ukaushaji wa mboga na matunda umeanzishwa mwezi Machi mwaka huu baada ya Bi. Esther na wanawake wengine 14 kupatiwa mafunzo nchini Hispania ya ujasiriamali unaoendana na utunzaji wa mazingira na uelewa kuhusu mabadiliko ya tabianchi.

Miradi mingine inayotekelezwa kupitia Green Voices Tanzania ni kilimo cha viazi lishe Ukerewe, usindikaji wa mihogo Kisarawe, ufugaji nyuki Kisarawe, utengenezaji wa majiko banifu Mkuranga, kilimo cha matunda Uvinza – Kigoma, kilimo cha uyoga Boko na Bunju, Dar es Salaam, kilimo hai cha mboga mboga Kinyerezi, Dar es Salaam, ufugaji nyuki Dakawa, Morogoro, na utengenezaji wa majiko ya umeme-jua Kilimanjaro.

Mkurugenzi wa mawasiliano wa taasisi ya Mfuko wa Wanawake Afrika, Anna Salado (kulia), akipakua mboga zilizopikwa kiasili na kuungwa kwa nazi wakati yeye na ujumbe wake walipotembelea mradi wa ukaushaji wa mboga na matunda wa wanawake wa Kata ya Mzinga mkoani Morogoro hivi karibuni. Kushoto ni Naibu Meya wa Manispaa ya Morogoro, Milikieli Mansweat Mahiku.

Mratibu wa mradi wa Green Voices kutoka taasisi ya Mfuko wa Wanawake Afrika ya Hispania, Alicia Cebada, akiwa ameshikilia pakiti ya kisamvu kilichokaushwa na kufungashwa huku akiwapongeza wanawake wa kikundi cha Mzinga katika Kata ya Mzinga, Manispaa ya Morogoro kwamba wamefanya kazi nzuri sana. Mwenye fulana nyeupe ni Bi. Esther Muffui, mshiriki kiongozi wa mradi huo.

Mratibu wa mradi wa Green Voices kutoka Hispania, Alicia Cebada, akiuliza jambo kuhusu namna ya ukaushaji wa matunda.

Mshiriki kiongozi wa kikundi cha Mzinga Women Group, Esther Muffui (wa pili kushoto), akitoa maelezo ya namna ya kukausha matunda katika mradi wa Green Voices kwenye Kata ya Mzinga mjini Morogoro.

Bi. Esther Muffui, mshiriki kiongozi wa kikundi cha Mzinga Women Group mjini Morogoro kinachotekeleza mradi wa Green Voices kwa ukaushaji wa mboga na matunda, akieleza jambo wakati ujumbe kutoka taasisi ya Mfuko wa Wanawake Afrika ulipotembelea mradi huo hivi karibuni.

Matayarisho ya mboga mbichi kabla ya kuikausha.

Hapa sasa mboga inasambazwa tayari kwa kuwekwa kwenye kaushio.

Na walipatiwa zawadi maalum kwa ukumbusho. Hapa Alicia Cebada akivishwa skafu yenye rangi za bendera ya Tanzania.

Maofisa wa Mfuko wa Wanawake Afrika, Alicia na Anna Salado wakiserebuka katika ngoma ya Kirugulu.