Visiting scholars - UNU-WIDER, Finland

Closing date is 30 September 2009.

For more information on how to apply, see Opportunities Visiting Scholars

Visiting scholars
The UNU-WIDER Visiting Scholars Programme is intended to give qualified scholars an opportunity to undertake research on topics related to development and/or global economic issues, to participate in UNU-WIDER activities, and to contribute to UNU-WIDER publications. It is also designed to aid the dissemination of UNU-WIDER research and to contribute to the UNU-WIDER outreach programme.

For some places in the programme, preference will be given to females and to applicants from developing countries.

Successful applicants are expected to
  • have a PhD degree in economics or a related discipline.
  • have a good publication record.
  • pursue research on development or global economic issues.
  • spend between 2-6 months at UNU-WIDER.
  • interact with the academic staff at UNU-WIDER.
  • prepare one or more papers to be considered for publication in the WIDER Research Paper series.
  • present a seminar in their field of research.
  • acknowledge UNU-WIDER's support when appropriate.
Financial assistance
UNU-WIDER typically provides a monthly stipend of 2,000 euros as a contribution towards travel, accommodation, medical, and other out-of-pocket expenses. Developing country scholars may apply for a supplementary grant to cover high travel costs.

Application procedure
  • There is no standard application form. Those interested in this programme should submit
  • a written letter of application which includes the preferred period for the sabbatical.
  • a research proposal, bearing in mind UNU-WIDER's current research focus, and
  • a detailed curriculum vitae, including contact details and a list of publications.
Applications should be received by the 30 September each year (applications will not be assessed until after the closing date) by regular mail at the following address:
Visiting Scholars Programme
Katajanokanlaituri 6 B
FIN-00160 Helsinki

Inquiries only (not applications) may be made by e-mail to sabbatical programme, or the Programme Director Wim Naudé.
Please read the above guideline before making any inquires.

Info source;

Senior FP/RH Specialist, Futures Group International - Kenya

For the above mentioned job, you will need to meet the following REQUIREMENTS:

Applicants must have a minimum of a Masters Degree in social sciences, population studies, public health, or a related field plus at least 9 years work experience in policy and advocacy formulation and implementation. Strong qualitative and quantitative analytical skills, particularly using population-based models, are highly desirable. Excellent interpersonal, communications, writing, presentation, and organizational skills as well as strong networking skills and the ability to form and work with strategic alliances for high-level advocacy in repositioning FP/RH are desirable.

All interested Candidates are required to submit:
  • A comprehensive CV and three contactable references. Please do not send all diplomas and certificates at this application.
  • A letter of motivation stating why you are a qualified candidate.
  •  Please email your CV and motivational letter to: [email protected]
  • Subject Line: Senior FP/RH Specialist
Closing date for all applications: Applicants are encouraged to apply as soon as possible but no later than August 7, 2009.

Please follow this link for this job's complete description:

A downloadable copy is available here: Senior_FP__RH_Specialist_-_Kenya.doc

The Dan David Scholarship 2010

Scholarship 2010 General Information and Procedures

The deadline for scholarship applications is March 31st , 2010.

The Dan David Prize laureates annually donate twenty scholarships of US$15,000 each to outstanding doctoral and post-doctoral students of exceptional promise in the chosen fields.

Ten scholarships are awarded to doctoral and post-doctoral students at universities throughout the world and ten scholarships at Tel Aviv University.

The Dan David Prize is granted according to merit, without discrimination based on gender, race, religion, nationality, or political affiliation.

Criteria for scholarship application:
  • The applicant's doctoral or post-doctoral research is in one of the selected fields for the year in which the application is being made.
  • The applicant is a registered doctoral or post-doctoral student at a recognized university at the time of receipt of scholarship.
  • For doctoral students applying: The research proposal must be officially approved by the university department in which he/she is studying.
Required documents (in ENGLISH only, doc rtf or pdf format, Ariel or Times New Roman Font, minimum size 12):
  • To be sent by email to [email protected] :
  • Application form (completely filled-out).
  • Full Curriculum Vitae.
  • A one-two page description of the applicant's doctoral or post-doctoral research project and a list of applicant's publications (if relevant).
  • Three separate, official letters of recommendation by recognized scholars in the field, one of which is the doctoral/post-doctoral supervisor, signed in PDF format.
  • Authorization by the university that the applicant is a registered doctoral/post-doctoral student in the stated department and university, signed in PDF format.
Originals To be sent by post to:
Ms. Smadar Fisher, Director, Dan David Prize, Eitan Berglas Bldg/119
Tel-Aviv University, P.O.Box 39040, Ramat Aviv, Tel-Aviv 69978, Israel

Confirmation of receipt will be sent by email.
  • Tel Aviv University applicants are requested to note the following:
  • The scholarship will be granted in bimonthly payments during the forthcoming academic year until payment of the scholarship amount is completed.
  • Scholarship applicants who are the recipients of other Tel Aviv University scholarships/grants are requested to contact the Dan David Prize office to receive further information.



Scholarship for Diploma in International Research Ethics - S.Africa

Click here to download the original attachment (.doc) from the original website, i.e. IRENSA


IRENSA, in association with the University of Cape Town Bioethics Centre, received a generous grant from the Fogarty International Center of the US National Institutes of Health to support international bioethics education in Southern Africa for the period 2003-2006. Renewal for a further four years is allowing the programme to run until 2010. The first seven cohorts of trainees have completed or are now completing their programme and we are now recruiting our 8th and final cohort of 10 – 12 students. The course will begin early in 2010 and run over an academic year. It will comprise three, two-week on-site intensive educational activities, a home based practicum and a course guided reading programme between modules. Our revised curriculum for the second four years of this Diploma course includes a new module that provides training to facilitate meeting the challenges of a growing volume of public health research on infectious diseases and the principles of public health ethics. Successful trainees will be awarded the Diploma in International Research Ethics.

Course Modules
All students will complete the following training modules:
Module 1: Research Ethics: Philosophical, Professional, and Legal Perspectives (80 hours): 1 Feb – 13 Feb 2010*
Module Directors: T Fleischer, L Doyal
Faculty: D Benatar, S Benatar, W Landman, P Roux, A van Niekerk
The purpose of this module is to examine the duties of care by which physicians and researchers seek to conduct themselves and to fashion relationships with their patients and with research subjects. The sessions will be oriented around the Declaration of Helsinki, the fountain- head document that has guided research since the end of World War 2. A basic foundation will be provided in ethical theories and methods of moral reasoning. An historical perspective will be provided on research ethics and the ethical issues that arise in the development, conduct, and dissemination of research resulting from scientific investigation. We will link concepts and standards of professionalism to legal and regulatory guidelines and rules that in turn seek to set ethical and sometimes legal standards. Among topics discussed are the history and formation of the Declaration, the doctrine of informed consent including the therapeutic misconception, conflicts of interest, law and bioethics, resource allocation and concepts of professionalism. Lectures will be complemented by illustrative cases, usually focusing on issues that arise in the context of biomedical research. The module will end with students conducting a ‘mock’ REC meeting that must decide whether several controversial research protocols meet ethical standards.

Module 2: Research on Human Subjects in a Cross-cultural Context (80 hours): 17 May – 28 May 2010*
Module Directors: L Henley, J Comaroff
Faculty: R Ashcroft, M Parker, J Comaroff, P Roux, G Tangwa
This module will include the following topics: scientific and ethical review of quantitative and qualitative research, research ethics committee structure and operation, moral decision making on RECs, informed consent, recruitment and incentives; risk; benefit analysis and minimal risk, randomized and placebo-controlled trials, research among children (including the ‘407’ process) and the decisionally impaired, and genetic and stem cell research. In addition, discussion will examine contemporary international research codes; contemporary challenges in regulating international, cross-cultural research; justice and research ethics; and harmonization of international codes. We will expect trainees to raise theoretical and practical concerns related to the interpretation and implementation of the codes, and to consider areas of conflict and agreement between various codes and perspectives. Practical issues will include policies for handling scientific misconduct, dissemination, transfer and sharing of data and tissue samples gathered in research, and responsible authorship. Discussion of these issues will focus, wherever possible, on research in developing countries, taking contextual concerns into consideration. Trainees will analyze ethical issues that arise as Western systems of medicine and science encounter African cultures. Where Western science and technology appear to clash with African worldviews, students will seek to incorporate an understanding of other cultures and the moral sensibilities of traditional Africa into their medical and ethical analysis, and to formulate an approach to bioethical issues that, where appropriate, accommodates African cultural norms, recognizing that these are not uniform throughout Africa and are in the process of evolving.

Module 3: Global Health, Public Health Ethics & Public Health Research Ethics (80 hrs): 11 Oct – 22 Oct 2010*
Module Directors: S Benatar, A Robertson
Faculty: J Lavery, R Upshur
The reduction (if not eradication) of major infectious diseases, in particular AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, in Sub-Saharan Africa is an indisputable common good. However, research-generated and public policy solutions to this catastrophic burden of disease may entail interventions that require limitations on individual liberties, such as rights to privacy and voluntary, informed participation. Similarly, threats posed by newly emerging disease such as SARS and pandemic influenza, are common harms at an international level. To better address the ethical challenges posed by infectious diseases research at the local (i.e. African) as well as global level, we aim during this module to broaden the mindset of trainees to include essential public health considerations, and ethical dilemmas in conducting public health research. The shift in focus to include ‘populations’ rather than considering only individuals will add to the thorough grounding in clinical research ethics provided in previous modules. We aim to develop trainees’ ability to identify, articulate and analyze ethical issues arising in public health research, such as vaccine development. Other topics in this module will include controversial issues in international collaborative research ethics, global health and global equity, essential national health research, and the potential of genomics and biotechnology for the health of developing countries.

Project to be agreed and completed under supervision of an IRENSA faculty member and a mentor assigned at the student's home institution.

* Above dates for 2010 may be changed. See for details.

Our highly diverse, expert faculty are drawn from the Universities of Cape Town, Stellenbosch, Toronto and Yaounde, the Ethics Institute of South Africa (EISA), University of London, Chicago University and Oxford University. The Program Director is Solomon R Benatar (Department of Medicine, Director, Bioethics Centre, UCT). The Associate Program Director is Theodore Fleischer (Faculties of Law & Medicine, Deputy Director, Bioethics Centre, UCT). Other faculty include: Richard Ashcroft (University of London), David Benatar (Philosophy & Bioethics Centre UCT), Jean Comaroff (Anthropology, University of Chicago), Len Doyal ( Medical Ethics, St Bartholomews, London), Lesley Henley (Social Sciences & Bioethics Centre, UCT), Willem Landman (Philosophy, EISA), Jim Lavery (Bioethics University of Toronto), Michael Parker (Bioethics, Oxford University), Paul Roux (Paediatrics & Bioethics Centre, UCT), Ann Robertson (Public Health Sciences University of Toronto), Godfrey Tangwa (Philosophy University of Yaounde, Cameroon), Ross Upshur (Bioethics University of Toronto), and Anton Van Niekerk (Philosophy & Centre for Applied Ethics, Stellenbosch University).

Educational Environment
Our programme will comprise a case study based, learner-centred, approach. Trainees will be guided through the process of developing case studies, presentations and papers, which draw upon their experiences, and address issues relevant to research in their home countries. Small-group learning will take place in an interdisciplinary, interactive learning environment, where sharing experiences and information foster the development of professional relationships.
Mentorship will be provided by faculty members and home institution mentors in educational and research endeavours.
Students will be encourage and assisted in networking and the assumption of positions of leadership.

Recruitment of Candidates
We are looking for mid-career professionals who have potential to provide leadership in bioethics at their home institutions and in their home countries. Consistent with the policy of the University of Cape Town, we aim for gender balance in recruitment and selection of candidates. Up to four of 12 places are assigned to candidates from southern African countries other than South Africa.

Eligibility Criteria
  • Applicants should have a background that reflects significant interest in bioethics or research ethics, broadly construed as a multidisciplinary enterprise.
  • Applicants must demonstrate evidence of scholarly ability and personal maturity. Students who have not obtained a degree at an English speaking university must fulfil relevant University of Cape Town English requirements in order to demonstrate fluency in both oral and written English. Basic computer literacy is expected.
  • Members of a Research Ethics Committee or other institutions or agencies involved in regulation and monitoring of biomedical research will be given preference.
  • Candidates should display a high likelihood that they will provide significant leadership in research ethics and bioethics in his or her home country upon completion of the Diploma programme.
  • Trainees are sought not only from health care disciplines, but also from candidates trained in other fields, such as philosophy, law, theology and social sciences. We encourage representatives of government, businesses, and NGOs who have a professional interest and involvement in some aspect of research ethics to apply.
Application Process
Applicants must submit:
  • A letter of application that includes a brief summary of the candidate’s reasons for seeking entry to the programme, together with the following:
  • Description of experience and interests that suit the applicant to the programme,
  • Description of research ethic activities, such as teaching of research ethics or membership on a Research Ethics Committee, or a position in which regulation, administration or monitoring of research activities is a primary function,
  • Indication of any special needs, and
  • Anticipated ways in which applicant intends to use the skills and expertise gained by the course of study;
  • A formal UCT Application Form (This can be downloaded from the UCT website: - On the left hand side under ‘Prospective Students’ click on ‘Post-Graduate’. At the top of the page click on ‘Application Forms’. Go to the bottom of the page and click on the link to get the Adobe Acrobat format); Choose the first bullet to get the form
Curriculum Vitae;
  • Transcripts of all academic work at a post-secondary level;
  • Two letters of recommendation certifying applicant's academic qualifications and suitability for the program;
  • Name of a qualified person who would be willing to serve as home institution mentor, if such a person can now be identified, together with a letter from the proposed mentor confirming a willingness to supervise applicant's practicum (if no such individual can now be identified, other arrangements will be made upon admission); and
  • Letter from applicant's Dean or supervisor certifying that the student will be granted leave to attend all course activities without interruption or distraction, for preparation for course work, for completion of the Practicum project at his/her home institution, and a commitment by the institution to assist to develop the student’s career in bioethics and research ethics. Students who live and work in the Cape Town area must in particular obtain a firm commitment from their Dean or supervisor that the student will have no responsibilities or duties that interfere or require absence from attendance or preparation during the three two-week training sessions at the UCT campus.
Financial Assistance
All candidates who are admitted will receive scholarships to cover the following:
  • Trainees living outside the greater Cape Town metropolitan area will receive return travel expenses (at the equivalent of economy air fare) from their home institutions to Cape Town for attendance at the three two-week course sessions;
  • All trainees receive their full tuition fees for the Diploma course;
  • Candidates living outside the greater Cape Town metropolitan area will receive a stipend of approximately R10,000 to cover temporary accommodation for 3 X 2 week periods of on-site participation;
  • All trainees receive a subsistence allowance of about R1,200 per week of on-site attendance in Cape Town.
  • Foreign students will be reimbursed their visa costs and single health insurance coverage for the time they spend in South Africa.
Deadline for Application
The final deadline for applications is 30 September 2009.
Because we expect to receive many more applications than we can accept, we encourage early submission of applications and all accompanying information. We intend to select and notify successful candidates by early November 2009.

For further information and updates on the programme schedule, please see IRENSA website: or contact:

Joy Hunter
Secretary to Prof SR Benatar
[email protected]

Dr Theodore Fleischer
Associate Director
[email protected]

Tel: (021) 406 6115
Fax: (021) 448 5653

Funded by the Fogarty International Center of the US National Institutes of Health

Info source: 

Diploma Flyer - 4WARD DESIGN

Job opportunities with UN-Habitat in Nairobi, Kenya.

This list is availabe at UN-Habitat's website via this link:

There are a total of 18 jobs in this list. Click on the highlighted words to open the corresponding job details, the link will take you to the original website.
  1. Administrative Assistant, G/6 (Nairobi), Deadline: 21 Aug 2009
  2. Human Settlements Officer, P/4 (New York), Deadline: 14 Sep 2009
  3. Human Settlements Officer, P/4 (Nairobi), Deadline: 14 Sep 2009
  4. Programme Management Officer, P/3 (Nairobi), Deadline: 14 Sep 2009
  5. Programme Management Officer, P/3 (Multiple D/S), Deadline: 14 Sep 2009
  6. Legal Officer, P/3 (Nairobi), Deadline: 14 Sep 2009
  7. Director, Global Division, D/2 (Nairobi), Deadline: 13 Sep 2009
  8. Director, Human Settlements Financing Division, D/2 (Nairobi), Deadline: 13 Sep 2009
  9. Chief, State of Cities Section, P/5 (Nairobi), Deadline: 08 Sep 2009
  10. Head Urban Development Branch, D/1 (Nairobi), Deadline: 31 Aug 2009
  11. Human Settlements Officer, P/4 (Rio de Janeiro), Deadline: 23 Aug 2009
  12. Human Settlements Officer, P/4 (Nairobi), Deadline: 23 Aug 2009
  13. Human Settlements Officer, P/4 (Bangkok), Deadline: 23 Aug 2009
  14. Programme Management Officer, P/4 (Nairobi), Deadline: 16 Aug 2009
  15. Head of Design and Publications, P/3 (Nairobi), Deadline: 14 Aug 2009
  16. Human Settlements Officer (Disaster Management Specialist), P/3 (Nairobi), Deadline: 03 Aug 2009
  17. Programme Officer (Resource Mobilization), P/4 (Nairobi), Deadline: 07 Aug 2009
  18. Human Settlements Officer, P/4 (Nairobi), Deadline: 07 Aug 2009

Master and Doctor Scholarships in S.Africa

— These scholarships are made available to students who are in possession of at least an honours degree, and wish to obtain a masters or doctoral degree in the health sciences.
— Preference will be given to candidates who will undertake their research under supervision of MRC-funded researchers.
Prospective applicants must be South African citizens or in possession of a permanent residence permit issued by the government department concerned.

Application forms and further information may be obtainable from the university administrative office or Research Administration Division at the MRC.

The closing date for applications is 30 September.

The closing date of individual institutions will be considerably earlier than this date.

Applicants are therefore advised to ascertain the applicable closing date from their respective institution.

Applications must be submitted through the university where the studies will be undertaken, and not directly to the MRC.

Closing Date:
Applications must be returned to the Postgraduate Funding Office by no later than the 31st August 2009 for onward forwarding to the MRC.

For further information, please contact Paula Foley or Sacey-Lee Harrison.

Tel: (021) 650-5075; email: [email protected]

Download the original annoucement here:

Mellon Postdoctoral Fellowships

Application for Mellon Fellowships - Deadline October 15

With the generous support of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Dartmouth is pleased to accept applications for two postdoctoral fellowships in the humanities and humanistic social sciences for the 2010-2012 academic years. These fellowships foster the academic careers of scholars who have recently received their Ph.D. degrees, by permitting them to pursue their research while gaining mentored experience as teachers and members of the departments and/or programs in which they are housed. The program also benefits Dartmouth by complementing existing curricula with underrepresented fields.

Applicants must focus on materials customarily associated with research in the humanities or employ methods common in humanistic research. This year, we shall not be accepting applications in, at least, the following areas/disciplines: Anthropology, Art History, Film & Media Studies, and Music.

Terms of appointment
Fellows are expected to teach two courses in their home department(s) or program(s) in each year of their residency. At least one of the four courses should contribute something new to the Dartmouth curriculum, and at least one should be an introductory lecture course. Fellows will not, however, be asked to teach basic language courses.

Fellows appointed will enjoy full use of such college resources as the library, computing center, the Leslie Center for the Humanities, Rockefeller Center for Public Policy and the Social Sciences, the Dickey Center for International Understanding, the Hood Museum of Art, and the Hopkins Center. The 2009–2011 Fellow receives an annual stipend of $51,500 plus benefits, an annual research allowance of $2,000, and a first-year only computer allowance of $2,500. The terms for the 2010–2012 fellows will be similar.

Application and selection process
Applicants for the 2010–2012 fellowships must have completed a Ph.D. no earlier than January 1, 2008. Candidates who do not yet hold a Ph.D. but expect to by June 30, 2010 should supply a letter from their home institution corroborating such a schedule.

Applications (hardcopy only) for the 2010–2012 fellowships must be received in the Administrator's office before October 15, 2009. Incomplete dossiers will not be reviewed. In addition to a completed application form, three letters of reference, a CV, and relevant academic official transcripts, candidates should submit a personal statement (of no longer than 2,000 words) outlining their completed research (including dissertation), work in progress, professional goals and plans for publication, and any other information relevant to their candidacy.

Fellowship applications and departmental requests to house a fellow will be evaluated by the Leslie Center's Advisory Committee, in consultation with the Associate Deans of the Faculty for the Arts & Humanities, Social Sciences, and Interdisciplinary & International Programs. Strong fellowship applications will be circulated to relevant departments and programs, which will then be invited to apply for one of the candidates. Departments and programs will be expected to justify requests for a fellow by detailing the benefits expected from, and afforded to, that fellow, and by indicating how the fellow might contribute something new, or currently lacking, to the intellectual life of the college. There is no requirement that the fellows be U.S. citizens, but the Mellon Foundation does want to see the fellowships awarded to individuals who seem likely to make their careers in the United States.

Should you have questions, please direct them to [email protected]

All application materials and other correspondence should be addressed to:

The Administrator
Mellon Postdoctoral Fellowships
Dartmouth College
Leslie Center for the Humanities
6240 Haldeman Center Room 263
Hanover, NH 03755

Information source:

"Mwendawazimu" Anney Anney apelekwa kwa Pilato

Hii picha aliipiga bro Msimbe wa Lukwangule Ent. siku chache zilizopita. Leo mambo yamekuwa si mambo, soma habari yake hapo chini

Raia wa Irak kizimbani kwa kuwakashifu Mwinyi, Mkapa

Raia wa Irak, Anney Anney (59), amefikishwa katika Mahakama ya Wilaya ya Ilala, jijini Dar es Salaam kujibu shtaka la kutoa maneno ya uchochezi yenye hisia za kusababisha uvunjifu wa amani. Anadaiwa kutoa maeno hayo wakati akiwakashifu viongozi wastaafu wa Tanzania.

Mshtakiwa huyo alifikishwa mahakamani hapo jana na kusomewa mashtaka na Mrakibu wa Polisi, Naima Mwanga, mbele ya Hakimu Samwel Maweda.

Mrakibu Mwanga alidai kuwa Julai 23, mwaka huu katika eneo la Ikulu jijini Dar es Salaam, na kuanza kumshutumu Rais Mstaafu wa Serikali ya Awamu ya pili, Ali Hassan Mwinyi, akisema aliuza Azimio la Arusha.

Aliendelea kudai kuwa kana kwamba haitoshi, mshtakiwa huyo alimshutumu Rais Mstaafu wa Awamu ya tatu, Benjamin Mkapa, akisema aliuza mashirika ya umma na ardhi ya wananchi wa Tanzania kwa waarabu na wazungu bila kujali utu na utaifa. Mwendesha mashataka huyo aliongeza kudai kuwa mshtakiwa huyo baada ya kuwakashifu viongozi hao, alihitimisha kwa kutoa maeneo ambayo pia yanaweza kusababisha vurugu na uchochezi nchini pale alisema: “Udumu ujamaa na kujitegemeana, zidumu fikra za Mwalimu Nyerere."

Vilevile Mwanga alidai mshtakiwa huyo katika matamshi yake alidai Rais Jakaya Kikwete amekuwa analinda ardhi ya Watanzania, utaifa na uzalendo.

Mshtakiwa huyo alikana mashtaka hayo na kupelekwa rumande baada ya kushindwa kutekeleza masharti ya dhamana. Kesi hiyo itatajwa tena Agosti 10, mwaka huu.

News: Tanzania port’s offer to Uganda sent threats to Kenya

Biashara hiyo. Mteja ameshaonesha nia. Kazi nje nje. Sijui tunatakaje tena...
So when officials of Mombasa Port’s main regional rival, the Tanzanian Ports Authority (TPA) visited Uganda mid July on a mission to divert transit goods from Mombasa to Daresalaam, KPA officials took notice.

The Tanzanian’s have undertaken to improve both their rail network and road infrastructure and the recent announcement by the Chinese to fund them to develop further their transport infrastructure is likely to worry the more the Kenyans. Tanzania has several advantages over the Kenyans including a stable political atmosphere, low costs of cargo handling and less non tariff barriers.

Gagawala Nelson Wambuzi the Uganda state minister for trade told The Independent, “We are developing the central route because it’s the original trading route way back to the time of the explorers. The northern corridor to the port of Mombasa was built to develop the port of Mombasa. Rail transport and construction through Tanzania is cheaper because there is no rift valley. Its plain land and trains can attain faster speeds than through the northern corridor to Mombasa .We already have the Germans, Americans, Japanese, Chinese and Indians all expressing interest in developing the central corridor. The whole development will be done under the private public partnerships (PPP).

“It takes a month for goods to arrive from Mombasa because of its congestion and here we are looking at the ports of Tanga and Dar es Salaam which are not congested and have a low capacity thereby making them efficient. Today we are not importing goods but efficiency and time. We have to arrive in the markets early, clear and clean. That is what modern business is all about,” he said.
Read the uncut story as written in The Independent of Uganda