Success, Shortfalls, Lessons from BVR in Wanging’ombe


Following the demographic changes and technical inadequacies in 2015 Tanzania introduced the use of Biometric Voters Registration system to replace the old OMR system. The intention is to see that not only election processes are free and fair but also efficient and effective. In that course Njombe was the first Region in Tanzania to receive the new technology. According to National Electoral Commission timetable other regions will follow in batches with, as expected, better experience than Njombe because of lessons learnt from there.

TEMCO (Tanzania Election Monitoring Committee) through its observers had the opportunity to follow-up the Voters Registration processes in the Region, covering its all four districts: Makete, Ludewa, Njombe, and Wanging’ombe. CCT being a member TEMCO was there as well, in charge of observing the process for 21 days in all eight wards of Wanging’ombe district.

Wanging’ombe district is one of the four districts and one among the six councils of Njombe Region. Wanging’ombe district was established when it was gazetted on March 2012 in Njombe. It was created out of old Njombe district in 1st July 2013.The district shares border with Makambako Town council, and Njombe district on the East, Iringa region on the North and Njombe town council on the South and Makete district on the west. The administrative seat is in Igwachanya along Makambako-Mbeya road. Wanging’ombe district is divided into 3 divisions, 20 wards and 98 villages. These wards includes Uhambule, Ilembula, Usuka, Igwachanya, Igima, Wangama, Kijombe,Saja, Mdandu, Kipengele, Kidugala, Makoga, Luguda etc. Since it is a new district there are few Government offices some of the essentials offices like district executive director offices, District council offices, are still located in Njombe district council. Wanging’ombe District council is generally dominated by mountains, valleys and hills which make it difficult for transport and communication, and the highest mountains are Kipengere mountain ranges in the southern part of this district.

In essence the process of registration involves raising awareness, educating the public, recruiting and training of personnel, and registration itself; in brief. In general term each of these steps were done in Wanging’ombe but in a very limited manner.

Personnel

The voter registration personnel were recruited from among the district’s civil servants. The recruited twenty personnel were trained for two days 6th and 7th of February2015 by 5 facilitators before being assigned tasks as Voter Registration Officers; that is the election officers, District facilitators and Ward facilitators. Next on 13th and 14th March 2015 BVR kit operators and Voter Registration Clarks were trained as well. The basic qualifications of the voter registration personnel officers were, being a civil servant, computer literate and residence within Wanging’ombe district.

Unfortunately during the training it was said there were 10 BVR kits for 272 voter registration personnel. The ratio of 1:27. Moreover time for training proved well below the minimum as there many things to be covered and practiced. This rendered the whole training process insufficient. Also not all who received the training were recruited for the process. It was then stated that others were to be deployed later on but the promise did not come true. Consequently as the staff were inadequate, they had to rotate from one place to another.

Voter Education & Awareness

According to the sensitivity of the issue many players contributed in raising awareness and educating the public. Not left behind were church leaders, politicians, FBOs and government leaders.

Since Christianity is the dominant religion this district the religious leaders played a significant role in providing voter education during Sunday services, despite starting doing so lately. Most churches decided to educate congregations as a response to low turn up after registration had already began. This effort was coupled by press releases and pastoral letters by CCT, TEC and CPCT on the same issue of voter registrations. All press releases from the mentioned organizations urged believers to make sure that they are registered through the BVR.

Also political parties particularly CCM and CHADEMA campaigned by singing on 15/03/2015 and 16th /03/2015 at Ilembula ward. However they were demanded to stop immediately by the election officers as it seemed they influenced registration on the basis of their political interests. In some villages villagers were reached through village assemblies and door to door outreaches.

It was found that poor preparation by NEC, limited resources, limited access to electronic and print media; and geographical constraints poised significant challenge in reaching people in the area. Therefore because of such challenges the whole exercise of raising awareness and educating the public was hampered, and eventually the whole exercise of Voters Registration.

Now that the system in use is biometric, it means registration is done through recording human body characteristics. In this particular registration only finger prints, digitized signature and facial picture were recorded.

Kits were distributed across all wards and villages of the district.

Success in Wanging’ombe


The process in Wanging’ombe was generally successful, in the sense that people were registered as it was originally intended. Despite many challenges the district registered more than double of the expected number.

Moreover the limited resources, especially human resources were stretched to make the ends meet. This can be considered as a genuine commitment of the appointed personnel to see that the Voters database becomes a reality.

Despite beating by police of some observers by TACCEO in Makambako, the process was very peaceful and the society was very receptive and flexible. Especially when we look at their willingness to use churches, hospital, political party offices and schools for registration. They could otherwise deny to let their churches be used, or some could have considered using political party offices as politicization of the process. It is very impressive that the society held onto the bigger picture, and put aside their differences; at least to a healthy extent.


Shortfalls in Wanging’ombe
  • Lack of means of verification. There was no mechanism to prove the age of the voters, which means persons younger than 18 could be registered. Also there was no means to verify citizenship of registered persons. The later may not be a really challenge for places like Wanging’ombe, but it is potentially very problematic for districts bordering other countries.
  • Double registration is very possible as the BVR kits are not inter-connected in real time making it possible for double registration. It was not known as to how double registrations will be handled when kits are synchronized with the central database in Dares salaam. The concern is this may lead to public discontentment and protests, unless the mechanism for handling double registrations are well known not only by technical people, but the public at large.
  • Lack of thorough preparations: This was very evident especially in terms of preparations that were made in office, in Dar es Salaam without taking into account practical facts of areas concerned. For instance at Uhenga ward four centres were located very close to one another, while other villages like Ipwani with a huge population had no voter registration centres at all; especially if you take into account absence of commuters in such areas. Also delay in information and fire-fighting mode of operations suggest that NEC could have done better. Awkwardly, some places were badly misspelt leading to discontents among villagers.
  • Limited competence of registration personnel: It is obvious that two days training could not give the personnel adequate knowledge and skills for the task they were being assigned. This made the whole exercise prone to human error and mismanagement of kits. Moreover by proper training downtime could be minimized by equipping the personnel with a few maintenance tips.
  • Registrants’ weaknesses: This is not about NEC per se yet it is a challenge it could have foreseen, anyway. There were observed people whose finger prints are so distorted such that the scanning tool could not make sense of it! Well the solution for them was to consider them as disabled. Some other people were illiterate, and therefore it was difficult for them to put down a digitized signature. Even if some others managed to sign once it was difficult for them to repeat the same signature, for instance a signature in the form vs the other on the digital input. Eventually the exercise took longer than expected. In areas with high population density like Dar es Salaam this may lead to long queues and grumbling. In extreme cases some others could not remember their birthdates!
  • There were other challenges, of course; like political interests, interference of other government activities like TASAF, miscommunications e.t.c.

Lessons from Wanging’ombe

CCT has learnt many lessons through the Wanging’ombe experience. These are potential areas of growth for NEC.
  1. Technical Preparation: Technical preparations are critically important in order to push make the exercise a success. All plans from positioning of centres to training must be done with maximum precision. Thorough planning will ensure that resources are efficiently utilized and execution is effective. Moreover the most essential part about planning is not money but attention to details. For instance issues on misspelling names, or poor distribution among centres are indicators that someone somewhere was not keen to their responsibilities.
  2. Preparing people: Registration can be much easier if people are prepared and educated. This will help people understand the importance of the exercise and why they should register. NEC can work with existing social structures to see that sensitization for the exercise is done, down to the grassroots.
  3. We can have confidence on our public: We have learnt that Tanzania public is still aspiring for betterment and stability of our country. If all malign agents will be kept at bay there is every reason to hope that Tanzanians love their country, and they are willing to do their best to see that the country flourishes. This means that politicians and instruments of the state should not interfere with the exercise, instead NEC should be left to handle the process.
  4. BVR kits are not enough: If the exercise will be conducted in other places at the rate it was done in Njombe region then it will be difficult to meet the deadline. The government must resolve to invest in BVR kits such that even one goes down there should be another available for replacement while repair of the former is underway.

Mapitio ya magazeti katika Tv Aprili 30, 2015






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Mkurugenzi wa Uzalishaji na Vipindi Clouds Media Group,Ruge Mutahaba akizungumza jambo na Mkuu wa Kitengo cha Idara ya Uchambuzi wa viwango Afrika Mashariki,Bwana Jawad Jaffer.



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Wanazuoni wajadili demokrasia ya vyama vingi Tanzania


Dk. Benson Bana wa Chuo Kikuu cha Dar es Salaam ambaye amebobea katika masuala ya siasa amewataka wadau wa siasa na wananchi kwa ujumla kuzuia uvunjifu wa amani kuelekea uchaguzi mkuu kwa kufuata Sheria na kutobeza mamlaka.

Dk Bana alisema hayo jana akijibu swali la msimamizi wa mdahalo wenye lengo la kuimarisha demokrasia ya vyama vingi ulioandaliwa na Msajili wa Vyama vya siasa kwa ufadhili wa UNDP, Profesa Bernadetta Killian.

Profesa Killian alitaka kujua baada ya maelezo ya awali ya Dk Bana juu ya mtazamo wake kuhusu ukuaji wa demokrasia ya vyama vingi nchini Tanzania , nini kinastahili kufanya kuepuka uvunjifu wa amani hasa katika muda huu ambapo viashiria vipo.

Dk Bana alisema kama watu hawatafuata utamaduni wa vyama vingi, utamaduni wa kufuata sheria na kutobeza mamlaka, taifa litaingia katika machafuko.

Alisema watu kama wanaona wanaonewa wanatakiwa kufuata taratibu na kama taratibu hizo zinaonekana ni tatizo bado wanatakiwa kuwa na subira na kuondoa taratibu hizo zenye matatizo kwa kufuata utaratibu.

Katika shauri hilo la viashiria vya mizozo Profesa Rugumamu, aliyebobea katika masuala ya kutanzua mizozo aliihimiza Ofisi ya Msajili wa vyama vya siasa kutengeneza mfumo wa utambuzi wa viashiria vya hatari (early warning) ili iweze kukabiliana navyo mapema.

Akizungumzia kama Tanzania ni nchi ya demokrasia Dk. Bana alisema kwamba kuna maendeleo makubwa yamepatikana tangu mtindo wa vyama vingi kuingia nchini miaka 23 iliyopita.

Alisema demokrasia haijengwi kwa siku moja, ina safari ndefu yenye milima na mabonde na wakati mwingine watu wasifike.
Jaji Francis Mtungi akifungua mkutano wa wadau wa siasa wa uimarishaji demokrasia ya vyama vingi.

Mkurugenzi wa Mkazi wa Shirika Maendeleo la Umoja wa Mataifa UNDP, Philippe Poinsot akizungumza na wawakilishi wa vyama mbalimbali vya siasa na kiraia katika mkutano huo.

Aidha alisisitiza kwamba demokrasia sio suala jepesi, lakini watanzania wanastahili kujivuna kwa hatuha waliyofikia katika mambo mbalimbali ambayo hata mataifa mengine ya Ulaya hayajafikia.

Alisema mwaka 1994 wakati taifa linaingia katika vyama vingi taifa lilikuwa na vyama 13 kwa ajili ya uchaguzi wa mwaka 1995 lakini sasa tunapozungumza kuna vyama 22 vyenye usajili wa kudumu, wigo wa kuwania dola ukiwa umetanuka zaidi.

Pia alisema mafanikio mengine ni namna ambavyo vyombo vya habari vina nafasi kubwa ya kuandika inavyoona sawa, japo kumekuwa na tukio la kufungiwa kwa gazeti la Mwanahalisi, Mtanzania na Mwananchi, lakini kadhia hizo haziondoi ukweli kuwa kumekuwepo na uhuru mkubwa wa vyombo vya habari.
Alisema taifa hili halina sababu ya kuomba radhi kwa mafanikio yaliyopo na changamoto zake katika siasa kwani uelewa katika masuala ya siasa unazidi kutanuka.

Alisema pamoja na mafanikio hayo bado kuna mapungufu mengi hasa ya kutokuwa na utamaduni wa vyama vingi, utamaduni unaoambatana na vyama kuwa na aidolojia (itikadi), kukosekana kwa lugha za kistaarabu katika majukwaa ya siasa na hata mitafaruku ya ndani ya kivyama.

Alisema kutanuka kwa wigo wa ushiriki wa kuwania dola (vyama vingi vya siasa) kunatakiwa kwenda sanjari na kujenga utamaduni huo wa kuimarisha ustawi wa utamaduni wa vyama vingi.

Alisema pia kuna haja ya kuimarishwa kwa taasisi zinazosaidia utamaduni huo kama Tume huru ya Uchaguzi, Bunge na hata mfumo wa utawala ambapo wakuu wa mikoa na wilaya wasiwe katika hali ya kikada bali wale wanaoweza kutekeleza majukumu yanayostahili katika maeneo yao.

Aidha alisema kwamba vyama vingi vya siasa vinafanyakazi ya uanaharakati badala ya kuwa na itikadi ya kuifuata .

Alizungumzia pia haja ya vyama vya upinzani kujivunja na kuanzisha chama kimoja na kutengeneza mkakati wa kutwaa dola huku akisema muungano wa Ukawa kwa sasa una mushkeri zaidi badala ya kusaidia kujiandaa kutwaa dola.

Katika mdahalo huo ambao ulielezwa na Msajili wa vyama vya Siasa jaji Francis Mutungi, si mkusanyiko wa kufanya kampeni ya uchaguzi bali jukumu la ofisi ya msajili hasa kuelekea uchaguzi mkuu, washiriki wake pia walielezwa changamoto za siasa za vyama vingi.

Profesa Rugumamu alisema kwamba katika tafiti aliyoifanya yeye na wenzake katika nchi 15 za bara la Afrika wamekumbana na changamoto takribani saba ambazo ni kikwazo katika kupata na kukuza utamaduni wa demokrasia ya vyama vingi.

Profesa Ruth Meena akizungumzia ushiriki wa kijinsia katika demokrasia ya vyama vingi.
Miongoni mwa changamoto hizo ni vyama vikongwe na utamaduni wake kushindwa kuainisha kati ya mamlaka ya dola na vyama vyenyewe, kuwepo kwa vyama vya kikanda na kidini katika kipindi cha mpito katika demokrasia ya vyama vingi, wanasiasa kubadili katiba waendelee kutawala, vyama na wanachama kutojua haki na wajibu wao kutokana na kutofundishwa uraia tangu awali.

Pia alizungumza uadui unaojijenga kwa nchi ambazo zimetoka vitani na uanzishaji wa makundi ya ulinzi ya vyama ambavyo husababisha mitafaruku wakati wa uchaguzi au kwenye uchaguzi na matumizi ya fedha yasiyojulikana kwa ama kukosa sheria au sheria kuwapo na watu kutoizingatia.

Alisema dosari zote hizo zinatikisa ujenzi wa utamaduni wa demokrasia ya vyama vingi.

Awali akimkaribisha Jaji Mutungi kufungua mkutano huo Mkurugenzi wa UNDP nchini, Philippe Poinsot alisema Umoja wa mataifa umefurahishwa kwa wadau wa siasa nchini Tanzania kuwa na mazungumzo yenye lengo la kustawisha amani kuelekea uchaguzi na kutengeneza mfumo wa majadiliano kama kukiwepo na kutokuelewana.

Alisema mkutano huo walioufadhili ni sehemu ya makubaliano ya Ofisi ya Msajili na UNDP kupitia mradi wake wa kuimarisha demokrasia (DEP) yenye kulenga kujenga uwezo na kuimarisha demokrasia ya vyama vingi na kuleta maelewano ndani ya vyama na kitaifa wakati nchi inaelekea katika uchaguzi mkuu.

Alisema ni matumaini yake kwamba mkutano huo utatengeneza mustakabari bora wa Tanzania kuwa na uchaguzi huru na wa amani.

Alisema kutokana na ushindani, uchaguzi unaweza kuleta matata kwa hiyo ni vyema kama wadau wataliangalia hilo na kuona namna ya kutanzua matata ili taifa libaki na amani na kusonga mbele katika maeneo yote ya jamii.

Naye Jaji Mutungi aliwaasa washiriki kutambua kwamba hakuna sababu ya kukamiana na kukomoana miongoni mwa vyama vya siasa kwani wote wanajenga nyumba moja na kimsingi hawana sababu ya kugombania fito.

Alitaka wadau kucheza mchezo wa siasa kwa maridhiano ili wasibomoe misingi ya amani ya taifa na mafanikio yake.

Alisema lengo la mkutano huo ni kuweka sawa dhana ya demokrasia ya vyama vingi na kutafuta majibu ya changamoto zinazokabili pasipo kuvunja amani ya nchi.



Msimamizi wa mdahalo Prof Bernadetta Killian.





Dk Benson Bana akizungumzia demokrasia ya vyama vingi.




Jaji Mutungi akiteta jambo na Mkurugenzi UNDP, Bw. Poinsot.



Jopo la wanazuoni kuanzia kulia Dk Bana, Profesa Meena, Profesa Rugumamu na mwishoni ni msimamizi wa mdahalo Prof Bernadetta Killian.



Profesa Rugumamu akizungumza.



Washiriki wa mkutano wakijadiliana.



Wanamdahalo wakiwa makini.

Ardhi University - DAAD In-Country/In-Region Postgraduate Scholarship

Advertisement for DAAD In-Country/In-Region Postgraduate Scholarship Programme 


Ardhi University has been offered scholarship support under the DAAD In-Country/In-Region Scholarship Programme for a period of three years. The first year of the Scholarship Programme for the 2015/16 academic year will commence in October 2015. A total of eight (8) scholarships, four (4) for Masters and four (4) for PhD will be offered during the 2015/16 academic year. Eligibility: For PhD scholarships, staff members of public or private universities or candidates considered for teaching or research staff recruitment are eligible to apply for the scholarships. The scholarships will be offered at Ardhi University in the following fields:

1. Architecture

2. Construction Economics

3. Disaster Risk Management

4. Environmental Technology and Management

5. Geomatics

6. Public Policy and Programme analysis 

Only applicants who qualify for admission in the above fields will be considered. 

Duration and commencement: Scholarships are available for duration of up to a maximum of two years for Masters Programmes and three years for PhD programmes starting from October 2015. 

Equal opportunities: Female candidates and candidates from less privileged regions or groups as well as candidates with disabilities are especially encouraged to apply. 

Relevance to development: PhD applicants should submit proposals, which must demonstrate relevance to development priorities. All submitted proposals will be subjected to a plagiarism test. 

Application Procedure and Deadline: Copies of application documents containing filled Application Forms for Admission including all supporting documents indicated in the Ardhi University application forms and filled DAAD Application Forms and all additional documents specified in the DAAD

Information Sheet for Scholars must be submitted to Ardhi University in both hard and soft copies. All submissions should be addressed to the following address:

Director, Postgraduate Studies Research and Publications,
Ardhi University,
P.O. Box 35176,
DAR ES SALAAM.


Soft copies should be sent to [email protected] In addition, a soft copy of complete application must be sent to DAAD ([email protected]).

All applications should reach the office of Director of Postgraduate Studies, Research and Publications of ARU and DAAD by 30th May, 2015

Application documents including forms can be downloaded from www.aru.ac.tz under ARU-DAAD Scholarships.

Deputy Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs

Ushauri wa Prof. Mbele kwa waandishi wanaochipukia


Mara kwa mara, ninapata ujumbe kutoka kwa waandishi chipukizi wa Tanzania wakiniomba ushauri kuhusu masuala ya uandishi, uchapishaji, na uuzaji wa vitabu. Ninafurahi kuwapa ushauri wowote ninaoweza, kutokana na uzoefu wangu. 

Ninataka wafanikiwe. Kwa mfano, ninajisikia vizuri ninapoona mafanikio ya mwandishi chipukizi Bukola Oriola kutoka Nigeria, ambaye anaonekana nami pichani hapa kushoto. Nilisoma katika gazeti hapa Minnesota kuwa alikuwa na mswada, ila hakujua afenyeje ili kuuchapisha. Niliona ni lazima nimsaidie.

Ingawa hatukuwa tunafahamiana, nilimwandikia na kumweleza kuwa nilikuwa tayari kumsaidia kuchapisha kitabu chake, bila usumbufu wala gharama. Tulipanga siku, akaja ofisini kwangu, nikamwelekeza namna ya kutumia tekinolojia ya uchapishaji mtandaoni kwenye tovuti ya lulu.

Kitabu alichapisha, Imprisoned: The Travails of a Trafficked Victim, ambacho kimechangia kumpa umaarufu hapa Minnesota. Anaalikuwa kutoa mihadhara; anahojiwa katika televisheni, na anaendesha kipindi chake cha televisheni. Kila ninaposoma habari zake au ninapomwona katika televisheni napata raha moyoni kwa kuwa nimechangia mafanikio yake.

Hao waandishi chipukizi wa Tanzania nao napenda wafanikiwe. Nawaambia kuwa, pamoja na kuandika kama ninavyoandika, ninajielimisha kuhusu uandishi, uchapishaji, na uuzaji vitabu, kwa kununua na kusoma vitabu. Nao wafanye hivyo hivyo.

Nawaambia kuwa yale ninayojifunza nawafundisha wengine, katika maandishi yangu, kama vile kitabu cha CHANGAMOTO: Insha za Jamii, na katika blogu hii ya hapakwetu. Hakuna jambo ambalo nalijua ambalo sijalianika hadharani, liwafaidie wengine.

Juzi, nimepata ujumbe kutoka Tanzania, kwa mwandishi chipukizi mwingine. Ameniuliza nini cha kufanya, kwani amekuwa akiandika sana, na watu wanapenda maandishi yake, ila hajachapisha kitabu, kwa sababu hana uwezo. Nimemwambia kuwa itabidi tuwasiliane siku za usoni, kwa vile masuali yake ni mengi. Lakini, kwa vile anataka ushauri wangu, aanze kwa kusoma kitabu cha CHANGAMOTO: Insha za Jamii na pia blogu yangu.

Nimemwambia kuwa ni lazima awe msomaji sana wa vitabu, kama nilivyosema katika blogu hii. Nakumbuka fundisho ambalo mwandishi Ernest Hemingway alimpa kijana mwandishi chipukizi aliyemwulizia ushauri. Hemingway alimwambia kuwa ni lazima asome vitabu vyote muhimu vilivyowahi kuandikwa, ili atambue mtihani ulio mbele yake wa kushindana na waandishi wale.

Kwa waandishi chipukizi wa Tanzania, napenda kuzingatia ushauri huo wa Hemingway. Wasome maandishi ya waandishi maarufu. Kama wana ndoto ya kuwa washairi, wasome Hamziya, Al Inkishafi, Utendi wa Mwana Kupona, Diwani ya Muyaka bin Haji al-Ghassaniy, Utendi wa Ras il Ghuli, Utendi wa Masahibu, Utendi wa Ngamia na Paa, mashairi ya Shaaban Robert, ya Gora Haji Gora, na kadhalika. Kama wanataka kuandika riwaya, wasome maandishi ya Shaaban Robert, Shafi Adam Shafi, Said A. Mohamed, Euphrase Kezilahabi, na kadhalika. Kwa juhudi hizi, waandishi chipukizi watajipatia ufahamu wa kuwawezesha kuandika kazi zitakazodumu kihistoria.

Warsha: Umuhimu wa Mwanaume katika familia


A minute of silence by SADC in honor of late Brigadier Mbita

President of Zimbabwe and Chairman of Southern Africa Development Community (SADC), H.E Robert Mugabe looks sad following the death of Brigadier Hashim Mbita. Before, He led the Summit to observe a minute of silence in honor of Brig. Mbita, President Mugabe outlined major contributions that the late Brig. Mbita made in the liberation struggle of African Continent.

Heads of State and Government of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), meeting in Harare, Zimbabwe, today paid glowing tribute to the late Brigadier General Hashim Mbita.

The SADC Chairman, President Robert Mugabe, led the Summit in observing a minute of silence in honour of Brigadier Mbita, who was the Executive Secretary of the OAU Liberation Committee for nearly two decades from 1974.

"He supriintended the programme of all liberation groups (from Southern Africa) in Tanzania. He oversaw the formation and organization of the groups, sourcing of materials, programme of training and deployment," recalled Predident Mugabe, who was a beneficiary.

He said they received the news of Brigadier Mbita's passing with "a deep sense of sorrow."

During the last SADC Summit in August, President Mugabe awarded Brigadier Mbita the highest national honour of Zimbabwe, "The Order of Munhumutapa" and 100,000 US dollars for his contribution to the liberation of that country as well as Mozambique, Angola, Namibia, Cape Verde and South Africa.

Vice President of the United Republic of Tanzania, Dr. Mohamed Gharib Bilal (red tie) with his delegation observe a minute of silence in honor of late Brig. Mbita.

  • Story, Photos by Foreign Ministry of Tanzania Staff 

BoT yazungumzia yanayosemwa kuhusu sarafu ya Sh 500/=


Asilimia 94 ya madini katika sarafu ya sh. 500 ni chuma na asilimia 6 ni Nickel, ameeleza Mkurugenzi wa Huduma za Kibenki katika Benki Kuu ya Tanzania, Bw. Marcian Kobello. 

Pia ndivyo ilivyoelezwa wakati wa uzinduzi wa sarafu hii mnamo mwezi Septemba mwaka jana kabla haijaingizwa katika mzunguko mwezi Oktoba 2014.

Bw. Kobello amesema hadi sasa sarafu zenye thamani ya sh. 1,162,000,000/- zimekwisha sambazwa kote nchini na kwamba kuna kiasi cha kutosha cha sarafu hiyo endapo itahitajika.

“Hakuna kabisa madini ya fedha katika sarafu ya sh. 500,” amesema Bw. Kobello na kuongeza kuwa haitegemewi kwamba mfanyabiashara yeyote anaweza kununua sarafu hiyo kwa bei ya juu kuliko thamani yake halisi.

“Kwa hiyo, tunapenda kuwafahamisha wananchi kwamba kuna kiasi cha kutosha cha sarafu za sh. 500 nchini na kwamba kununua sarafu hiyo kwa bei ya juu kuliko thamani yake ni kujiingizia hasara,” ameeleza mkurugenzi huyo.

Pia ameongeza kuwa Nickel sio miongoni mwa madini maarufu kwa ajili ya kutengeneza vidani vya thamani.

Imetolewa na Idara ya Uhusiano wa Umma na Itifaki
Aprili 29, 2015.


Yanga yakanusha taarifa za kuwanunulia nyumba wachezaji


Pichani ni Mwanasheria wa Yanga, Frank Chacha akionyesha gazeti lililoandika habari za kununuliwa nyumba kwa wachezaji wa timu hiyo ambazo uongozi wa klabu hiyo umesema si za kweli. Aliyepo kushoto kwake ni Msemaji wa Yanga, Jerry Muro wakati walipozungumza na waandishi wa habari jijini Dar es Salaam kukanusha taarifa hizo.

Aides deny Clinton's plane landing in Tanzania was emergency

R-L: President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete of Tanzania speaking to the 42nd President of the United States of America, Bill Clinton in the State House in Dar es Salaam, on April 28, 2015.

A CBS report that said former President Bill Clinton's plane had made an emergency landing in Tanzania was untrue, aides to Clinton told CNN and ABC News.

According to NBC, there were minor issues with the plane, but not ones that prompted an emergency landing:

Per NBC's @Chapmanbell, pilots shut down 1 of 4 engines on Bill Clinton's plane, prompting landing in Tanzania, but no big deal. Continued.
— Alex Seitz-Wald (@aseitzwald) April 29, 2015

Earlier CBS reported the following:

A plane carrying former President Bill Clinton made an unscheduled landing in Tanzania Wednesday after a problem with one of the plane's four engines was identified, CBS News has learned.

The engine was repaired, and the aircraft was on the ground at the Dodoma fueling station less than 45 minutes before taking off again.

Clinton was traveling in the East African nation to visit projects that have been funded by his family's foundation.

The plane is a Canadian turboprop Dash 7 and was traveling from Iranga, a city in the center of Tanzania, to Lake Manyara, which is in the north.

Clinton is touring projects intended to boost agriculture, health, education and wildlife conservation. He and his daughter Chelsea are also scheduled to visit Kenya, Liberia and Morocco.

--- ENDS ---

Photos of President Clinton in Tanzania 2015

One of the Tanzania projects is a commercial farm operated by the Clinton Development Initiative that partners with thousands of neighboring smallholder farmers to provide them with training and good quality seeds for maize and soy crops.

Affordable, faster surfing in Tanzania after Google launches cache link

INTERNET users in Tanzania will now enjoy affordable and faster surfing services, thanks to the launch of the Google Global cache link to the Tanzania Internet Exchange (TIX), that will ensure local traffic is sourced locally.

At the launch of the service in Dar es Salaam on Tuesday, the Minister for Communications, Science and Technology, Prof Makame Mbarawa, was optimistic that the new product will attract more internet users.

"At present, about 11.6 million Tanzanians are using internet services but since the new link provides affordable and faster connections, we hope the number will grow to 15 million people by next year," Prof Mbarawa stated.

He went on to boost that the ICT Data Centre whose construction is being finalised will be the largest in East Africa. "We expect the centre to be completed by August, this year and it will act as an intermediary between the Google data centre and internet service providers. Our aim is to make Tanzania an ICT hub in the region," Prof Mbarawa bragged.

The minister, however, challenged the host of the link, the Tanzania Internet Service Providers Association (TISPA) to woo more content distribution providers like Amazon and the likes.

"By hosting such links locally it becomes easier and cheaper to connect to the internet. In the absence of such links, connections are routed to America and Europe and eventually make the service expensive and slow," he noted.

Prof Mbarawa said the government was committed to expand internet services to majority of Tanzanians to enable services such as e-government, e-education and e-health, among others.

"As you are all aware the government is undertaking massive construction of ICT infrastructure in a bid to expand the service and enable more people to access it," the minister noted.

The Chairman of TISPA, Mr Vinay Choudary, said the association is working around the clock to attract more content providers to spread out the spectrum of services to users.

"TISPA was formed four years ago and our objective is adding more value to internet services that are offered in the market," Mr Choudary stated.

In an interview with the 'Daily News' on the sidelines of the launching ceremony, the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Tanzania Telecommunications Company Limited (TTCL), Dr Kamugisha Kazaura, said the new arrangement would enable the country to make effective use of international bandwidth.

  • via The Daily News (Tanzania)

MCW to provide interdisciplinary healthcare training in Tanzania

PRESS RELEASE

MCW Facilitates Historic Partnership to Provide Interdisciplinary Healthcare Training in Tanzania


New York — An innovative collaboration between the Tanzanian Government through its Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Muhimbili University, New York University College of Nursing and MCW set to begin next month.

As part of its Oral Health Care Initiative, which has the vision to improve oral health care for all Tanzanians, MCW announced today the formation of an historic four-party Memorandum of Understanding (MOU).

The MOU was signed between the Government of Tanzania through its Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MoHSW), Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), New York University (NYU) College of Nursing and MCW, to provide an innovative solution to address the inadequate access to oral health care in Tanzania through NYU's Global Nurse Scholars Program. The program aims to create a curriculum to train nurses in the field in basic oral healthcare.

With a population of 47.8 million, Tanzania has less than 0.3 dentists per 100,000 citizens. With over 35,000 nurses and midwives in Tanzania, there is an opportunity for nurses to play a pivotal role in expanding access to oral health care in the country. This inter-disciplinary healthcare training program aims to create a curriculum for nurses to meet the basic oral healthcare needs of underserved communities.

"Our partners at the MUHAS dental school have long since advocated for us to help in bringing formal training to nurses in oral health," said MCW Director of Health Care Projects, Dr. Marion Bergman. "We are thrilled that the Government of Tanzania through its Ministry of Health, recognized NYU's Global Nurse Scholar program as the perfect vehicle to bring a scalable educational training module for field nurses to Tanzania."

A Tanzanian nurse has been selected as a Global Nurse Scholar and will define and create a user-friendly, evidence-based curriculum. With guidance from the Tanzania MoHSW and mentorship from MUHAS Schools of Dentistry and Nursing, and NYU's College of Nursing, the scholar will develop a program to be accredited and recognized in Tanzania which will educate nurses through continuing education.

"MCW has recognized an opportunity to address neglected oral health needs in Tanzania through the NYU College of Nursing's Global Scholars Program. In this unique and important partnership between MCW, NYUCN and the Tanzanian Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, the Global Scholars Program will work to build oral health capacity among nurses in Tanzania. As an engaged governmental agency, the MoHSW understands the needs of its citizens and its workforce and offers invaluable guidance to the context, structure and audience for our programs in Tanzania," said Dr. Ann Kurth, Executive Director, NYU College of Nursing and Global Associate Dean for Research, NYU Global Institute of Public Health.

The Scholar will arrive at NYU for the research and training stage of the program in May 2015.

About MCWMCW is a non-profit organization founded in 1999 with the vision "Local Change through Global Exchange®." Our mission is to empower youth to become positive agents of change in their communities. Based in New York, with partner organizations in Africa (i.e. Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia), MCW offers the following programs: Global Youth Development, Community Development and Oral Health Care, as well as Partner Initiatives (e.g. Paediatric AIDS Treatment for Africa). The MCW Oral Health Care program aims to achieve lasting oral health improvement in Tanzania through three core activities: Infrastructure Upgrade, Capacity Building, and Dental Outreaches. MCW's core values include integrity, compassion, accountability, responsibility and excellence. Learn more about MCW at www.mcwglobal.org.

Wabunge walioingia Bungeni tangu 1975 waanza kuaga

WAKATI Bunge la 10 likikaribia kuvunjwa ili kupisha uchaguzi mkuu wa Oktoba mwaka huu, wabunge watano wakongwe walioingia bungeni miaka 1970 baadhi yao hawatakuwapo katika Bunge lijalo.

Wabunge hao wameelezea uzoefu wao wa kukaa bungeni, huku wakitaja mambo mbalimbali ambayo wamekutana nayo tangu wakati huo.

Wabunge hao ni Spika wa Bunge, Anna Makinda Mbunge Anna Abdallah ambao waliingia bungeni kwa mara ya kwanza mwaka 1975.

Wengine waliokaa muda mrefu bungeni ni Mbunge wa Urambo Mashariki, Samuel Sitta (CCM) aliyeingia mwaka 1975 na mwingine ni Mbunge wa Wawi, Hamad Rashid Mohamed (CUF), na Mbunge wa Bunda Mkoa wa Mara, Stephen Wasira (CCM) walioingia bungeni mwaka 1977.

Wakizungumza kwenye mahojiano maalumu na gazeti hili kwa nyakati tofauti, wabunge hao wakongwe ukilinganisha na wabunge wengine katika Bunge la Jamuhuri ya Muungano, wameelezea kwa kina tofauti iliyopo kati ya Bunge la sasa na zamani.

Kwa sehemu kubwa wabunge hao walisema kuna tofauti kubwa kati ya Bunge la miaka ile na sasa, kwani la sasa limesheheni wabunge wengi wasomi na wenye uwezo wa kujenga hoja kwa umakini.


Hamad Rashid

Mbunge wa Jimbo la Wawi, Hamad Rashid Mohamed alisema amekaa katika Bunge la Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania kwa muda mrefu na sasa imetosha.

“Unapozungumzia wabunge wakongwe kwa waliopo sasa kwenye Bunge la 10, nami ni mmoja wao. Nimeingia bungeni mwaka 1977. Nakumbuka wabunge ambao niliwakuta ni Anna Abdallah na Spika wa Bunge, Anna Makinda ambao wao waliingia bungeni mwaka 1975.
“Kwa muda ambao nimekaa bungeni nimepata uzoefu wa kutosha na kuitumikia nchi yangu kwenye chombo hicho kikubwa,” alisema na kuongeza kuwa, baada ya kukaa bungeni kwa muda wote huo kuna mambo mengi amejifunza na kubwa zaidi ni tofauti kubwa kati ya Bunge la zamani na sasa.

Hamad ambaye tayari ametangaza kutogombea ubunge alisema umefika wakati wa kupumzika ili wengine waendelee pale alipoachia. “Nimeamua kutogombea tena ubunge katika uchaguzi mkuu wa mwaka huu, hivyo wananchi wa Wawi watachagua mbunge mwingine,” alisema.

Alisema analiacha jimbo hilo ili wengine waendelee kuliongoza na yeye atagombea urais wa Zanzibar.

Akielezea tofauti iliyopo Bunge la zamani na sasa, alisema tofauti zipo nyingi, kwani Bunge la zamani lilikuwa moja, lakini kulikuwa na majadiliano ya hoja zenye uzalendo kwa taifa.

“Wabunge wote walikuwa kama upinzani. Kilichofanyia wabunge walipambana na Serikali bungeni na hata pale ambapo mbunge alikataa jambo basi alikataa hata kwenye kura, lakini siku hizi mbunge anakataa wakati wa kuchangia, lakini wakati wa kupiga kura anakubali,”
alisema.

Pia, alisema zamani hakukua na utashi wa kisiasa maana kulikuwa na chama kimoja, lakini siku hizi Bunge limetawaliwa na utashi wa kisiasa. Bunge la zamani wabunge walibishana kwa maslahi ya nchi, lakini sasa wanabishana kwa mitazamo ya vyama.

Hamad alisema demokrasia inakuwa ukulinganisha na mwaka 1977, na kwamba hivi sasa demokrasia imekuwa, hivyo uwazi ni mkubwa na misimamo imekuwa mingi, kwani kila mbunge au chama kinaweza kuwa na mtazamo wake kutokana na namna ambavyo wanaamini.

Hamad alisema Bunge la sasa kuna bajeti ya Serikali na bajeti ya upinzani, lakini zamani bajeti ilikuwa moja.

Alisema: 
“Zamani hakukua na vyombo vingi vya habari, hivyo hakukua na uwazi wa mambo yanayojadiliwa, lakini sasa kila kitu kipo wazi maana vyombo vya habari ni vingi na vinafanya kazi yao vizuri ”


Anna Abdallah

Akizungumzia uwepo wake bungeni kwa miaka 40, Anna Abdallah alisema bunge la zamani lilikuwa tofauti na sasa, kwani mambo mengi yalikuwa ya chama kimoja hivyo ni ngumu kuyasikia nje.
Abdallah alisema wakati huo hakukuwa na simu wala televisheni, hivyo mambo mengi yalikuwa yanaishia ndani kwa ndani huku kukiwa na ushindani wa hoja zaidi.

Mbunge huyo wa Viti Maalumu (CCM), alisema wakati huo kikiwa na bunge la chama kimoja walikuwa wanalumbana na mwisho wanafikia muafaka na hata kama hujaridhika unanyamaza moyoni mwako.

“Unajua huwezi kulinganisha wakati ule na huu kuna tofauti kubwa kuanzia aina ya wabunge kimalezi na uwezo wao wa kutoa hoja hata kama zina msingi wanaoneka kama mnagombana,” 
alisema

Abdallah nna ambaye aliwahi kuwa Mbunge wa Jimbo la Lulindi kwa miaka mingi, alisema bunge la zamani lilikuwa na vijana ila walikuwa na nidhamu ya hali ya juu tofauti na sasa ambao wanapenda kulumbana na kushindana kwa maneno makali.

Alisema pamoja na changamoto hizo yeye na wezake waliokaamuda mrefu bungeni wametoa mchango mkubwa kwa taifa.

Mbunge huyo ambaye ameshika nyadhifa mbalimbali za juu serikalini katika awamu tatu za uongozi wa nchi ikiwamo nafasi ya uwaziri, alisema kupitia bunge hilo Serikali imekuwa ikifanya kazi kwa umakini kwani ni wazi kuwa wakifanya makosa taarifa zitakuwa nje bila kukwepesha tofauti na bunge la chama kimoja.

Alisema anajisikia faraja kuwa hataendelea na ubunge, lakini mambo yote ambayo alikuwa anayapigania yamefanikiwa kwa asilimia kubwa hivyo anaamini yataendelezwa.

Mbunge huyo wa viti maalumu kupitia (CCM) alisema siku zote alikuwa akihitaji usawa ndani ya bunge na serikali jambo ambalo litatimia kupitia Katiba iliyopendekezwa.

“Yaani najiandaa kupumzika huku nikiwa na amani na furaha, kwani yote ambayo niliyopigania yamefanikiwa na mengine yatatimia kupitia katiba iliyopendekezwa,” 
alisema.

Abdallah aliwataka wabunge wataopata nafasi ya kushiriki bunge la 11 wawe wavumilivu na wenye nidhamu ili waweze kutetea wananchi wao na si kuendekeza malumbano.

Kuhusu mgombea urais kupitia CCM, alisema ni vema chama kisimamie misingi yake ili kuhakikisha anapatikana mgombea ambaye ana sifa zinazohitajika.


Samuel Sitta

Kwa upande wake, Mbunge wa Urambo mkoani Tabora, Samuel Sitta (CCM), alisema kuna tofauti kubwa kati ya Bunge la sasa na ameingia bungeni kwa mara ya kwanza katika Bunge la miaka 1970 ambapo amejifunza mambo mengi na ana uzoefu wa kutosha.

Sitta ambaye kwa sasa ni Waziri wa Uchukuzi, alisema kwa uzoefu wake kuna tofauti kubwa kati ya Bunge la miaka ile na la sasa na moja ya tofauti kubwa Bunge la sasa limekuwa na nguvu kubwa ya kuibana Serikali na kuhoji mambo mblimbali yanayohusu maslahi ya nchi.

Pia, idadi ya vyombo vya habari na kukua kwa teknolojia nayo ni sababu nyingine inayofanya Bunge la sasa kuwa tofauti na zamani, kwani vyombo vya habari vilikuwa vichache na vyote vilikuwa vya Serikali.

“Bunge la sasa limekuwa na uwazi mkubwa na uhuru wa vyombo vya habari nao umekuwa chachu ya kila kinachofanyika bungeni wananchi wakafahamu kwa haraka. Zamani ilikuwa ngumu kufahamu kila kinachoendelea bungeni,” 
alisema.

Alisema wakati ule wa Bunge la miaka 1970 ilikuwa ngumu kupeleka hoja ya kuibana Serikali na wakati mwingine mbunge akitaka kufanya hivyo anaonekana kama kituko.

“Sasa mambo ni tofauti na hata kamati za Bunge zimekuwa na nguvu hata ya kufanya uamuzi. Kamati za Bunge zinahoji na kuibana Serikali,”alisema Sitta ambaye pia aliwahi kuwa Spika wa Bunge la Tisa ambapo alijukana kama mzee wa ‘Speed na viwango’.

Akizungumzia wabunge vijana waliongia bungeni mwaka 1975 na waliongia mwaka 1977, na wabunge wa Bunge la 10 ambalo linakabiria kuvunjwa ili kupisha uchaguzi mkuu unaotarajia kufanyika Oktoba, alisema wabunge vijana wa sasa wengi ni wasomi kuliko wakati ule.

Sitta alisema zamani wabunge vijana waliokuwa wasomi walikuwa wachache ukulinganisha na Bunge la sasa ambapo wabunge wengi vijana wamesoma na wengi wana elimu ya juu yenye viwango tofauti ikiwemo ya shahada mbili.

“Wabunge vijana waliopo bungeni hivi sasa wana elimu ya kutosha, wana uwezo wa kuchambua mambo kwa kujiamini. Hii inatokana na kukua kwa elimu yetu lakini na kukua kwa teknolojia nchini.
“Ni rahisi kwa mbunge kupata chochote anachohitaji katika kujenga hoja zake. Leo hii Bunge lina tovuti yake ambayo ina kila kitu.
“Wizara za Serikali na taasisi nyingine nazo zinaweka taarifa zake kwenye mitandao, hivyo mambo yamekuwa rahisi kuyapata kwake ukilinganisha na wakati ule ambapo hakukua na mitandao, hivyo hata kupata kila taarifa unayohitaji ilikuwa ngumu,” 
alifafanua Sitta.

Pamoja na hayo, alisema kuna mabadiliko makubwa katika Bunge ambayo yalianza Bunge la Tisa wakati akiwa Spika, ambapo alisema kwa mara ya kwanza mwaka 2007 Waziri Mkuu alianza kuhojiwa na wabunge maswali ya papo hapo, lakini pia mabadiliko mengi ya taratibu za Bunge ambayo yalijikita katika kujenga uwazi na kila mihimili kufanya kazi yake.

Alipoulizwa kama ataendelea na rekodi yake ya kuwa miongoni mwa wabunge wachache waliokaa muda mrefu bungeni kwa kugombea tena katika uchaguzi wa mwaka huu, Sitta alisema hajaamua iwapo atagombea au la.

Sitta alisema akiwa bungeni kwenye Bunge la Bajeti atatoa msimamo wake kulingana na Mungu atakavyomjalia kwa nafasi ambayo anaona inafaa katika kuwatumikia wananchi.


Anne Makinda

Spika Makinda kwa upande wake, ndiyo aliingia bungeni akiwa na umri wa miaka 23, hivyo amekuwa na rekodi ya aina yake.

Makinda aliingia bungeni kupitia kundi la vijana wa TANU mwaka 1975 ambapo pia ndiyo mwaka ambao Sitta naye aliingia bungeni kupitia kundi hilo.

Wakati Makinda anajiunga na siasa aliamua kuacha kazi Shirika la Ukaguzi Tanzania (TAC), hivyo aliacha na mshahara mkubwa aliokuwa analipwa ambapo ulikuwa ni tofauti na mshahara Bunge.

Wakati anaingia bungeni, Makinda alikuwa mbunge wa kawaida kwa miaka nane kabla ya kuteuliwa kuwa Waziri wa Nchi Ofisi ya Waziri Mkuu na Makamu wa Kwanza wa Rais, akiwa anasimamia masuala ya sera na udhibiti wa majanga mwaka 1983 akiwa na miaka 31.

Kadi miaka ilivyokuwa inakwenda Makinda alikuwa akibadilishiwa majukumu kwa kuteuliwa kwenye wizara mbalimbali.

Akiwa Spika wa Bunge ambalo linamaliza muda wake, bado hajatangaza kuhusu kugombea ubunge kwa mara nyingine.

Machozi kuchezea timu ya soka Ligi Kuu Bara

Machozi na H-Baba

Star wa bongo flava anayeiwakilisha kanda ya ziwa, Hussein Machozi yuko kwenye mazoezi makali ya kujiweka sawa kwa ajili ya kukipiga na moja kati ya timu inayoshiriki Ligi Kuu Bara msimu ujao.

Akizungumza kupitia kipindi cha “Hatua tatu” cha Times FM, Hussein amedai msimu ujao atasakata gozi kwenye ligi kuu bara na timu ya Kagera Sugar.

“Nipo mazoezini sasa hivi kwa ajili ya kujiandaa na kusajiliwa na Kagera Sugar kwa ajili ya kuichezea msimu ujao, so mazoezi wanakuja wananitazama kila siku, kwa hiyo mashabiki watambue msimu ujao wataniona kupitia soka,” 
alisanua Machozi.

Amesema ilikuwa aichezee muda mrefu Kagera Sugar, lakini hakukuwa na maelewano mazuri kati yake na kocha wa "walima miwa" hao.

Diamond kuzindua Tv yake


Staa wa Bongo Fleva, Diamond Platnumz anatarajia kuzindua televisheni yake kwenye Zari White Party itakayofanyika Ijumaa hii huko Mlimani City, Mwenge, jijini Dar.
Pamoja na vitu vingi vitakavyokuwepo siku hiyo mashabiki watashuhudia uzinduzi wa Tv hiyo kwa mara ya kwanza ambapo Diamond atataja rasmi jina la Tv hiyo. 


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