Raia wa Vietman nchini Tanzania ahukumiwa jela miaka 20 au faini milioni 100/=

MAHAKAMA ya Hakimu Mkazi Kisutu leo imemuhukumu kifungo cha miaka 20 jela au kulipa faini ya Sh. 100 milioni Bui Hoa, Raia wa Vietnam baada ya kumtia hatiani kwa kosa la kukutwa na kucha na meno ya simba.

Hukumu hiyo imetolewa na Thomas Simba, Hakimu Mkazi Mkuu baada ya mshitakiwa huyo kukiri kukutwa na nyara hizo za serikali kinyume cha sheria.

Awali, Helleni Moshi, Wakili wa Serikali Mwandamizi alisema mshitakiwa huyo alikutwa na nyara hizo tarehe 8 Januari mwaka huu katika Uwanja wa Ndege wa Kimataifa wa Mwalimu Julius Nyerere jinini Dar es Salaam.

Imeelezwa kuwa siku hiyo, Hoa alikutwa na kucha tano za simba na meno manne yote yakiwa na thamani ya Dola za Marekani 4900 (takribani Sh. 10,647,700 za Tanzania), mali ya Serikali ya Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania bila kuwa na kibali kutoka kwa Mkurugenzi wa Wanyamapori.

Study finds: Risk-taking genes may influence when you first have sex

For the first time, scientists have found genetic variants that could influence when people have sex for the first time — and the age at which they have their first kids. While social and environmental factors remain important, this finding begins to outline the biological factors as well.

In the study, published today in the journal Nature Genetics, an international team of researchers analyzed genetic data from more than 125,000 participants, aged 40 to 69, from the UK Biobank, a national project that collected the DNA and personal information of half a million people in the UK from 2006 to 2010.

Scientists identified 38 gene variants that play a role in the age when people first have sex. Not all of them are specifically puberty-associated — several are known for influencing personality traits. Genes that made people more likely to take risks, for example, might also make them likelier to have sex at a younger age. In women, some of the genes also seemed to have an effect on when they had their first baby. The researchers then performed a statistical analysis of all the genetic variants and found that people who hit puberty earlier are more likely to also have sex earlier and have kids earlier.

Obviously, a person’s environment matters, too — social, economic, environmental, and cultural forces are well-studied as factors that contribute to early sexual initiation. The age at which a girl has her first period has dropped to 12.5 years in 1980 from 18 years in 1880, for instance, probably because of changes in diet and body size. Though the time at which a person reaches sexual maturity may not seem obviously significant, hitting puberty early has been linked to higher risks of certain illnesses, such as diabetes and heart disease. Looking at the genetic contributions to early puberty may help researchers untangle the biological component of these disease risks, if any exist.

"Early puberty timing seems to have adverse effects on diseases 30 to 40 years later," says Ken Ong, a pediatric endocrinologist at the University of Cambridge who co-authored the study. "Puberty timing and age at first sexual intercourse appear to be adverse for diabetes, heart disease, and a number of cancers, particularly reproductive hormone cancers."

There are other effects for early sexual initiation, too. People who hit puberty at a young age are less likely to get as far in school. Because the age when people become sexually mature and the age when people lose their virginity are genetically interconnected, today’s study implies that having sex at a young age could have consequences on your education and health. Though we already knew this, the study found a statistical correlation between genes and outcomes. For example, the researchers found that people who have genetic variants associated with sex at a younger age are less likely to get a college degree but more likely to be be smokers. "This current work proved that [early puberty] has adverse consequences on much more immediate outcomes, such as risk-taking behaviors, such as age at sexual activity and also lower educational attainment," says Ong.

Not everyone was impressed with the study. Mary Hediger, who has researched adolescence for 35 years and recently retired from the National Institutes of Health, says the genetic explanation is definitely interesting, but it’s also long been known that earlier puberty is connected to earlier sexual activity and, often, earlier pregnancies. The study is certainly new in some sense, she says. But "we’ve known for a long time that menarche, particularly in girl, is a gateway to sexual activity. The prevalence of girls who had sex before they started their periods is very very low. And in most cases when they did have sex before menarche, it was not voluntary."

She also warns against studies that point to genetic factors influencing sexual behavior. Though genes are undoubtedly important, when it comes to losing your virginity and becoming pregnant, the social, economic, and cultural factors can’t be overlooked. "The kind of biological determinism makes me a bit uncomfortable," Hediger says. "It sort of gives you the impression — and a lot of these genetics studies sort of do that — that you’re more your biology than you are a product of your environment. You don’t want to give the impression that you’re doomed, your biology dooms you."

The study was quite large and extensive, says Peng Jin, a geneticist at Emory University School of Medicine. To confirm the findings from the UK Biobank, the researchers replicated them in more than 240,000 men and women from Iceland and over 20,000 American women of European-ancestry from the Women’s Genome Health Study. "I have to say, this is a quite impressive study," Jin says. "The number of individuals they’re examining is definitely very high, so I think that gives them more of a power to really identify the genetic factors associated with reproductive onset and success."

However, Jin says, all the genomes the researchers analyzed came from European people, or Americans with European ancestry. To further validate the studies, the researchers should replicate the findings in non-European populations. "It might be interesting to look at another culture," Jin says. People’s sexual behaviors are extremely complex; it’s impossible for now to say whether the genetic variations found in the study actually have impacts on when someone has sex for the first time or whether they’re going to go to college or not. "There’s only association," Jin says. "But whether there are genetic factors that are determining reproductive onset I think remains to be determined."

Ong says the point of the study was not to prove that the biological factors affecting puberty and sexual behaviors are more important than the environmental factors. Society and culture have definitely changed over the last century. "Despite these changes, we found that across those eras, the impact of genetic signals was constant," he says. The goal of the study is to deepen the understanding of what contributes to early puberty, early sex, and early pregnancies, so that public health officials can create "targeted and more effective approaches to health education and promotion of safer health-related behaviors," the study concludes.

Tanzania Risk Assessment Sector Expert Kenya Support Project (KSP) Nairobi, Kenya

Organization: Management Systems International
Country: Kenya
Closing date: 19 May 2016
Tanzania Risk Assessment – Sector Expert, Kenya Support Project (KSP),
Nairobi, Kenya
Company Profile:
MSI, a Tetra Tech Company, is a Washington, DC metro area international development firm with a 35-year history of delivering development results across the world. Our core expertise is in the fields of monitoring and evaluation (M&E), institutional development, public sector management, governance and anti-corruption. MSI implements nearly 100 projects in 90 countries around the world such as Jordan, Morocco, Lebanon, Syria, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Colombia, and Mexico. As one of the leading companies in our field, MSI has partnered with more than 80 organizations across all sectors of international development with clients ranging from large bilateral and multilateral donors such as USAID, the World Bank and the UNDP to national and local governments, NGOs, think tanks, foundations and universities. For more information on MSI, please visit our website at www.msiworldwide.com.
Project Summary: **
The U.S. Agency for International Development/Kenya & East Africa (USAID/KEA) has requested MSI's Kenya Support Project (KSP) to conduct an assessment of community conditions, concerns and grievances and the risk of extremism in Tanzania. The assessment's purpose is to assess grievances, tensions, and inter-community dynamics in Tanzania. It will also focus on identifying the most salient political, socioeconomic and cultural drivers of conflict, identifying the main issues of concern to citizens, including perceptions of conflict, and identifying the challenges and opportunities for alleviating conflict and strengthening resilience to averting the threat. In so doing, the assessment will provide USAID/KEA's Democracy, Governance, and Conflict (DGC) with a strong analytical foundation for future conflict mitigation development programming in Tanzania.
Position Summary:
Under this task order, the local sector experts will collaborate with the team lead in the assessment's completion, including conducting a desk review of all relevant literature (e.g. best practice reports from past assessments, USAID VE policy, etc.), key informant interviews, group discussions and/or expert panels. The period of performance for this task order is estimated to be May - August 2016, including two to three weeks of fieldwork in May 2016 in three to five priority areas: Tanga, Zanzibar and Pemba Island, Arusha, Dar es Salam and Morogoro.
To achieve this, the local sector experts will work with the team lead and other team members in all aspects of study planning and execution, specifically:
  • Desk review of relevant documents.
  • Finalizing the assessment design and sampling strategy.
  • Developing the data collection instruments.
  • Data collection and analysis.
  • Study validation and presentation to USAID/Tanzania, the US Embassy and multilateral partners.
  • Report writing, based on approved standards and guidelines for USAID assessments.
  • Advanced degree in Political Science, International Development, Governance, and/or related social science.
  • Experience with programming related to governance and conflict management.
  • Knowledge of and experience with target communities preferred.
  • Experience conducting and/or supporting assessments, preferably for USAID.
  • Qualitative research experience, particularly in conducting individual and group interviews and/or focus groups, including creation of written instruments and transcripts.
  • Strong understanding of USAID assessment and/or evaluation policy and best practices.
Only candidates who have been selected for an interview will be contacted. No phone calls, please.
MSI is an EEO/AA/ADA Veterans Employer.

To apply: Please visit our website, www.msiworldwide.comnull

Apply Here

How to apply:

CCM kubadili namna ya kuwapata Wajumbe wa Halmashauri Kuu

Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM), kinakusudia kubadilisha muundo na mfumo wa kuchagua wajumbe wa Halmashauri Kuu ya Taifa ya chama hicho kwa kuondoa nafasi za wajumbe wa wilaya na kurejesha mfumo wa zamani wa wajumbe wa mikoa.

Pamoja na kubadili mfumo, chama hicho pia kimesisitiza kutekeleza nia ya kuwatimua viongozi na wanachama wake wote wanaodaiwa kukisaliti kwa kuunga mkono wagombea wa vyama vingine wakati wa uchaguzi mkuu wa mwaka jana.

Hayo yalisemwa na Katibu wa Itikadi na Uenezi wa CCM, Nape Nnauye aliopokuwa akizungumza na viongozi, wanachama na wafuasi wa chama hicho mkoani Mara.

“Hatutawafumbia macho wote waliokisaliti chama katika uchaguzi mkuu uliopita; tutawatimua wote waende kwenye vyama walivyoviunga mkono,” alisema Nape.

Alisema kutokana na usaliti wa wanachama na viongozi hao, uchaguzi mkuu uliopita ulikuwa mgumu kwa chama hicho tawala, licha ya juhudi kubwa zilizofanywa na wanachama waaminifu kukipatia ushindi dhidi ya wagombea wa vyama vya upinzani.

“Hatutakurupuka katika kuwashughulikia wasaliti wote; tutawashughulikia kwa umakini ili tubaki na viongozi wachache lakini waaminifu kwa chama,” alisema Nape.

Kuhusu wajumbe wa NEC, Nape ambaye pia ni Waziri wa Habari, Sanaa, Utamaduni na Michezo mpango huo utatekelezwa kabla uongozi wa chama haujakabidhiwa kwa Rais John Magufuli.

2015 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Tanzania

The United Republic of Tanzania is a multiparty republic consisting of the mainland region and the semiautonomous Zanzibar archipelago, whose main islands are Unguja (Zanzibar Island) and Pemba. The union is headed by a president, who is also the head of government. Its unicameral legislative body is the National Assembly (parliament). Zanzibar, although part of the union, has its own government with a president, court system, and legislature, and exercises considerable autonomy. On October 25, the country held its fifth multiparty general election. Voting in the union and Zanzibari elections was judged to be largely free and fair. Voters in mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar elected a union president (John Magufuli) and their respective representatives in the union legislature. The chair of the Zanzibar Electoral Commission declared the election for Zanzibar's president and legislature nullified after only part of the votes had been tabulated, precipitating a political crisis on the islands. Union security forces reported to civilian authorities, but civilian authorities at times did not maintain effective control over the security forces.

HAPA KAZI TU: Hospitali zilisaidie taifa kuokoa muda wa kufanya kazi

Leo nimeamka asubuhi nikiwa na ratiba ya kumuona daktari wa meno (dentist) kabla ya kwenda kazini ili anisaidie kuziba matundu kwenye meno yanayoninyima raha na utamu wa kula nyama ya mbuzi. Kupata huduma hii pia kutanipunguzia matumizi makubwa ya vijiti (toothpicks) tunavyoagiza toka Uchina kwani kwa muda mrefu sasa hata nikinywa uji nalazimika kuchokonoa meno. Niliingia mtandaoni na kutafuta mawasiliano ya moja ya hospital maarufu hapa Dar es Salaam na bila ajizi nilipiga simu kuomba miadi (appointment) ya kumuona dentist. Aliyepokea simu aliniambia sina haja ya kuweka miadi bali niende tu hospital na nitamuona daktari moja kwa moja. Nimefika hospital saa tatu kama na dakika 20 hivi na nikaambiwa kwa kawaida daktari hufika saa tatu hivyo atakua njiani na kwa kuwa nilikua ni mtu wa saba kwenye orodha ya wanaomsubiri, nalazimika kusubiri. Nimengoja masaa zaidi ya matatu sasa na sina hakika ya muda nitakaomuona daktari kwani ndio kwanza anahudumia walionitangulia nami nikaamua niandike makala niliyowaza kuiandika tangu wiki jana.
Wiki iliyopita nilihitaji kumwona daktari ambaye amekua akiwahudumia watoto wangu na nikajulishwa huwa anapatikana kwa masaa kadhaa katika moja ya hospital kubwa hapa Dar es Salaam. Nilitaka uchunguzi wa afya ya ya mtoto hivyo nilipopata simu ya hospital hiyo nikapiga ili kuomba miadi. Nilipiga ile namba (ya TTCL) kwa siku mbili bila kupokelewa na kesho yake nikaamua kwenda hospital baada ya kupata uhakika wa muda ambao daktari huyo anapatikana. Nilifika hospital kabla ya saa kumi na nusu kwani niliambiwa hutoa huduma kuanzia saa 11 jioni na nikapewa namba 11 kwenye orodha ya waliokua wanamsubiri. Pamoja na kuwahi kote huko nilisubiri hadi saa tatu usiku na ndipo nilipomuana daktari. Kwa kuwa sikua na tatizo la dharura haikumchukua daktari zaidi ya dakika 10 kunipa huduma niliyohitaji. Hivyo nilitumia zaidi ya masaa manne kusubiri huduma ya dakika kumi.

Nikiwa pale hospitali niliumizwa sana na jinsi watoto walivyokua wanahangaika, kulia na kusumbuliwa na kiu na njaa (pamoja na wa kwangu). Kwa bahati mbaya, maeneo yetu ya utoaji wa huduma za jamii kama hospital, hayafikiriwi kabisa mahali pa watoto kucheza wakati wanasubiri wazazi wao au wao wenyewe kusubiri huduma. Matokeo yake, walikua wanacheza kila mahali pale hospital jambo ambali sio salama na ni hatari kwa afya zako kwani wanaweza kubeba magonjwa ambayo hawakuja nayo.
Watoto wengi waliletwa na wazazi wote wawili hivyo idadi ya watu wazima waliomsumbiri walikua wengi. Kwa mtazamo wa harakaharaka, wengi wa wazazi hawa ni wafanyakazi au wafanya biashara wa kiwango cha kati. Wengi walionekana wamepitia pale hospital wakitokea makazini kwani walikua na mabegi ya kazini na wengine wamevalia kiofisi. Nilipowatazama wakihangaika pale bila kujua muda wa kupata huduma, ilinisumbua sana. Kama ilivyokua kwa wazazi wengine nilicheza na mtoto wangu hadi akachoka nami nikaishiwa na ujuzi huku sote tukisumbuliwa na njaa. Nilijiuliza iwapo kupitia huduma ya daktari mmoja watu wengi hivi wanapoteza masaa mengi ya kazi, je ni kwa kiasi gani nchi inapoteza nguvu kazi bila sababu kwa kuwa huu ndio utaratibu karibu kwenye kila hospital nchini?.
Nchi yetu iko chini ya uongozi wa serikali ambayo sio tu inathamini dhana ya kufanya kazi kama uti wa mgongo wa maendeleo ya mtu binafsi na taifa, bali inasisitiza  umuhim wa kila mtu kufanya kazi kwa bidii, kujituma na kwa moyo wa uzalendo na utumishi. Watu waliozoea kufanya kazi kwa bidi wanajua umuhim wa muda katika kufanya kazi yenye tija na kufikia malengo. Ndio mana kwenye nchi zilizoendelea, malipo ya kazi/ajira huthaminishwa kwa masaa/muda ambao mtu amefanya kazi na sio kumlipa tu kwa mwezi kwa vile kaajiriwa.
Inasikitisha sana kwamba huduma za afya katika nchi yetu bado zinaendeshwa kienyeji sana na watoa huduma hawajali kabisa muda wa wagonjwa au watu wanaokuja kutafuta huduma katika vituo vya afya. Dhana ya kuthamini muda wa mteja/mgonjwa kama moja ya vigezo vya ubora wa huduma bado haijapewa kipaumbele na matokeo yake taifa linapoteza nguvu kazi kubwa sana kila siku kwa muda ambao watu wanapoteza wanapofuatilia huduma za afya. Sio kila mtu anayekwenda hospital au kituo cha afya ni mgonjwa asiye na uwezo wa kufanya kazi. Wako wanaokwenda kupima tu afya zao au kutafuta kinga ya magonjwa; wako wanakwenda kusindikiza ndugu na jamaa wanaoumwa; wako wanaokwenda kufuatilia hali ya matibabu; na wako wanaokwenda tu kutafuta mazingira mazuri ya meno kutafuna nyama kama ilivyo kwangu leo. Makundi yote niliyoyataja hapa ni watu wanaotakiwa kufanya kazi na hawana sababu ya kupoteza masaa kadhaa au siku nzima wakisubiri huduma mahospitalini. Sio kila huduma ya afya au kila mteja anayetembelea vituo hivi ni mhitaji wa huduma ya dharura na hivyo kulazimka kupata huduma kadiri inavyopatikana.
Vituo vingi vya afya na hospital, hasa za umma/ serikali, bado hazina mifumo ya kieletoniki/kompyuta ya kusaidia menejimenti ya wateja wao (wagonjwa) ikiwa ni pamoja na uwezo wa kuweka na kufuatilia kumbukumbu za miadi (appointments) kwa wanaotaka huduma zisizo za dharura, kufutailia matibabu, au utaalamu wa madktari bingwa. Hata hospital za binafsi zenye mifumo hii wamejikita katika kuboresha rekodi / kumbukumbu za wateja wao, kuboresha mawasiliano na upelekaji wa taarifa kwenye vitengo ndani ya hospital, na kudhibiti upotevu wa mapato. Kwa utafiti wangu usio wa kitaalamu, bado hakuna hospital iliyowekeza mifumo ya kuhakikisha wanaokoa muda wa wateja wao wanapohitaji huduma.
Kulingana na taarifa za Mamlaka ya Mawasiliano Tanzania (TCRA), hadi mwisho wa mwezi wa tatu mwaka huu, Tanzania ina watumiaji wa simu za mikononi takribani milioni 40 (namba/ line za simu zilizosajiliwa na zinazotumika). Tuchukulie kila Mtanzania annamiliki line mbili maana wako wengine wana hadi line tatu na zaidi. Hii inamaanisha watu milioni 20 wanatumia simu za mikononi. Wingi huu wa simu za mikononi, unaonesha kuna uwezekano asilimia kubwa ya wanaotafuta huduma za afya wanaweza kupata mawasiliano ya simu na hivyo uwezo wa kupiga kituo cha afya/hospital na kuweka miadi ya kuonana na daktari au kupata huduma wanaoyoihitaji. Hata kama haitawezekana kwa watanzania wote, basi kwa sehemu kubwa wale walioko mijini wanaweza kupata huduma hii.
Kwa kutumia utaratibu wa kuweka miadi kw anjia ya kupiga simu tunaweza kuokoa sana muda wa wateja/wagonjwa. Pili, itasaidia kuwapa wateja uhuru (flexibility) ya muda ambao ni muafaka zaidi kwao kupata huduma kulingana na majukumu waliyonayo. Tatu itakua msaada hata kwa watoa huduma kwani mara nyingine wanapoteza muda wao wakikaa kusubiri watu wa kuwahudumia wasio na hakika nao wakati muda huo wangeweza kuutumia kwa majukumu mengine. Hivyo basi, nashauri yafuatayo:
  1. Huduma zote zisozo za dharura kwenye hospital ziwekewe utaratibu wa kutolewa kwa miadi. Kila hospital iwe na mtu maalum ambaye atakua mapokezi na kazi yake kubwa ni kupokea simu na kuweka miadi ya watu wanaohitaji huduma. Kila daktari mzoefu anajua kabisa wastani wa muda anaotumia kwa kila aina ya mgonjwa anayemuona. Kwa mfano, dentist anahitaji nusu saa hadi lisaa kumuhudumia mtu asiye na complications (tatizo gumu). Hivyo hospital itawapa wateja miadi ya kumuona kila baada ya dakika 30 au 45 na hivyo kukadiria muda ambao mgonjwa atatakiwa awe amefika hospital. Huenda daktari wa watoto au kina mama akahitaji dakika 20 na hivyo kama ataona wagonjwa 10 kwa siku na kazi anaanza saa tatu asubuhi, yule mgonjwa wa kumi kupiga simu ataambiwa aje saa sita na dakika 20 mchana. Ila kwa utaratibu wa sasa, anayehudumiwa wa kwanza na wa kumi au 20 wote wanakuja saa tatu asubuhi. Wale wasioweza au kutaka kutafuta huduma kwa miadi waende tu kama watakavyo lakini wajue kabisa wale wenye miadi watatibiwa kwanza iwapo walipofika kuna ambao walishapiga simu na kupewa muda. Watapewa kipaumbele tu pale ambapo wana matatizo ya dharura au kuna mtu kachelewa miongoni mwa walioweka miadi

  1. Wizara ya afya, itoe maagizo kwamba, kwa kuanzia, kila hospital iwe na huduma maalumu itakayowawezesha wagonjwa kupiga simu kuulizia upatikanaji wa huduma na muda wa kuipata. Mara nyingine watu wamekua wakifunga safari ndefu na kuacha majukumu nyeti ya kazi kwenda kutafuta huduma. Ila wanapofika kwenye hospital husika wanaambiwa daktari hayuko, huduma haipatikani, kifaa (x-ray, ultrasound, nk) haifanyi kazi, au huduma inatolewa kwa siku maalumu. Taarifa hizi mtu anaweza kuzipata kwa kupiga simu na kuepuka kupoteza muda na fedha kwenda kupewa majibu ya iana hii wanapofika hospitalini.  Niliwahi kukutana na kijana mmoja pale Muhimbili aliyekua anahitaji upasuaji wa uvimbe mkubwa kwenye mdomo wake na akanijulisha kwamba amekua akifuatilia miadi ya kufanyiwa upasuaji kwa mwaka mmoja na kila anapokuja anapigwa kalenda na kuambiwa nafasi haijapatikana. Hakuwa mkazi wa Dar es Salaam hivyo waweza kuelewa jinsi hali hii ilikua mateso kwake.

  1. Watoa huduma za afya waachane na hali ya kuwa miungu watu kwa mantiki kwamba wao ndio wanaamua sio tu hali ya afya za watu wengine, bali ndio wanawapangia na kumua ni kwa mtindo gani watautumia muda wao na kutekeleza majukumu yao. Waone huruma na waumie wanapoona mtu anapoteza masaa na siku nzima kufuatilia huduma au maelezo ya huduma ambayo wangeweza kumrahisishia iwapo wangebadili na kuboresha utaratibu.

Dhana ya “HAPA NI KAZI TU” itakua na nguvu ya utekelezaji na kuleta tija zaidi iwapo pamoja na mambo mengine tutaepuka kupoteza muda wetu wa kufanya kazi na kuwasaidia wengine kutumia muda wao vizuri. Ninashawishika kwamba, kwenye utoaji wa huduma za afya, ndilo eneo linalopoteza muda wa watanzania huenda kuliko maeneo mengine yote. Tuna nafasi ya kupunguza tatizo hilo bila gharama ya ziada kwa kutumia nyenzo tulizonazo tukianzia na matumizi ya simu za mikononi.
Kutokana na maendeleo ya teknolojia ya simu za mikononi hapa nchini, twaweza kufanya mambo mengi kwa simu zetu na tukaokoa sana muda wa kazi. Tunalipa bili mbalimbali, tunareset ving’amuzi vyetu majumbani, tunatizama salio na kuhamisha fedha kwenye account zetu za bank, na mengine mengi. Kwa teknolojia hiihii twaweza kutazama iwapo hospital inatoa huduma Fulani, iwapo daktari anapatikana, kuweka miadi ya kupata huduma na mengine mengi.

Imeandikwa na Mwalimu MM

Waweza kumwandikia kupitia mmmwalimu(at)gmail.com

Taarifa ya habari ChannelTEN, Aprili 19, 2016

The University of Rwanda with UK's ITU launches online masters program for students from all over the word

(L-R) Prof Manasse Mbonye of UR, Prof. Steve Capewell, UKTA Vice Chancellor and Prof. Nelson Ijumba (Photo by Denis Rutahunga)
The University of Rwanda (UR), in partnership with International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and the United Kingdom Telecommunications Academy (UKTA) has today (Tuesday) launched an online postgraduate course. The 18-month masters of communication management program (eMCM) will be delivered online by experienced lecturers and professors from the United Kingdom.

Students from all over the world are expected to be part of this program which will officially start on April 22, 2016. Applicants are required to possess a good bachelors degree in engineering, computer science and IT, business management, human resource management, law or any related qualification from an accredited institution.

“The program is a great step for University of Rwanda. We would like to make sure students have leadership, entrepreneurship and management skills needed to increase productivity at work,” said Prof. Nelson Ijumba, the deputy chancellor of Academics Affairs and Research.

He added that the four eMCM modules will be delivered through a combination of online learning and the provision of learning materials via the ITU academic platform. Students will be expected to spend approximately 120 hours on each module, of which 60 hours will be through direct interactions not only with the module tutor, but also between delegates within the program. The remaining 60 hours will be through self-directed learning.

Prof. Steve Capewell, the UKTA vice chairman, said that alumni to previous programs delivered by UKTA have established themselves as leaders in the industry around the world as company directors, CEOs and government ministers. “It is with this history and confidence that we developed this program to benefit both employers and employees with updated skills and knowledge to improve organizational performance in their respective companies,” said Capewell.

According to UKTA, candidates can exit with an award of a post-graduate certificate after achieving 60 credits or a post-graduate diploma after 120 credits. The total duration of a masters program is 18 months though it can be increased to three years by studying two modules each year and completing the dissertation in the third year. The latter option allows tuition fees to be spread over a longer period. Tuition fee for the whole program is US$4000, with each part being charged separately.

Kuhusu "Vazi la Taifa", Waziri asema, "Hivi mjadala wa vazi la Wamaasai ulifanyika wapi?"

WAZIRI wa Habari, Utamaduni, Sanaa na Michezo, Nape Nnauye amesema hatolivalia njuga suala la vazi la Taifa bali atawaachia Watanzania kuamua wenyewe aina ya vazi walitakalo.

Nape alitoa msimamo huo mjini hapa juzi wakati akijibu hoja ya Ofisa Utamaduni wa wilaya ya Mkalama, Lunzegere Kilala katika kikao cha pamoja baina yake na waandishi wa habari na wadau mbalimbali wa michezo mkoani hapa.

Alisema ni kweli alikuta mjadala wa kutafuta aina ya vazi la taifa ukiendelea lakini alipouliza ni nchi gani imewahi kuendesha mchakato kama huo ili naye akajifunze, hakupata jibu lolote.

“Hivi mjadala wa vazi la Wamaasai ulifanyika wapi?” Alihoji Nape na kujiridhisha kuwa iwapo mjadala huo utaruhusiwa kuendelea, ukweli ni kwamba hatimaye vazi hilo litakuwa ni kwa ajili ya viongozi tu. “Mimi nachelea kuendeleza mjadala huo maana vazi la taifa halivaliwi kwa kutungiwa sheria bali ni hiari na mapenzi ya mvaaji mwenyewe,” alisema.

“Nadhani tuwaache Watanzania wajiamulie wenyewe maana tukilitungia sheria vazi la Taifa litageuka kuwa sare kama ilivyo kwa wanafunzi au wanajeshi jambo ambalo si jema hata kidogo”.

Alisisitiza umuhimu wa kulinda utamaduni na akasema kuwa Taifa lisilo na utamaduni wake hukosa mwelekeo.

“Kila mkoa uwe na kituo chake kwa ajili ya kuhifadhi tamaduni za mkoa husika kama ambavyo Mwanza wamefanya kwenye kituo cha Bujora”.

Akachekesha kwa kuhoji, “Kama uvaaji wake utakuwa ni kwa amri kama magwanda ha jeshi au ni hiari?”

Aliongeza: “Si rahisi kupata vazi la taifa, tutajikuta tunapata vazi la viongozi na si la taifa”. Hivyo, kwa kauli yake huo mchakato umefikia ukomo wake.

Aidha, alihimiza suala la sanaa kufanywa kuwa shughuli inayoliingizia Taifa kipato na hivyo kukuza uchumi badala ya kuwa ni burudani tu.

Waziri Nape alikuwa kwenye ziara ya mikoa ya Kagera, Mara, Shinyanga, Tabora na Singida ili kusikia na kujionea changamoto mbalimbali zinazokabili watendaji, wafanyakazi, waandishi wa habari na wadau wa Wizara hiyo.

Hivi Dk Dau hana jema hata moja?

Kabla ya kuanza kuandika chochote kuhusu maudhui yenye anuani hiyo hapo juu, niwakumbushe wasomaji wangu ‘kisa’ kimoja nilichohadithiwa na rafiki yangu ambaye alikishuhudia yeye mwenyewe katika nchi moja (sipendi kwa leo kumtaja wala kuitaja hiyo nchi).

Dereva wa gari ambaye ni mzaliwa wa nchi hiyo aligonga gari ya mwenzake ambaye ni raia wa kigeni kwa dhahiri shahiri. Huyu dereva mzalendo ndiye aliyevunja utaratibu lakini cha ajabu yeye akawa akimlaumu, akimgombesha na kumtukana matusi mazito mazito yule aliyemgonga.

Yule aliyegongwa baada ya kuona watu wamejaa katika eneo la tukio akauliza: “Jamani! Katika hali hii mimi hapa kosa langu ni lipi?” Yule mzalendo aliyemgonga akamjibu hivi (na hapa ndipo kwenye nukta ninayoikusudia): “Kosa lako wewe ni kuwepo hapa nchini petu kwani kama ungekuwa kwenu, Je ningekuja kukugonga huko?”

Kisa hiki kinanikumbusha kwamba kuna baadhi ya makosa yanasababishwa na kumchukia tu mtu mwenyewe na wala si kuangalia kosa kama kosa katika mizania ya sheria.

Katika muktadha huo, ni vizuri tukajiuliza maswali kadha wa kadhaa juu ya ‘mlipuko’ wa baadhi ya wanahabari kumshambulia kwa kasi kubwa aliyekuwa Mkurugenzi Mkuu wa Shirika la Mfuko wa Taifa wa Hifadhi ya Jamii (NSSF), Dokta Ramadhan Dau. Kulikonii? Au kosa lake ni kwamba alikalia mahala pa watu ambapo leo pamerudishwa kwa wenyewe?

Baadhi ya Watanzania wamestaajabishwa sana na ‘mlipuko’ huo mkubwa wa kumtangaza na kumshambulia Dokta Dau kwa tuhuma za ufisadi kwa sababu:

a) Hao ‘washika bango’ wa kuutangaza huo waliokwishauhukumu kuwa ni ufisadi hawaonekani kama wana lengo la kuhabarisha bali wamejipa kabisa mamlaka ya kuhukumu kwa kiwango ambacho hata hawakuhitajia kumhoji huyo wanayemtuhumu, jambo ambalo linaitia kasoro taarifa yao hiyo kwa jamii.

b) Wakati wanamjengea ‘kuchafuka’ huko katika jamii ya Kitanzania wamesahau kwamba ndio ‘wanamkejeli’ Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania, Mheshimiwa Dokta John Pombe Magufuli, kana kwamba hana vyombo makini vya kumpa taarifa na ‘akapotoka’ kwa kumteua kuwa Balozi mtu ambaye kwa mtazamo wao ni ‘mhalifu’ anayehukumiwa hata bila ya kustahiki kuulizwa na kujitetea.

c) Wakati washika bango hao wakikazia kumchafua Dokta Dau huku wakisahau kwamba katika uhalifu wowote ambao ni ‘shirikishi’ kumng’ang’ania mtu mmoja tu tena kwa kumtuhumu tuhuma nzito huku wakiwaacha wengine, ni dalili ya kuwepo ‘ajenda’ zilizofichwa nyuma ya mpango huo.

d) Washika bango hao wanastaajabisha kwa ufahamu wao juu ya taarifa za Dokta Dau lakini ‘wakazikalia’ mpaka alipoondolewa ndipo ‘wapumue’ kwa kuzitoa. Je,waliogopa nini kuzitoa hapo awali? Na kwanini sasa hawaogopi kuzitoa taarifa hizo?

Kama ni kweli kwamba chanzo chao kikuu cha taarifa ni Ripoti ya Mdhibiti na Mkaguzi Mkuu wa Hesabu za Serikali (CAG) (Ripoti ambayo tayari Ofisi ya CAG imeshaikana), hivi Watanzania leo hii tumefikia kuifanya taarifa ya ukaguzi kuwa ndio hukumu halafu eti huo tuuite ndio utawala bora unaofuata sheria? Hivi Ripoti ya Mdhibiti na Mkaguzi Mkuu wa Hesabu za Serikali inajadiliwa kwanza na wanahabari kisha wafikie au iwafikie watuhumiwa katika kadhia husika?

Amma kwa upande wa pili ndipo linapozalika swali ambalo huenda lingekuwa ndio ufumbuzi wa dhana ya chuki ‘binafsi’ dhidi ya Dokta Dau. Nayo ni kwamba huyo Dokta Dau aliyetumikia katika Shirika la NSSF kwa zaidi ya miaka kumi; hivi hana hata jema moja linalofaa kutangazwa?

Hivi jicho lenye uadilifu linaweza kuangalia mapungufu ambayo ni dhana na likawacha mafanikio ambayo ni hakika? Je, washika bango wanakitazama Chuo Kikuu cha Dodoma (UDOM) kwa mtazamo upi? Je, wanaitazama miradi ya ujenzi wa nyumba za makazi inayofadhiliwa na NSSF kwa mtazamo upi? Je, wanalitazama Daraja la Kigamboni kwa mtazamo upi? Je, hayo na mengineyo kwa mtazamo wao ni mafanikio au mapungufu?

Hivi utendaji wa Dokta Dau katika Shirika la Mfuko wa Taifa wa Hifadhi ya Jamii (NSSF) kutokea mwaka 1997 hadi 2016 mwanzoni, hakuna jema hata moja linalofaa kutamkwa kabla ya kupekua kinachoonekana kuwa ni mapungufu?

Watanzania lazima tuwe wakweli na kamwe tusiache kujifunza kutokana na msemo wa Waswahili usemao:“Mnyonge mnyongeni lakini haki yake mpeni.” Kitendo cha kusahau kabisa mambo mema na mafanikio ya Dokta Dau katika Shirika hilo, hapo ndipo inapopata nguvu ile dhana kwamba Waislamu katika Tanzania hawatarajiwi kuwa raia wa daraja sawa na wenzao wa dini nyengine. Kwa hiyo, Muislamu ‘msomi’ katika Tanzania akishika wadhifa wowote katika serikali au shirika la umma hata kama atafanikisha mafanikio makubwa, anaonekana amefanikiwa kwa bahati mbaya tu kwa sababu sio matarajio Muislamu kutegemewa kuwa na uwezo katika utendaji.

Tumeshuhudia mara zote ambazo Waislamu wamekuwa viongozi wa juu katika nchi hii au katika idara, taasisi na mashirika mbalimbali ya serikali wamekumbana na matatizo na vizingiti kadha wa kadhaa mpaka walipobadilishwa na kupewa ‘wenyewe’ nafasi hizo, hapo sasa ndipo utulivu hupatikana.

Katika nchi yenye uwiano wa kukaribiana kiidadi raia wake kiimani ni aibu kubwa kuona kila eneo katika idara, taasisi na mashirika ya serikali kujazwa na raia wa dini fulani na akipatikana mmoja tu wa dini nyengine katika idara, taasisi au shirika lolote la serikali ‘atachimbwachimbwa’ mpaka ang’olewe na akishang’olewa kwa sababu tu amekalia sehemu ya ‘watu’ atachafuliwa ili jamii iaminishwe kwamba alistahili kuondolewa.

Katika hali ya ubaguzi wa aina hiyo, Watanzania Waislamu wanajiuliza: Hivi kweli tatizo ni kuwa Waislamu ‘hawakusoma?'

Hivi kwa nchi iliyo huru kwa takriban miaka hamsini sasa yule aliyewabagua raia wake kwa misingi ya dini mpaka kundi moja likapewa fursa ya elimu na kundi jengine likanyimwa; Je, huyo ni mzalendo au ni mbaguzi? Na Je, ni kweli kwamba Waislamu hawakusoma? Je, hawa Waislamu waliofikia viwango vya kushika urais, uwaziri, ukatibu mkuu wa wizara, ukurugenzi na kadhalika, sio Watanzania?

Ukweli ni vizuri ukasemwa kwamba Dokta Dau ashukuriwe kwanza mpaka Watanzania wajiridhishe kwa mafanikio haya makubwa yanayoonekana kabla ya kugeukia hayo yanayoitwa mapungufu. Huo ndio uungwana na ndio ustaarabu.

Katika hali hiyo sio vyema kukaa kimya kwani jamii kama inavyobadilika kitabia basi inabadilika kiuvumilivu na viwango vya subra.

Hivi ni kweli Dokta Dau hana jambo jema hata moja katika utumishi wake kama Mkurugenzi wa Shirika la Mfuko wa Taifa wa Hifadhi ya Jamii (NSSF) kiasi cha kuandamwa na ‘kusulubiwa’ namna hiyo? Na kama lipo, basi litajwe kwanza kwa sababu jema lipo wazi na linaonekana lakini mapungufu ni dhana inayohitaji ushahidi uliothibitishwa katika vyombo husika.
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Zifuatazo hapa ni media za matukio katika uzinduzi wa Daraja la Nyerere, Kigamboni tarehe 19 Aprili 2016...

Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Dkt John Pombe Joseph Magufuli akiteta jambo na aliyekuwa Mkurugenzi Mkuu wa NSSF Dkt Ramadhani Dau wakati wa uzinduzi rasmi wa Daraja la Kigamboni katika wilaya mpya ya Kigamboni jijini Dar es salaam leo Aprili 19, 2016.

Bungeni leo Aprili 19, 2016 katika picha

Spika wa Bunge, Job Ndugai akiongozwa na Mpambe wa Bunge kuingia kwenye ukumbi wa Bunge mjini Dodoma kuongoza kikao cha kwanza cha mkutano wa tatu wa Bunge Aprili 19, 2016.

Ruth Owenya akiapa kuwa Mbunge kwenye ukumbi wa Bunge Mjini Dodoma Aprili 19, 2016.

Ritta Kabati akiapa kuwa Mbunge kwenye ukumbi wa Bunge mjini Dodoma Aprili 19, 2016.

Spika wa Bunge Job Ndugai (kulia) akimwapisha Ritta Kabati kuwa mbunge kwenye ukumbi wa Bunge mjini Dodoma Aprili 19, 2016. (Picha na ofisi ya Waziri Mkuu)

Spika wa Bunge, Job Ndugai akimwapisha Waziri Kiongozi wa Zanzibar Mstaafu, Shamsi Vuai Nahodha kuwa Mbunge kwenye ukumbi wa Bunge Mjini Dodoma Aprili 10, 2016.

Waziri Mkuu, Kassim Majaliwa akimpongeza, Waziri Kiongozi wa Zanzibar Mstaafu , Shamsi Vuai Nahodha baada ya kuapishwa kuwa Mbunge, Bungeni mjini Dodoma, Aprili 19, 2016.

Waziri Mkuu, Kassim Majaliwa akizungumza na Mbunge wa Bumbuli na Waziri wa nchi, Ofisi ya Makamu wa Rais, Mazingira na Muungano, January Makamba, bungeni mjini Dodoma Aprili 19, 2016.

Taarifa ya Ikulu: Rais Magufuli azindua Daraja la Nyerere, Kigamboni; Amsimamisha kazi Kabwe

Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Dkt John Pombe Joseph Magufuli akiteta jambo na aliyekuwa Mkurugenzi Mkuu wa NSSF Dkt Ramadhani Dau wakati wa uzinduzi rasmi wa Daraja la Kigamboni katika wilaya mpya ya Kigamboni jijini Dar es salaam leo Aprili 19, 2016.

Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Dkt. John Pombe Magufuli leo tarehe 19 Aprili, 2016 amefungua rasmi Daraja la Kigamboni linalounganisha usafiri wa barabara kati Kigamboni na Kurasini Jiji la Dar es salaam na amependekeza Daraja hilo liitwe Daraja la Nyerere (Nyerere Bridge).

Sherehe za ufunguzi wa daraja hilo kubwa na la kipekee kwa Afrika Mashariki na Kati zimefanyika kando ya daraja hilo upande wa Kigamboni na kuhudhuriwa na viongozi na wageni mbalimbali wakiwemo Mke wa Rais Mama Janeth Magufuli, Balozi wa China nchini Tanzania Dkt. Lu Youqing, Naibu Waziri wa Ujenzi, Mawasiliano na Uchukuzi Mhandisi Edwin Ngonyani, Naibu Waziri wa Nchi Ofisi ya Waziri Mkuu (Sera, Bunge, Kazi, Vijana, Ajira na Walemavu) Mheshimiwa Antony Mavunde, Wabunge na Mameya wa Jiji na Dar es salaam.

Ujenzi wa daraja hilo umehusisha nguzo mbili za pembezoni na mihimili miwili inayoshikilia nyaya 36, na daraja zima lina urefu wa meta 680, upana wa mita 32, njia sita za magari, njia mbili za watembea kwa miguu na barabara unganishi zenye urefu wa kilometa 2.5.

Daraja hilo limejengwa kwa fedha za ndani na kugharimu jumla ya shilingi Bilioni 254.12 ambapo kati ya fedha hizo asilimia 60 zimetolewa na Shirika la Hifadhi ya Jamii (NSSF), na asilimia 40 zimetolewa na Serikali ya Tanzania.

Kujengwa kwa Daraja hili kutaondoa kero ya msongamano wa magari na usafiri kwa wakazi wa Kigamboni na wakazi wa katikati ya Jiji la Dar es salaam ambao walilazimika kutumia kivuko (Ferry) ili kukatiza eneo la mkondo wa bahari ya Hindi ama kutumia barabara ya kuzunguka kupitia Kongowe lenye urefu wa kilometa 52.

Daraja hilo limefanyiwa majaribio kwa kutumia Malori 44 yenye uzito wa tani 30 na limethibitika kuwa na uwezo wa kubeba jumla ya tani 1,320 na hivyo linatarajiwa kusaidia usafirishaji wa mizigo ya kutoka na kuingia katika bandari ya Dar es salaam.

Akizungumza katika sherehe hizo Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Dkt. John Pombe Magufuli ameagiza vyombo husika vianze mchakato wa daraja hilo kupewa jina la "Daraja la Nyerere" (Nyerere Bridge) ikiwa ni kuuenzi mchango mkubwa wa Hayati Baba wa Taifa Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere aliyefanya kazi kubwa ya kuijenga Tanzania.

Aidha, Rais Magufuli amewapongeza wadau wote waliohusika kufanikisha ujenzi wa Daraja hilo likiwemo Shirika la Hifadhi ya Jamii (NSSF), Wizara ya Ujenzi, Mawasiliano na Uchukuzi na wakandalasi kutoka China, na ametaka watanzania wajivunie daraja hilo kubwa na lililojenga heshima kubwa kwa nchi.

Pia Dkt. John Pombe Magufuli ametoa wito kwa vyombo vya habari vya Tanzania kuitangaza vyema Tanzania na kuwa na uzalendo wa kweli kwa nchi yao badala ya kubeza kazi nzuri zinazofanywa ndani ya nchi kwa manufaa ya watanzania.

Katika hatua nyingine Rais Magufuli amemsimamisha kazi Mkurugenzi wa Jiji la Dar es salaam Bw. Wilson Kabwe na kuagiza vyombo vinavyohusika kufanya uchunguzi dhidi ya tuhuma zinazomkabili za kusaini mikataba iliyosababisha serikali kupoteza mapato.

Dkt. Magufuli ametangaza uamuzi huo wakati akitoa hotuba ya ufunguzi wa daraja la Kigamboni, baada ya Mkuu wa Mkoa wa Dar es salaam Bw. Paul Makonda kumueleza kuwa amebaini upotevu wa shilingi Bilioni 3 uliotokana na Mkurugenzi wa Jiji la Dar es salaam Bw. Wilson Kabwe kusaini mikataba ya ukusanyaji mapato ya Kituo Kikuu cha Mabasi Ubungo kwa kutumia sheria iliyopitwa na wakati, na pia ukusanyaji wa tozo za uegeshaji wa magari ndani ya Jiji.

Gerson Msigwa
Kaimu Mkurugenzi wa Mawasiliano, IKULU
Dar es salaam
19 Aprili, 2016

Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Dkt John Pombe Joseph Magufuli na viongozi wengine wakitembea juu ya Daraja la Kigamboni baada ya kulizindua katika wilaya mpya ya Kigamboni jijini Dar es salaam leo Aprili 19, 2016.
 Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Dkt John Pombe Joseph Magufuli akikata utepe huku viongozi wengine wakiushikilia kuashiria uzinduzi rasmi wa Daraja la Kigamboni katika wilaya mpya ya Kigamboni jijini Dar es salaam leo Aprili 19, 2016.

Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Dkt John Pombe Joseph Magufuli akipata picha ya kumbukumbu viongozi wengine baada ya uzinduzi rasmi wa Daraja la Kigamboni katika wilaya mpya ya Kigamboni jijini Dar es salaam leo Aprili 19, 2016.

Zifuatazo ni picha zilizopigwa na KHAMISI MUSSA...

Rais John Magufuli akizungumza na wananchi na viongozi wakati wa uzinduzi wa Daraja la Kigamboni Jijini Dar es Salaam leo.

Wanahabari kwa kila mmoja katika sehemu yake

Wananchi wakimpungia mikono Rais Magufuli wakati alipokua akiondoka mara baada ya Uzinduzi wa Daraja hilo

Wasanii wa kikundi cha Dar Creators wakitoa burudani wakati wa uzinduzi wa Daraja la Kigamboni

Rais Magufuli akiwapungia mimkono wananchi wakati alipokuwa akiondoka eneo la Daraja mara baada ya kulizindua