Kurasa za mbele na nyuma za magazeti ya Tanzania leo Juni 24, 2016

Article by China's Ambassador to Tanzania: China's victory against drought; A good lesson for Tanzania

Looking back on the history of biological evolution and human civilization, drought not only claimed lives of various creatures but also impeded the development of human civilization. Mycenae, one of the cultural centers of Ancient Greece, which had been prosperous for centuries finally became ruins due to the severe drought and the following famine 1200 B.C. The Mycenaean civilization vanished along with the city as well.

In modern times, damage caused by drought is more shocking. According to statistics, five of the World Top Ten Major Natural Disasters happened in the 20th century are droughts, others are three earthquakes, one typhoon and one tsunami. The severe drought in Africa (1968-1973) claimed 2 million lives, hit 25 million people in 36 countries and forced over 10 million victims to flee home.

China is also frequently hit by drought and three out of the world five major droughts in the 20th century happened in China. Rainfall in the western and northern China is little and uneven but the evaporation rate is very high. With the annual rainfall only 300 mm and the evaporation capacity as high as 2000 mm, the available water resource per capita in some drought regions is only 110 m3 which equals to 3.7% of the world average. To cope with the challenge from the nature and build a nice homeland, generations of Chinese people have engaged in the tough war against drought. Following the Chinese tradition, "when struck by disaster, help comes from all around", the Chinese people followed the natural law, worked hard, stood self-reliant, pooled their wisdom and created a lot of amazing wonders in fighting drought, represented by the ancient "Karez Well" and modern "Water Cellar for Mothers" Project.

- Karez Well dates back to the Han dynasty of China (206 B.C.-220A.D.) which was among the three major projects in ancient China, together with the Great Wall and the Grand Canal. It is a unique way to utilize groundwater source in the drought area according to the local climatic and hydrologic conditions. Karez Wells are mainly found in the Turpan and Hami district of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China, the northwestern region nicknamed "Stove". The region is dry and nearly rainless with annual average precipitation of 16 mm and evaporation capacity as high as 3000 mm. In this region, water is as precious as cooking oil. The local people have smartly made use of the geographic advantage of the basin and channeled the underground water to the surface through a series of complicated engineering work including vertically dug well, qanat, open channel and dam to form a unique underground irrigation system which is immune to seasonal alteration, wind and sandstorm with little evaporation and stable flow of water. In this way, water shortage in the region was effectively alleviated.

After generations of hard work, today, there are more than 1200 Karez Wells with the total length over 5000 km and irrigation capacity covering 70 % of the cultivated land in Turpan of Xinjiang Region. Being moisturized by the clear water from Karez Wells, the Gobi desert of Turpan has become the oasis covered by fertile farm land and is famous for agricultural products including grape, melon, grain, cotton and edible oil. The Karez Well has become the Life-giving Stream for local people. Everyone who visited Karez Well all marveled at the sophistication and difficulty of the engineering work. It's a monument of the wisdom and diligence of the working people of China.

The public welfare project, Water Cellar for Mothers, is the pioneering undertaking of the contemporary Chinese people to pool love, expand help and create hope. The Project aims at addressing the severe water shortage in some regions of northwestern China where villagers and livestock have to depend on the too limited rainfall collected in the man-made water cellar. It was jointly initiated by All China Woman's Federation, Beijing Municipal People's Government and the Central Television of China in December 2000 and was implemented by the Woman Development Fund of China. The Project is open to the whole society for donation which will be used to build cement water cellar for families in the drought areas of northwestern China to efficiently collect rainwater for daily life. Gradually, the Project has been enriched in content with additional functions including bio-gas, farming, breeding, health care and courtyard landscaping etc. The focus of the Project has been shifted from living water shortage alleviation to the supply of water for industrial use, and the sustainable utilization of water resource.

By the end of 2014, the Project has input about 850 million RMB (about 140 million USD) and built 139,000 water cellars and 1,670 sets of small scale water supply facility. It directly benefited 2.5 million residents in the districts and cities of 25 regions mainly in northwestern China. By the end of 2011, the Sub-project of the Water Cellar for Mothers, Safe Water in Campus Project, was initiated and 47.4 million RMB (about 8 million USD) was invested to build and rehabilitate the safe water and sanitation facilities, install water purifying equipment and carry out education on health which has directly benefited more than 260,000 students and teachers.

The report of Asian Development Bank entitled National Water Action ----China has a special chapter about Water Cellar for Mothers' and commended the project as the remarkable creation securing safe water for people in the drought area. Reports of international organizations including World Bank and the United Nations also reaffirmed the significant role that Water Cellar for Mothers is playing in alleviating life difficulties of people in the drought regions.

Although the average annual rainfall of Tanzania in the past 10 years is as high as 1071 mm and even the driest region, Dodoma, could get 570 mm of annual rainfall on average, yet due to the shortage of water conservancy facilities, Tanzania is still faced with severe water shortage which acted as bottleneck for social and economic development and the improvement of people's livelihood. The Karez Well and Water Cellar for Mothers of China are good references. It's expected that with the joint efforts of China and Tanzania, suitable water conservancy and irrigation system could be established in Tanzania to benefit the local people.

By Dr LU Youqing

The writer is Ambassador of the People's Republic of China to Tanzania.

Cellphone and temporary blindness

Vision loss in one eye can be a sign that a person is having a small stroke, which is why one of the women was put on blood thinners and the other got a brain scan. It can also signal a compressed optic nerve.

But after further investigation, researchers writing Wednesday in The New England Journal of Medicine think the problem is much simpler. They're calling the affliction "transient smartphone 'blindness.' "

"They were looking at their smartphones and they just happened to have one eye covered because they were lying in bed," says Omar Mahroo, an ophthalmologist at Moorfields Eye Hospital in London and an author on the letter.

A 22-year-old woman in England thought she was going blind in one eye. She could always see fine out of her left eye. But on some nights, the right eye failed her. All she could see out of it were vague shapes in the room.

At first, it happened about two or three times a week. Then it started happening every night.

When she went to the doctor, her vision appeared normal. So did brain scans. But it was a disturbing trend.

Around the same time, another woman noticed the same thing. On some mornings, she'd lose vision in just one eye for up to 20 minutes. It was bothersome enough to land her in the emergency room.

President of a regional bank in China suspended for spanking employees for poor performance

A punishment carried out on an auditorium stage Saturday in China -- in full view of around 200 fellow employees of the Rural Commercial Bank in Shanxi province for poor performance -- has left the president of the regional bank and second executive suspended.
The video seems to have been recorded by an audience member before going viral.

People's Daily provides these details about the bank's explanation:
"The announcement made by the Shanxi Rural Credit Cooperatives said that this was a 'Breakthrough in Performance' training session for their employees. The trainers were hired from 'Hongfeng Leadership Academy' in Shanghai. One of the trainers graded their performance on June 18, and punished those who ranked bottom by spanking and cutting hair.
"The bank said it has stopped the training session, asked the Leadership Academy and its trainer to openly apologize, and suspended several managing personnels from the branch. Economic compensation is in discussion for the spanked employees, said the announcement."
According to the South China Morning Post, the man identified as the wood-wielding trainer has apologized for his actions.

Citing the Beijing Times, the Morning Post adds that the trainer, Jiang Yang, explained that he sees spanking as "one of the most effective ways to raise consciousness" — and that he acknowledges that not everyone would agree.

[video] Hotuba ya Rais Magufuli wakati wa makabidhiano ripoti ya Uchaguzi Mkuu 2015

Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania, Mhe. Dkt. John Pombe Magufuli (kushoto) akisalimiana na Rais Mstaafu wa awamu ya nne Mhe. Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete mara baada ya kuwasili katika Ukumbi wa Ikulu, kwa ajili ya makabidhiano ya taarifa ya Uchaguzi Mkuu wa Rais, Wabunge na Madiwani.

Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Mhe. Dkt. John Pombe Magufuli akihutubia wageni waalikwa (hawapo pichani) katika hafla ya Makabidhiano ya taarifa ya Uchaguzi Mkuu wa Rais, Wabunge na Madiwani wa mwaka 2015.

Taarifa hiyo imekabidhiwa leo na Mwenyekiti wa Tume ya Taifa ya Uchaguzi Mhe. Jaji Damian Lubuva kwa Mhe. Rais Magufuli, katika hafla iliyofanyika Ikulu, Jijini Dar es Salaam na kuhudhuriwa na Viongozi Wakuu wastaafu wa Serikali, Viongozi wa Tume ya Uchaguzi Tanzania Bara na Zanzibar, Waheshimiwa Mawaziri na Viongozi Waandamizi wa Serikali, wengine ni Viongozi Wakuu wa vyombo vya Ulinzi na Usalama, Waheshimiwa Mabalozi na Wakuu wa Mashirika ya Kimataifa wanaowakilisha nchini.

Mhe. Rais akionyesha taarifa aliyokabidhiwa na Mhe. Lubuva kwa wageni waalikwa

Kulia ni Waziri wa Mambo ya Nje na Ushirikiano wa Afrika Mashariki Mhe. Balozi Dkt. Augustine Mahiga akijadili jambo na Katibu Mkuu Kiongozi Balozi Eng. John Kijazi(Katikati) mara baada ya kuwasili Ikulu kwaajili ya kushuhudia makabidhiano hayo.

Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara ya Mambo ya Nje na Ushirikiano wa Afrika Mashariki Balozi Dkt. Aziz Mlima (wa kwanza kulia) akifuatilia hotuba iliyokuwa ikiwasilishwa na Mhe. Rais Magufuli

Mkuu wa Mabalozi, Mhe. Ambrosio Montecilo Balozi wa Angola nchini (wa kwanza kushoto) pamoja na Mabalozi wengine wanaowakilisha mataifa yao nchini wakishuhudia zoezi la makabidhiano ya taarifa ya NEC

Sehemu nyingine ya Mabalozi wakishudia makabidhiano

Kaimu Mkuu wa Itifaki wa Wizara ya Mambo ya Nje na Ushirikiano wa Afrika Mashariki Bw. James Bwana (kushoto) akiwa na Kaimu Mkurugenzi wa Mawasiliano Ikulu Bw. Gerson Msigwa wakiratibu hafla hiyo.

Mhe. Rais akiwa katika picha ya pamoja na viongozi Wakuu wa Tume ya Uchaguzi Tanzania Bara na Zanzibar, Viongozi wengine Wakuu wa Serikali na Marais wastaafu wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania

Mhe. Rais na meza kuu wakiwa katika picha ya pamoja na Waheshimiwa Mawaziri na Watendaji Wakuu wa Serikali

Mhe. Rais na meza kuu katika picha ya pamoja na Waheshimiwa Mabalozi na Wakuu wa Mashirika ya Kimataifa wanaowakilisha hapa nchini

Mhe. Rais na meza kuu katika picha ya pamoja na Wakuu wa Idara wa Tume ya Uchaguzi Tanzania (NEC)

Bw. James Bwana akiagana na Mkuu wa Jeshi la Polisi nchini (IGP) Ernest Mangu mara baada ya kumalizika kwa hafla hiyo

Waziri Mahiga akijadili jambo na Maafisa kutoka Wizara ya Mambo ya Nje na Ushirikiano wa Afrika Mashariki. 

Mealezo ya ACT-Wazalendo kuhusu kauli ya Rais Magufuli ya siasa za vyama wakati huu

RAIS wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania, Dk John Magufuli amewaonya wanasiasa wanaomchelewesha kufanya kazi ya kuwatumikia Watanzania.

Rais Magufuli ameyasema hayo leo baada ya kupokea ripoti ya Uchaguzi Mkuu wa mwaka 2015 kutoka kwa Tume ya Taifa ya Uchaguzi (NEC).

Amesema haiwezekani uchaguzi umepita na mshindi amepatikana lakini wanasiasa hao wanaendeleza siasa ilhali wananchi wanataka watumikiwe wapate maendeleo.

Rais amesema hatawavumilia viongozi wa siasa wenye lengo baya na nchi na kuwataka waweke maslahi ya Taifa mbele badala ya vyama vyao.

Amewataka kufanya siasa baada ya miaka mitano ambapo wananchi watawapima kile walichokifanya kwa muda wote huo.

Awali Mwenyekiti wa Tume ya Taifa ya Uchaguzi, Jaji Mstaafu Damian Lubuva alisema suala la Kura ya Maoni halikusitishwa kama baadhi ya watu wanavyosema bali iliahirishwa kwa kuwa wakati kura hiyo ilipotakiwa kupigwa Aprili Mwaka jana, Tume ilikuwa na jukumu kubwa la kuandaa uchaguzi Mkuu.

Kutokana na hali hiyo, Jaji Lubuva alisema Tume haikuwa na uwezo wa kubeba mambo mawili makubwa kwa wakati mmoja. Jaji Lubuva amesema kutokana na zoezi la Uchaguzi Mkuu kumalizika rasmi, Tume iko tayari kuanza mchakato wa kura ya maoni.

Kuhusu suala hilo la Kura ya Maoni, Rais Dk Magufuli amemhakikishia Jaji Lubuva kuwa serikali italiamualia mara baada ya Tume kulifikisha serikalini.

Kauli ya Rais ya Kuzuia Vyama vya Siasa Kufanya Shughuli za Siasa kwa Miaka Mitano ni Tangazo la Vita dhidi ya Demokrasia na Mfumo wa Vyama vingi Nchini.

Kauli ya Rais ya Kuzuia Vyama vya Siasa Kufanya Shughuli za Siasa kwa Miaka Mitano ni Tangazo la Vita dhidi ya Demokrasia na Mfumo wa Vyama vingi Nchini

Tumepokea kwa MSHTUKO na masikitiko makubwa kauli ya Rais kwamba vyama vya siasa havipaswi kufanya siasa isipokuwa wakati wa Kampeni na kupitia bungeni. Kimsingi kauli ya Rais ni kauli yenye nia ya kuvunja Sheria ya Vyama vya siasa inayolinda uwepo wa mfumo wa vyama vingi na kuhimiza vya vya siasa kufanya shughuli za siasa katika msimu wote ili kuthibitisha uhai wao.

Tunaichukulia kauli ya Rais kama tangazo la vita dhidi ya demokrasia na uhai wa vyama vingi nchini. Chama chetu kitaitisha vikao vya dharura kujadili hali ya siasa nchini na namna ya kukabiliana na mashambulizi yanayoendelea dhidi ya demokrasia nchini mwetu.

Tunatoa wito kwa vyama vyote vya siasa vinavyoamini katika misingi ya demokrasia nchini kukutana haraka na kujadili namna ya kuunganisha nguvu pamoja katika kupigana vita mpya ya kulinda demokrasia nchini mwetu.

Aidha, tunatoa wito kwa wananchi wote na taasisi za kiraia kusimama imara katika kulinda demokrasia. Tunasisitiza kuwa ushahidi wa kisayansi duniani kote unaonyesha kuwa huwezi kuua demokrasia bila kuua juhudi za maendeleo. Tusiruhusu mtu yeyote mwenye mamlaka kuua demokrasia nchini mwetu.Hatua zozote za kuua demokrasia ni kuua Umoja, Amani na Mshikamano wa wananchi na Taifa, ambayo ndiyo misingi ya maendeleo ya nchi yetu kijamii, kisiasa na kiuchumi. Tunatoa wito kwa wananchi wote kushikamana na kusimama imara katika kipindi hiki kigumu ili kulinda demokrasia.

Zitto Kabwe, MB
Kiongozi wa Chama, ACT Wazalendo
Alhamisi, 23 Juni 2016.

Taarifa ya habari ChannelTEN Juni 23, 2016

[video] Hotuba ya Rais Mafuguli ya Juni 22, 2016 kwenye Golden Jubilee ya Benki Kuu

Serikali yatia saini kununua hisa baki 35% za Bharti Airtel Afrika zilizokuwa TTCL

Laurence Mafuru (mwenye tai ya bluu) akionesha hati ya mauziano ya hisa. Kulia ni Ofisa Mtendaji Mkuu wa kampuni ya Bharti Airtel Afrika, Christian De Faria (mwenye tai nyekundu) akiwa kwenye hafla ya kusaini mkataba wa mauziano hayo. Nyuma waliosimama ni viongozi mbalimbali wa TTCL na Wizara ya Ujenzi, Uchukuzi na Mawasiliano walioshuhudia tukio hilo.

SERIKALI imetiliana saini kuzinunua rasmi hiza asilimia 35 za Kampuni ya Bharti Airtel Afrika ndani ya Kampuni ya Simu Tanzania (TTCL) ikiwa ni hitimisho la kuimiliki TTCL kwa asilimia 100 hivi sasa.

Tukio hilo limefanyika leo jijini Dar es Salaam ambapo serikali imewakilishwa na Msajili wa Hazina, Laurence Mafuru huku kampuni ya Bharti Airtel Afrika ikiwakilishwa na Ofisa Mtendaji Mkuu wa kampuni hiyo, Christian De Faria.

Akizungumza katika hafla hiyo ya kutiliana saini, Laurence Mafuru aliishukuru Kampuni ya Bharti Airtel kwa kukubali kuuza hisa zake na kuirejeshea serikali umiliki wa asilimia mia moja (100) ndani ya TTCL.
“Zipo sababu za kibiashara na maslahi mapana ya nchi ambayo yametuongoza kufikia hatua hii muhimu. Ni imani ya serikali kuwa, baada ya kusaini nyaraka hizi zinazohitimisha ubia wa kampuni hizi, tutaiona TTCL mpya iliyo na kasi na viwango vya hali ya juu vya huduma kwa wananchi sambamba na kujiendesha kibiashara na kutoa gawio kwa serikali yenye malengo na matarajio makubwa sana kwa kampuni hii,” Amesema Mafuru.
Ofisa Mtendaji Mkuu wa kampuni ya Bharti Airtel Afrika, De Faria alisema kampuni yao inayo furaha kubwa kuendelea kushirikiana na serikali ya Tanzania katika kuinua mchango wa Sekta ya Mawasiliano katika kukuza uchumi na ustawi wa Wananchi wake.
“Tumeshirikiana kwa muda mrefu na tunaamini kuwa, tutaendelea kuwa pamoja katika kuikuza Sekta ya Mawasiliano nchini Tanzania. Tunaishukuru serikali na TTCL kwa kutekeleza makubaliano yetu na kuhitimisha ubia huu, alisema kiongozi huyo wa Bharti Airtel.
Kwa upande wake Mwenyekiti wa Bodi ya TTCL, Profesa Tolly Mbwete akizungumza alisema kuhitimishwa kwa ubia huo wa kibiashara kati ya TTCL na Bharti Artel kunaleta faraja kubwa kwa uongozi wa TTCL.
“...Tumesubiri kwa muda mrefu ili taratibu za mchakato huu zikamilike, hatimae siku imewadia. Pamoja na shukrani za dhati kwa serikali na wenzetu wa Bharti Airtel kwa kufanikisha mchakato huu, nirudie wito wangu kwa menejimenti na wafanyakazi wa TTCl, sasa kumekucha. Ni wakati wa kuonesha kwa vitendo uwezo na uzalendo wetu katika kutekeleza mipango yetu ya kibiashara na ndoto yetu kuwa mhimili na kinara wa sekta ya nawasiliano nchini,” aliongeza Profesa Mbwete.
Naye Ofisa Mtendaji Mkuu wa TTCL, Dk. Kamugisha Kazaura akizungumza katika tukio hilo alisema hatua hiyo itaongeza kasi ya Kampuni ya Simu Tanzania katika kutekeleza mikakati yake ya kibiashara ya muda mfupi, wa kati na muda mrefu.
“Hivi karibuni, kumekuwa na juhudi kubwa zinazofanywa na Bodi, Manejimenti na Watumishi wa TTCL katika kuitikia wito wa Mhe Rais wa Jamuhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania wa kuihuisha Kampuni hii, kuirejesha katika ushindani na kuifanya kuwa moja ya wachangiaji muhimu wa uchumi kupitia huduma za Mawasiliano na gawiwo kwa serikali,” alisema Dk. Kamugisha Kazaura.
Aliongeza kuwa tayari TTCL imeanza kuboresha huduma za mawasiliano ya simu za mezani, mkononi na intaneti ikiwa ni pamoja na kuzindua huduma mpya kama vile 4G LTE, IPTV, FMC (Fixed Mobile Convergency), kuhuisha simu za mezani zifanye kazi.

Aidha katika kujiimarisha TTCL pia imezindua nembo mpya ya kampuni, inaendelea kuboresha maduka na vituo vyao vya kutolea huduma kwa wateja na kutumia vyema vyombo vya habari na mitandao ya kijamii kwa kutoa elimu kwa umma na kufanya matangazo na promosheni. Hizi zote ni juhudi za kutekeleza kwa vitendo agizo la Rais wa Tanzania, Dk. John Pombe Magufuli.

Kampuni ya Zain Group (kwa sasa Bharti Airtel) ilionesha nia ya kujiondoa kwenye umiliki wa hisa asilimia 35 ndani ya TTCL mwaka , 2009. Serikali ya Tanzania kama mmiliki mwenye hisa nyingi (majority shareholder) ilikubaliana na uamuzi wa Mbia Mwenza kuondoka katika umiliki wa TTCL

Hii ilitokana na sababu kubwa kuwa mbia mwenza alitaka kujikita zaidi na biashara ya simu za mkononi na wakati huohuo serikali ilitaka kuiimarisha TTCL katika huduma inazotoa zikiwemo simu za mezani na huduma ya data pamoja na simu za mkononi.

Mazungumzo ya kuondoka kwa Mbia Mwenza ndani ya TTCL yalianza rasmi mwezi Julai, 2009 hata hivyo, majadiliano hayakuweza kuhitimishwa kutokana na uamuzi wa kampuni ya Zain Group ambayo tayari ilionesha nia ya kuondoka TTCL, kuuza hisa zake kwa Kampuni ya Bharti Airtel mwaka 2010. Majadiliano rasmi ya ununuzi wa asilimia 35 ya hisa za Bharti Airtel katika TTCL kati ya timu ya majadiliano ya serikali na Bharti Airtel yalianza tarehe 6 Novemba, 2012 na kuhitimishwa tarehe 20 Novemba, 2014 kwa makubaliano ya serikali kununua hisa hizo kwa thamani ya shilingi Bilioni 14.9. majadiliano yaliingatia taarifa za wathamini zilizotolewa na pande zote mbili pamoja na haja nyingine za msingi.

Baraza la Mawaziri kupitia kikao cha tarehe 19 Februari, 2015 liliridhia makubaliano yaliyofikiwa kati ya timu ya majadiliano ya serikali na Bharti Airtel ya serikali kununua hisa za Bharti Airtel ndani ya TTCL kwa thamani ya shilingi bilioni 14.9/= na kuagiza yatekelezwe.

Mnamo tarehe 10 Julai, 2015 Bunge la Jamhuri ya Muungano Tanzania lilikubaliana na uamuzi wa serikali na kushauri kuwa serikali iharakishe kutekeleza mpango wake wa kuilipa Bharti Airtel ili iendelee na mipango yake ya kuiboresha TTCL.

Kusainiwa kwa Mkataba wa Bharti Airtel kunahitimisha mbio za muda mrefu za pande zote mbili kutaka hisa zinazomilikwa na Bharti Airtel ndani ya TTCL kurudishwa serikalini.

Msajili wa Hazina, Laurence Mafuru (wa kwanza kulia) akimkabidhi Mwenyekiti wa Bodi ya TTCL, Profesa Tolly Mbwete (katikati) hati ya mauzo ya hisa asilimia 35 za Kampuni ya Bharti Airtel Afrika. Serikali imezinunua rasmi hisa za kampuni hiyo ndani ya TTCL ambapo leo wamesaini mkataba wa mauziano wa hisa hizo. Kulia ni Ofisa Mtendaji Mkuu wa kampuni ya Bharti Airtel Afrika, Christian De Faria akishuhudia.

Msajili wa Hazina, Laurence Mafuru (mwenye tai ya bluu) akionesha hati ya mauziano ya hisa. Kulia ni Ofisa Mtendaji Mkuu wa kampuni ya Bharti Airtel Afrika, Christian De Faria (mwenye tai nyekundu). Kulia ni Ofisa Mkuu Mdhibiti wa Kampuni ya Bhart Airtel Afrika, Daddy Mukadi akiwa kwenye hafla hiyo.
Msajili wa Hazina, Laurence Mafuru (katikati) akizungumza katika hafla ya kutiliana saini ya mauziano ya hisa. Serikali leo imezinunua rasmi hisa za Kampuni ya Bharti Airtel Afrika. Kulia ni Naibu Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara ya Ujenzi, Uchukuzi na Mawasiliano, Dk. Maria Sasabo akiwa katika hafla hiyo na Ofisa Mtendaji Mkuu wa TTCL, Dk. Kamugisha Kazaura (wa kwanza kulia).
Msajili wa Hazina, Laurence Mafuru (kushoto) akijadiliana jambo na Ofisa Mtendaji Mkuu wa kampuni ya Bharti Airtel Afrika, Christian De Faria kwenye hafla ya kutiliana saini ya mauzo ya hisa asilimia 35 za kampuni ya Bharti Airtel leo Dar es Salaam.

Msajili wa Hazina Laurance Mafuru akipokea hati ya kuzinunua rasmi hiza asilimia 35 za Kampuni ya BhartiAirtelAfrika kutoka Ofisa Mtendaji Mkuu wa kampuni ya Bharti Airtel Afrika, De Faria ndani ya Kampuni ya Simu Tanzania TTCL ikiwa ni hitimisho la kuimiliki TTCL kwa asilimia 100 hivi sasa.

Taarifa ya uteuzi wa Rais Magufuli wa M/Kiti wa Bodi TBS na Naibu Mkurugenzi Mkuu Uvuvi

Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Dkt. John Pombe Magufuli amemteua Prof. Makenya Abraham Honoratus Maboko kuwa Mwenyekiti wa bodi ya Shirika la Viwango Tanzania (TBS).

Taarifa iliyotolewa leo tarehe 23 Juni, 2016 na Katibu Mkuu Kiongozi Balozi John Kijazi inasema uteuzi huu umeanza tarehe 21 Juni, 2016.Prof. Makenya Abraham Honoratus Maboko anachukua nafasi iliyoachwa wazi na Prof. Cuthbert Mhilu ambaye amemaliza muda wake.Prof. Maboko ni Mhadhiri wa Jiolojia katika Chuo Kikuu cha Dar es salaam (UDSM).

Wakati huo huo, Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Dkt. John Pombe Magufuli amemteua Dkt. Omari Ali Amir kuwa Naibu Mkurugenzi Mkuu wa Mamlaka ya Uvuvi wa Bahari Kuu.

Kabla ya uteuzi huo Dkt. Omari Ali Amir alikuwa Naibu Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara ya Mifugo na Uvuvi, Serikali ya Mapinduzi Zanzibar. Taarifa ya Katibu Mkuu Kiongozi Balozi John Kijazi inasema uteuzi wa Dkt. Omari Ali Amir umeanza tarehe 21 Juni, 2016.

Utaratibu wa kujaza nafasi ya Mkurugenzi Mkuu na Naibu Mkurugenzi Mkuu wa Mamlaka ya Uvuvi wa bahari kuu ni wa kubadilishana kila baada ya miaka mitatu kati ya Tanzania Bara na Tanzania Zanzibar, ambapo Mkurugenzi Mkuu akitoka upande mmoja wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania basi Naibu Mkurugenzi Mkuu hutoka upande mwingine wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania na kinyume chake.

Gerson Msigwa
Kaimu Mkurugenzi wa Mawasiliano, IKULU
Dar es salaam

23 Juni, 2016

Msama amtaka radhi Dk Mwakyembe na kumsimamisha mhariri wa gazeti la Dira

Alex Msama akizungumza na waandishi wa habari huku akiwa ameshika gazeti la Dira

MFANYABIASHARA Alex Msama amemuomba radhi Waziri wa Sheria na Katiba, Dk. Harrison Mwakyembe kufuatia habari mbili zilizochapishwa katika Gazeti la Dira ya Mtanzania analolimiliki.

Akizungumza leo na waandishi wa habari jijini Dar es Salaam, Msama alisema amejiridhisha kuwa habari hiyo iliyobeba kichwa cha habari ‘Utapeli wa Mwakyembe wamwagwa hadharani’ haikufuata misingi ya uandishi wa habari. 

Habari nyingine ambayo imeonekana kumchafua Dk Mwakyembe ni ile ya Mwakyembe atuhumiwa kutapeli bilioni 2 ambazo zimemuumiza kiongozi huyo. Alisema yeye kama mmiliki wa gazeti hilo amesikitishwa na habari hiyo na kwamba hatua ya kwanza anayoichukua ni kumuomba radhi Waziri Mwakyembe.

Msama alisema sambamba na kuomba radhi atamfikishia barua Mwakyembe ya kumtaka radhi kwa tukio hilo. 
“Nimesikitishwa na habari hii kwa kuwa haikuzingatia misingi ya uandishi wa habari, ilihukumu na kuonyesha kuwa lengo lake lilikuwa kumharibia jina Waziri Mwakyembe, ninachukua nafasi hii kumuomba radhi nikiwa mmiliki wa gazeti hilo,” alisema Msama.
Aidha Msama alisema hatua nyingine anayochukua ni kumsimamisha kazi mhariri wa gazeti hilo, Mussa Mkama kwa kuwa alishindwa kufanya kazi yake kwa umakini ya kuhakikisha habari anazozipitisha zinafuata misingi ya uandishi wa habari na weledi. Alisema Mkama alipaswa kuhakikisha anafuata weledi lakini alishindwa kufanya hivyo kwa hiyo anamsimamisha kazi na kwamba hatua nyingine kali za kinidhamu zitafuata.
“Mimi ni mfanyabiashara sijui mambo ya uandishi, nilimuajiri nikiamini atasimamia yale aliyofundishwa chuoni, kwa kuwa ameshindwa inabidi akae pembeni kwanza,” 
alisisitiza Msama. Ameahidi kuwa katika Gazeti la Dira ya Mtanzania litakalotoka Juni 27, kwa ukubwa uleule atamuomba radhi Waziri Mwakyembe.

Hivi karibuni Waziri Mwakyembe aliitisha mkutano wa waandishi wa habari mjini Dodoma akilalamikia kuwa habari mbili za gazeti hilo iliyochapishwa na Gazeti la Dira ya Mtanzania la Juni 20 na la Juni 23 mwaka huu zililenga kumchafua na kuahidi kuwa atalishtaki kupitia habari hizo mbili. 

Alex Msama akizungumza na waandishi wa habari huku akiwa ameshika gazeti la Dira,wakati alipomuomba Radhi Mh. Dk. Harisson Mwakyembe Waziri wa Sheria na Katiba kutokana na Gazeti la Dira analomiliki kumuandika vibaya.

Graphite rush intensifies in Mozambique and Tanzania

(image source: kibaranresources.com.au)
Verification by Armadale of high-grade graphite in Tanzania came hot on the heels of Australian graphite developer Syrah Resources raising A$194-million for its Balama graphite project in Mozambique and smaller Volt Resources, with the Namangale graphite project in Tanzania, announcing a $4-million placement.

London Aim-quoted Armadale reported graphite mineralisation of up to 33.8% from rock chip samples taken from the Mahenge Liandu graphite project in south-east Tanzania, which it is in the process of acquiring from Graphite Advancement Tanzania.

Armadale chairperson Peter Marks commented in a release to Creamer Media’s Mining Weekly Online that Liandu represented an opportunity for Armadale to get exposure to the burgeoning graphite market, with modest near-term capital expenditure and limited risk.

Liandu is close to both the Epanko and Mahenge projects, both with considerable graphite resources.

Australian-listed Kibaran Resources is developing Epanko and Black Rock Mining, which is also Australian-listed, is developing Mahenge.

The recently published Benchmark Mineral Intelligence indicated that new sources of graphite production would be needed for the emerging lithium-ion battery sector.

Syrah – which has signed a second supply transaction with Marubeni Corporation of Japan for the offtake of 50 000 t of spherical graphite a year, the first involving the sale of 20 000 t of flake graphite a year – reported that Balama would produce its first ore in the second quarter of 2017.

“Institutional investors swamped a A$194-million equity raising from Syrah in the most emphatic indication to date of the market’s red-hot interest in graphite,” The Australian newspaper commented, adding that Balama was destined be the world’s largest graphite mine and that the capital raising had left Syrah with funding to develop a downstream graphite processing plant in the US.

As happened with rare earths, China is reportedly becoming increasingly reluctant to part with graphite, and has imposed high export duties to discourage graphite exports and to encourage domestic graphite processing.

Volt has signed three memorandums of understanding with Chinese graphite end-users on potential supply out of Namangale.

Armadale said that graphite mineralisation of up to 33.8% total graphite content at Liandu had been demonstrated through analysis of rock chip samples taken from graphite schist outcrops over 1.5 km.

The company said that independent consultants, Newport Mining Services, confirmed visual estimates of graphite content in the graphitic schists, which is considered to be a strong indication of assayed grade mineralisation.

Lithium-ion batteries currently on the market have graphite anodes and cobalt oxide, iron phosphate or manganese oxide cathodes. However, one manufacturer has reportedly created a new type of silicon anode, which, with the help of a layer of graphene, can contain more lithium ions than graphite.

Tanzania is ready for GM crops, affirms Permanent Secretary

The Permanent Secretary of Tanzania's Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, Honorable Florens Turuka has vouched for the country's readiness to transact business on GM crops. Speaking at the launch of the ISAAA Global Report on Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops (2015), Honorable Turuka said the government intends to revolutionize agriculture by introducing biotech crops to improve the quality of yields.

"We want to make sure that the quality of the yields that we are harvesting is improved. We believe this report we have launched will help us show the public on how other countries are benefiting from agri-biotechnology." Prof. Gerald Monela, Vice Chancellor, Sokoine University of Agriculture, the host of the event, echoed Hon. Turuka' sentiments, adding that the country has the required capacity for research on GM crops.

"Our experts here at the university will follow internationally accepted guidelines to conduct the research on GM crops." Prof. Monela urged the public not to worry and asked leaders "who because of misinformation, might have said inaccurate things, that have instilled fear in the public to reassure them of the safety standards in place."

The meeting was organized by the Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology in Tanzania in collaboration with the Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology (COSTECH) at the Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) in Morogoro, Eastern Tanzania, on May 30, 2016. It was attended by 90 participants, including farmers, scientists, representatives from academia and media.

For more information on the event, contact Mr. Philbert Nyinondi, coordinator of the OFAB Programming Committee in Tanzania at [email protected]

Fishermen in Tanzania still using explosives to catch fish


Around the world, fishermen who want a really easy way to catch a bunch of fish are doing so with dynamite.

The practice goes on all over the world, from Lebanon to Malaysia, National Geographic reported recently, but nowhere is it more prevalent than in Tanzania.

“I would say probably for the last five years it’s at least as bad or worse than it’s ever been,” Jason Rubens, a marine conservationist with World Wildlife Fund’s Tanzania branch, told Nat Geo. The Wildlife Conservation Society spent time studying the prevalence of this illegal practice and counted 300 explosions in 30 days along the coast of Tanzania, more than 10 blasts a day.

Fishermen attach dynamite to weighted plastic bottles and toss them overboard. The dynamite kills all fish in the blast radius, but it also kills reefs, turtles and non-salable fish.

So why do people do it? “The situation is that we don’t have proper fishing equipment, so we can’t work,” one fisher said. “The easiest way for many people to earn something is from fishing with dynamite.”

It’s also dangerous. Scuba divers are sometimes caught unawares by dynamite fishermen, scaring and potentially hurting them. If people won’t swim in the sea for fear of incidents like those, wrote National Geographic’s Jani Actman, that’s also a problem for Tanzania, where tourism makes up 17 percent of its gross domestic product.

“My goal is to educate the community on how to conserve our ocean resources,” said Omari Abdallah, a former dynamite fisherman who now works for Sea Sense, a Tanzania nongovernmental organization.

But how can this practice be stopped in the long term? Most likely, the only way to do so won’t be by stepping up patrols or limiting access to explosives. But by providing alternate means of income to the fishermen who engage in this process, perhaps it can be eradicated for good.


Using satellite imagery, drones to build resilience against floods in Tanzania

Community members with Humanitarian OpenStreetMap, a partner with Ramani Huria, leverage imagery to begin mapping and capturing GPS coordinates.
There is a lot of hype around opening up access to commercial satellite imagery, particularly when it comes to global development initiatives. But when it comes down to it, there is still a huge gap between those of us in the technology world and the communities we seek to benefit. These communities are often far removed from actually using geospatial information in their everyday lives, due to factors like lacking access to technology (computers and data networks), technical capability and awareness of available data. As a result, they tend to distrust information coming from outside sources and are reticent to adopt recommendations from outside groups.

Truly ubiquitous satellite imagery means empowering communities to produce, analyze and leverage their own information products. The generation and ownership of the data is directly tied to the community. In that sense, there are many ways in which DigitalGlobe partners with global development organizations to empower communities through participatory mapping. One such initiative is Ramani Huria.

Ramani Huria, which means Open Map in Swahili, is composed of a broad consortium, consisting of the Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology, the University of Dar es Salaam, Ardhi University, Dar es Salaam City Council, Buni Innovation Hub, supported by the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT), the World Bank, GFDRR and Red Cross. Ramani Huria is focused on mapping the flood prone neighborhoods of Dar es Salaam.

Ramani Huria is unlocking the potential of DigitalGlobe’s satellite imagery, alongside many other data inputs, to communities by teaching them how to create highly sophisticated and highly accurate maps of Dar es Salaam, the largest city in Tanzania and the fastest growing city in Africa. From neighborhood to neighborhood, communities are producing these maps to support flood resiliency efforts. Rather than pay for expensive, static flood models, this project helps communities map residential areas, roads, streams, floodplains, and other relevant features, then combines these data with other inputs in software to run realistic natural disaster scenarios for improved disaster preparedness planning and response plans. Participants not only learn valuable computer and mapping skills; they also have a stake in the community’s efforts to become more resilient in the face of continued seasonal flooding.

Beyond flood resiliency, these maps have realized huge value for communities in other ways. Last August, Dar es Salaam experienced a rare cholera outbreak. In Tandale, one of the communities hit hardest by the outbreak, neighborhood leaders immediately started using the maps created by Ramani Huria to identify water and sanitation infrastructure within the area, allowing local government to investigate possible sources. In another use case, these maps are supporting the creation of real-time transportation apps, so communities know exactly when the next dala dala, or bus, will pass by next.

Ramani Huria is the future of mapping for development. It is an example of communities producing critical information using a combination of data sources from satellite imagery to drones to GPS devices. Together, community members and university students learn how to produce a field map, how to collect GPS coordinates, how to create vector layers in OSM and much more. It is high tech meets traditional mapping in a beautiful combination of cutting edge tactics and local ownership. Ramani Huria is helping to create the next generation of Tanzanian geospatial experts. This is the real democratization of satellite imagery, enabling communities to derive useful information themselves to fit their needs.

Another example of high tech meeting local traditions is the ‘mapping bajaj’. With support from Trimble and Mapillary, Ramani Huria adapted a local means of transportation in Dar to hold two cameras to take and upload street view imagery to provide additional data inputs to communities.

Written by Deogratias Minja and Innocent Maholi
  • Deogratias Minja is a Technical Consultant at the World Bank.
  • Innocent Maholi is Lead Mapping Supervisor at Humanitarian OpenStreetMap (HOT).

Tanzania: SLUSH Global Impact Accelerator Competition is back!

For the second time in Tanzania, we are excited to announce that the Slush Global Impact Accelerator will take place and there will be a competition right here in Dar es Salaam which will determine who attends the program.

Slush Global Impact Accelerator is a program created in collaboration with the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland and multiple partners globally. The purpose is to create a leading global program to support startups that are looking to solve some of the most pressing global challenges and contributing to the discussion on impact investing.

Slush Global Impact Accelerator 2016 brings impact entrepreneurs from emerging markets to Helsinki to accelerate their business, attract additional financing and make an even greater impact on their societies and beyond. The program includes online pre-event coaching and Helsinki boot camp program from November 22–December 2, 2016 culminating in Slush.

Last year 15 hubs from Brazil to Vietnam took part in this program and this year it is expanding to 20. Group of 40 entrepreneurs and all the hubs will join the program in Finland after all the final selections procedures completed.

The design of the accelerator program builds on local innovation ecosystems, with the aim of helping to build local capacity and support the creation of local impact ecosystems. This year, whole Nordics will join to build life-lasting connections.

Through the organizing of 15 local events done by SLUSH, it was learnt that the impact ecosystem varies greatly from country to country both in nature and scale.

Slush is Europe’s leading startup and technology event, which connects startups and tech talent with top-tier international investors, executives, and media. In 2015, Slush brought together 15,000 attendees from one hundred nations for the two day event held in Helsinki, Finland.

Are you going to be the one flying to Helsinki this year? Stay tuned the registration process will begin shortly.

Link for followup: buni.or.tz

Tanzania: DHS/MIS 2015-2016 - Key Indicators Report (PDF)

Article by Pius Msekwa "Eleventh Bunge - Protests and Punishments: I Wish I Were the Deputy Speaker of the Eleventh Parliament"

By Pius Msekwa

There is a well known English proverb which says that: "If wishes were horses, beggars would ride". Now, I am not a beggar, nor do I have any wishes of riding a horse, for I would quickly fall off, if I did.

But I do have a different wish, which is that I wish I was the Deputy Speaker of the Eleventh Parliament of the United Republic of Tanzania. Why? Because if I was the Deputy Speaker, I would have allowed the House to proceed to hold the emergency debate which was requested by the Opposition Legislator, regarding the abrupt suspension of students of the University of Dodoma.

And, why would I have done that? Simply because that would have prevented the seemingly endless drama and commotion which is now taking place every day in the National Assembly. We, the voters of Tanzania, in our individual and collective capacities, are used to witnessing some occasional, single- occasion walk out events taking place in our august House, in protest against this or that decision made by the Speaker which they didn't like.

This actually happened during the first budget session of President Mkapa's administration, the 1996/97 Budget, I was Speaker of the House at the material time, and was actually presiding over the particular session when this event took place. We have no problem with such occasional walk-outs in protest against some decision by the Speaker. Here is the story relating to the 1996/97 Opposition protest walk out.

The debate on the budget proposals had been completed, and the time of voting to approve the Government Budget for that fiscal year had arrived. The established practice in approving the government is that members are required to vote by way of a roll call of their names individually.

The reason for this procedure is the need to establish beyond reasonable doubt, that the budget was truly approved by Parliament, in order to satisfy the requirement of article 90(2) (b) of the Constitution of the United republic of Tanzania, 1977; which provides for the immediate dissolution of Parliament in the event of Parliament refusing to approve the Government budget proposals.

Thus it is absolutely necessary to have concrete evidence to show that the budget was indeed approved, and that the decision was made when there was a quorum in the House, which is necessary for the making of valid decisions.

Thus, when the Speaker called upon the Clerk of the National Assembly to conduct the roll call exercise, the Opposition camp immediately objected, on the ground that the decision to approve the Budget should be made following the normal 'voice vote' method, which is regularly used by the House in approving all other motions.

When the Speaker overruled their request, carefully explaining that it would violate the established rules of procedure, they all marched out of the House in protest. However, this action by the Opposition MPs did not prevent the remaining Members (from the ruling party) to proceed with the roll call exercise, in order to approve the Government budget for that financial year.

This is because they constituted the require quorum, which is necessary for any decision made to be valid. This shows that the walk-out protests started taking place in our parliament more than fifteen years ago, soon after the re-introduction of multi-party politics in 1992, followed by the first multi-party elections, and the convening of the first multi-party Parliament (the Seventh Parliament) in 1995.

Such occasional walk-outs have continued to take place on an 'on-and-off' basis thereafter. But because they have created no disturbances in the House itself, such actions have generally been tolerated by the electorate.

There are two basic reasons for this tolerance. One, everyone recognises that it is the protesting MPs' constitutional right to demonstrate their disapproval of a decision with which they disagree; and two, Parliamentary tradition worldwide accepts 'protest walk-outs' from the House as a valid and acceptable mode of showing protest when there is genuine dissatisfaction; provided, of course, that they cause no disturbance to the proceedings of the House through any disorderly conduct. Walking out on a daily basis is a new phenomenon.

However, the mode of protest which we are witnessing now, namely, the protesting MPs attending Parliament only for the morning opening prayers, and walking out immediately thereafter, and this being done repeatedly for such a prolonged period; is an entirely new phenomenon, whose objectives, and its expected benefits, cannot be readily discerned by the electorate.

That was, initially, my reason why I wished I was the Deputy Speaker, for I would have allowed the motion whose rejection has seemingly brought about all this unprecedented commotion and chaos. But is it really chaos?

The answer is 'no'. The UKAWA action has actually caused no chaos at all! Instead, it has precipitated a welcome revelation of the weaknesses and fault lines which are currently present in our operations of the multi-party political system, which therefore ought to be addressed for the beneficial sustenance of Parliamentary democracy in our jurisdiction. That being the case, I was totally mistaken in my judgment of this event.

For it is now clear that what I had initially considered to be a controversial decision (which I thought had produced chaos in the House); was in fact a very valuable decision, whose outcome has now enabled us to identify the various weaknesses and fault lines which are currently present in our operation of the multi-party political system at the level of parliament. In these changed circumstances.

Consequently, my wish now is that I wish I were that Deputy Speaker who made this valuable, eye-opener decision, which has enabled us to identify the weaknesses and fault lines which have now been exposed.

These may be quickly summarized as follows: (i) The abandonment, and for such a prolonged period by the said MPs, of their constitutional obligation to properly represent their constituents in the debates which are taking place in the House.

This abandonment of their responsibility and obligation, which in the prevailing circumstances can be described as unwarranted, is clearly a major weakness in operating the multi-party political system, which ought to be corrected.

It is unwarranted because it has created several other problems which are listed below, when these could have been avoided. (ii) The equally serious abandonment by the said MPs, of their constitutional role and function, which is "to prod, to probe, and to criticise the Government of the day in the performance of its functions".

This is serious because in the multi-party parliamentary system of governance, one of the major responsibilities of the Opposition in Parliament is to ensure that the policies and the actions of the government, are constantly subjected to scrutiny (and challenge where necessary), so that those who are in authority are made to account for their stewardship. It is also important to note that the Opposition in Parliament is expected to act as 'the alternative government in waiting'.

This means that if, for any reason, the government, which is in office, is defeated at the next general elections, what was the Opposition party or coalition of parties in the previous Parliament will now become the Government.

Hence, in consideration of this factor, the Opposition's actions and behaviour in the House must satisfy the electorate, that they can indeed form a viable alternative government, as this is what will persuade the voters to give them a chance at the next general election.

Thus, in order for them to be able to achieve that desirable objective, they have an obligation to actively participate in the House debates in order to make a critical examination of the government's proposals, especially the annual Budget proposals, to enable them to expose the weaknesses(if any), in these proposals. But their active participation also affords the Government of the day the opportunity to justify its stewardship in the most transparent and convincing manner.

This parliamentary interplay between the Government and the Opposition is what constitutes the life-blood of parliamentary democracy. Hence, the current deliberate abandonment by the UKAWA Opposition of this interplay obviously creates a major fault line in our operation of the multi-party parliamentary system. (iii) The self-inflicted injury, and the injury inflicted on the interests of the people whom they represent in the august House.

This is because at the national level, our governance system operates entirely on the basis of representation. Since the entire adult population of Tanzania cannot possibly be assembled together for the purpose of making decisions which affect their lives and well-being, such decision-making can only be made by their elected representatives duly assembled in Parliament for that purpose, and participating fully in the discussions which routinely take place before the relevant decisions are made.

Thus, the current boycott of the budget discussions by the UKAWA Opposition has, in its effect, created two avoidable injuries; one, a self-inflicted injury in the form of a financial punishment which was inevitably imposed upon them. But two, which is of much greater importance and significance, is the injury they have caused on the valid interests of those people who elected them to represent them in Parliament.

By their boycott action, the said MPs have deliberately ceased to act as such representatives. This is another fault line which requires to be corrected, because the valid interests of the people ought not, and must not, be trampled upon, and certainly not in such unorthodox ways. (iv) The objectives, as well as the desired results of their action are obviously and clearly unattainable.

The action of any person, who embarks on a task which he knows he cannot accomplish, is usually a demonstrate of a serious weakness in the judgment capacity of that person. Similarly, the instant action taken by the UKAWA MPs appears to demonstrate similar weaknesses of judgment.

Members of the public were informed, through their public statement, that their action had two objectives: One was to express their dissatisfaction over the manner in which the Deputy Speaker was conducting the deliberations of the House and the other was to seek the ouster of the Deputy Speaker from office.

There is certainly no problem regarding their first objective of expressing dissatisfaction. This is their constitutional right, except that could have been fully achieved through a single walk out as has been done on several occasions in the past.

Thus, for the rather limited purpose of expressing dissatisfaction, their current prolonged daily walk outs of the House are completely unnecessary. But their second objective of seeking to remove the Deputy Speaker from office, is not only unattainable, but is also totally misguided.

This is because the UKAWA MPs are fully aware of the relevant provisions of the Standing orders of the National Assembly concerning the matter of removing the Deputy Speaker from office.

This awareness is evidenced by their action of submitting notice of a motion for the achievement of that objective. The relevant rule is no. 138(4), which provides as follows: - "NaibuSpika atakuwa ameondolewa kwenye madaraka endapo zitapigwa kura za kuunga mkono hoja hiyo, zisizopungua theluthi mbili ya Wabunge wote, na uamuzi huu utafanywa kwa kura za siri".

The UKAWA MPs surely know, or ought to know, that under this rule, their second objective cannot possibly be achieved. This is because the UKAWA Opposition does not have the numbers required for their motion to be adopted; and It would be naïve for them to expect that any of the CCM MPs will support them in this vote, for they surely know, or ought to know, that the ruling party's whip will inevitably be applied in this case, strictly in accordance with the rules of competition under the multi-party system of governance.

If this may appear to be unorthodox to people who are 'uninitiated' in matters of Parliamentary procedure and practice, together with the applicable rules; they should take note that the said 'rules of competition' are founded on the original version which is commonly attributed to former Chairman Mao dze Dong, that famous revolutionary leader of China, who reportedly laid down the following 'rule of thumb', that "Party cadres should oppose whatever your enemy supports, and support whatever your enemy opposes".

Failure to recognise the parliamentary rules of political competition, which operate in varying degrees of intensity in almost all parliaments under the multi-party system, is a weakness which needs to be corrected, primarily through efforts to acquire the relevant information and knowledge.

Paying teacher bonuses, delivering Capitation Grants directly to schools boosts children’s learning - Twaweza, COSTECH

(image source: www.povertyactionlab.org)
  • Paying teacher bonuses and delivering Capitation Grants directly to schools boosts children’s learning
  • A Twaweza and COSTECH multi-year experiment yields promising results
24 June 2016, Dar es Salaam: After a two year trial, Twaweza, in collaboration with COSTECH and Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA), have shown that a combination of teacher financial incentives and direct resource transfer to schools can improve learning outcomes.

The results of the pilot project known as KiuFunza, the largest of its kind in East Africa, were presented at an event on evidence-based policy-making in education at the Commission for Science and Technology (COSTECH) held on 23 and 24 June.

Over the two years, Twaweza and IPA tested the following initiatives in 350 schools across 10 districts in Tanzania:
  1. Capitation grant – transferring the government mandated TZS 10,000 per child directly to schools instead of to district authorities (the trial took place prior to the government’s decision to transfer this money to schools themselves)
  2. Cash on delivery (teacher bonus) – teachers were awarded a TZS 5,000 bonus and the head teacher earned TZS 1,000 for every student that passed basic literacy (English and Kiswahili) and numeracy tests in Standards 1 to 3.
  3. Combination – both the bonus system and the direct transfer of funds
The key findings are:
  • Directly transferring money to schools in full and on time increases the availability of teaching and learning materials in schools. In turn this leads to a better environment for both pupils and teachers which can also motivate both to attend school more. However these resources did not have any direct effects on learning outcomes during the two year trial.
  • Paying teachers bonuses appears to have a positive effect on learning outcomes, but the results are not conclusive.
  • The combination of direct money transfers to schools and teacher bonuses had a significant and positive effect on learning outcomes; more resources available in schools and more motivated teachers mean that children learn.
In 2014
  • TZS 1,125 million worth of Capitation Grant were paid directly to school bank accounts
  • TZS 237 million was earned by head teachers and subject teachers as bonus payments
  • 157 head teachers and 969 subject teachers were involved in the trial
  • 42,725 children were tested in the ‘cash-on-delivery’ schools for grade appropriate literacy and numeracy skills to establish the bonus payments of their teachers
Most head teachers (93%) in the KiuFunza schools agreed that the COD tests measured what is in the national curriculum. The average pass rates across all three grades on the 2014 tests were 55 percent (Kiswahili), 6 percent (English) and 32 percent (Mathematics).

The recently released Tanzania Service Delivery Indicators (SDIs) show that 47 percent of teachers (all grades) are not in their classroom during an unannounced visit. In most cases these teacher are at school but engaged in other activities. As a result, pupils benefit from only 39 percent of the officially scheduled instruction time.

Following the success of this pilot Twaweza is running the second phase of KiuFunza. In this revised pilot, teachers are awarded bonuses for improved student performance, not only when students pass a test. This means that teachers can earn some bonus even if their pupils have not mastered the full range of skills required but have shown progress over the year).

Twaweza chose to focus on teacher incentives for the first and second phases of KiuFunza because evidence from around the world shows that teacher effort can have a significant impact on learning outcomes.

At the event where these results were announced, co-hosted by Twaweza and COSTECH, key actors from the education sector, including the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, received a detailed explanation of the findings and the new design of the second phase of the intervention. Participants were also invited to reflect more generally on teacher incentives (what can help teachers to be more motivated to perform better), accountability (how can we ensure that teachers do deliver on their responsibilities) and monitoring (how do we know what teachers are really doing or teaching).

The conference also marked the launch of a new global initiative to conduct Research in Improving Education Systems (RISE) of which Twaweza and the University of Dar es Salaam are a part.

Kitila Mkumbo, Senior Consultant at Twaweza said “Twaweza and IPA have shown that, combined with direct resource transfers to schools, teacher bonuses can improve learning outcomes. Although learning is driven by a complex range of factors, we have shown, through scientific research, that these elements in combination can bring change. Given the promises of the campaign trail and the fifth phase government’s focus on improving service delivery and the lives of ordinary citizens, we hope this research will be heard at the highest levels. We finally have concrete evidence of what works to ensure children learn. The challenge now is how to scale this up in a sustainable way.”

Aidan Eyakuze, Executive Director of Twaweza, said “Teachers are where learning starts and ends. Yet, as with much of our public sector, there are critical elements required to ensure that teachers deliver on their promise to the next generation of Tanzanians. We need evidence – on how best to train our teachers, how to ensure that every shilling we use for education is invested wisely and for maximum impact. We also need incentives –public servants are currently neither rewarded for excellent performance, nor penalized for failing to do their jobs properly. Finally, we must monitor what is really happening; was the teacher in school today? Was the doctor polite to the patient? These are the basis for a strong public sector that can deliver services well to citizens. Twaweza is proud to be making a positive contribution to these vital aspects of how services are delivered to citizens.”

---- Ends ----

For more information:
Risha Chande, Senior Communications Advisor, Twaweza
e: [email protected] | t: (+255) (0) 656 657 559

Notes to Editors
  • Twaweza works on enabling children to learn, citizens to exercise agency and governments to be more open and responsive in Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. We have programs, staff and offices across all three countries, and a globally respected practice of learning, monitoring and evaluation. Our flagship programs include Uwezo, Africa’s largest annual citizen assessment to assess children’s learning levels across hundreds of thousands of households, and Sauti za Wananchi, Africa’s first nationally representative mobile phone survey. We undertake effective public and policy engagement, through powerful media partnerships and global leadership of initiatives such as the Open Government Partnership
  • Web: www.twaweza.org Facebook: Twaweza Tanzania Twitter: @Twaweza_NiSisi

Kuwait offers 50 free study seats in Tanzania

KUWAIT, June 23 (KUNA) -- Kuwait's Ambassador to Tanzania Jassem Al-Najem offered the first payment of Kuwait's contribution to the Tanzanian President Dr. John Magufuli's project of free education.

The grant secures 50 study seats to primary-level students. Each seat is enough for three students, out of a total of 300 seats for intermediate and high school levels, to be offered later in batches.

Kuwait is the first country that contributes to the free education project in Tanzania, said the diplomat during a ceremony making hand-out the first installment. It was attended by Minister for Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and Regional Integration Dr. Augustine Phillip Mahiga.

The ambassador indicated that there is an increasing need for free study seats, due to the large number of students who have joined schools after President Maguflui announced free education for all locals.

Kuwait is keen in boosting development in Tanzania, as education and health services form basic pillars at this level, Al-Najem said.

Mahiga expressed gratitude to Kuwait's fast response to the Tanzania Ministry request, which reflects its keenness on enhancing the bilateral relations between both nations.

He also thanked Kuwaiti charities for various donations in Tanzania, especially in the education and health sectors. (end) lb