Kurasa za mbele na nyuma za magazeti ya Tanzania leo Juni 28, 2016

Brexit: Implications for Tanzania - Trade, Investment and Development Aid perspectives

via LinkedIn: Dar es Salaam, Tanzania -- JAMES Ndale (not real names), a street vendor selling music CDs along the Julius Nyerere Road and a user/beneficiary of Infrastructure, one of the focal sectors of European Union (EU) cooperation well supported by funding from the EU’s European Development Fund, may not have learnt by now that on 23 June 2016 Britain - a former colony of the then Tanganyika Territory (now Tanzania) - decided, on a referendum, to cut itself adrift from the EU by a 52% to 48% vote; although Scotland, London and Northern Ireland all had a majority for remaining.

The overarching argument for the decision was that the EU has undergone remarkable changes and developments over time, thereby diminishing the sovereignty of Britain and its capacity to project dominating power and influence on European and global events and possibilities.

Britain’s exit from the EU, widely referred to as the “Brexit”, has shocked global financial markets, depressed investor confidence and plunged the British Pound Sterling (GBP) to its lowest level since 1985, according to recent news reports.

Following the surprise victory for the Brexit, Mr. David Cameron has also announced he’s to step down as the Prime Minister of Britain by October 2016, but the French Foreign Affairs Minister, Mr. Jean-Marc Ayraut, has gone as far as to call for Mr. Cameron to make way hastily for a new British prime minister.

Even more astonishingly and fickly, now, almost three days after the vote to leave the EU, market turmoil and potential crisis lurks over the global economy.

The Bank of Tanzania (BOT)’s Governor, Prof. Benno Ndulu, needs to ‘keep an ear to the ground’ on any real, direct and immediate impacts; and begin working on contingency plans to best utilize the 2-year period, stipulated under Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, within which Britain would have to negotiate its exit from the EU.

Then, the BOT would need to reconsider many of Tanzania’s key trade and investment commitments and their future as well as the country’s development aid anticipations - although in its 2016/17 budget, the Dr. Magufuli administration has planned to cut aid dependency to 3% from 6.4% by augmenting revenue collection.

Tanzania is a large recipient of EU aid, channeled through the European Development Fund (EDF), whose main objectives include, among others, advocating pro-poor growth and improving economic governance and business climate. Between 2008 and 2013, the EU apportioned Euros 555 million to support the country’s poverty reduction strategy, known as MKUKUTA, and to boost efforts in infrastructure, communications, transport and trade.

The huge scope of EU-funded development assistance in Tanzania has included the Road Transport Sector Policy (RTSP) project improving national and rural roads, the UNHCR-managed programme dealing with the influx of refugees, the EAC and SADC regional integration programmes, agriculture and food security projects mitigating the negative impact of volatile food prices on vulnerable households, community based healthcare projects, and projects for upgrading urban water supply and sanitation and for sustainable management of the environment and natural resources.

Moreover, as a crucial step in the programming of EU aid in Tanzania, the EU and Tanzania inked the National Indicative Programme (NIP) for the period 2014-2020 for a total of Euros 626 million towards general budget support, energy and sustainable agriculture.

An era of uncertainty heralded by the Brexit could start for Tanzania; given that the foregoing projects were negotiated under the hitherto 28-member EU bloc that has now shrunk to 27 members after Britain quit the bloc.

Indeed, one might ask: What, now, becomes of the recent EU- East African Community (EAC) and EU- Southern African Development Cooperation (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)? Will Tanzania be required to renegotiate its trade relations with both Britain and the EU?

Within the EU, Britain is Tanzania’s biggest trading partner and Tanzanian business executives, entrepreneurs and professionals use London as their base to access the EU market; yet, Britain will no longer be a member of the EU and a party to the EAC-and-SADC EPAs in the post-Brexit epoch. Thus, a renegotiation of these EPAs will be inevitable.

It needs to be underscored that treaty renegotiation can turn out to be a protracted and costly process, which could result in lower trade volumes between Britain and Tanzania.

Likewise, while Britain is - in its own right - a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), Britain will seek to have its own tariff schedule since it will stop relying on the Common External Tariff (CET or sometimes CXT) applied to products exported from Tanzania and other non-EU countries to the EU.

Put altogether, this may pose a real challenge for the Dr. Magufuli administration and the private sector. This is especially so in light of the intertwined economic relations and aid commitments. As a predominantly agrarian economy, Tanzania’s sectors likely to suffer most include food and beverages and other manufactured products.

Britain is evidently one of the largest contributors to the EDF, the EU’s chief instrument for development aid in Tanzania and other African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries and the overseas territories.

In the final 2015 EU budget of Euros 141.3 billion, Britain’s net contribution was GBP 8.5 billion (circa Euros 10.8 billion); the out-turn in the 2014 budget of Euros 139.03 billion was GBP 9.8 billion (circa Euros 12.1 billion), according to a recent statement presented by the Exchequer to the British Parliament on the 2015 EU budget.

EU aid disbursements and FDI inflows into Tanzania could deteriorate, and the Dr. Magufuli administration’s capacity to fully implement its TZS 29.5-trillion budget for FY 2016/17 could be hampered. Fortunately, the administration has taken numerous efforts to curb public spending and to increase revenue collection since taking the reins of power last October.

Besides a possible slump in development aid, the Brexit may have negative implications for Tanzania’s bilateral trade with Britain and the EU.

Britain overtook France to become the world’s 5th largest economy in 2015, according to a report by the Centre for Economics Business and Research (CEBR). Britain is also one of Tanzania’s top 5 trading partners, and both countries have extensive bilateral relations in areas covering trade, investments, tourism, employment of Diaspora Tanzanians, and the GBP-TZS exchange rate.

In truth, a sustained fall in GDP to the British economy may enhance negative spillover effects for the Tanzanian economy.

The Brexit could, therefore, in the long run wipe some percentage points off Tanzania’s GDP – already projected by Minister of Finance, Dr. Philip Mpango, to grow by 7.2% in FY 2016/17 from real growth of 7.0% in FY 2015/16.

What is more, Tanzania, affected by the oil price drop and China’s economic slowdown and market rout, could experience higher volatility in the GBP-TZS exchange rate as uncertainty grows and the U.S. dollar gains ground against its major rivals due to; in part, the demand for ‘safe-haven assets’ amidst the uncertainty. Just close to Tanzania, local media report the GBP was very volatile and transactions in the currency were mired across Rwanda.

But perhaps, with the Brexit vote, Tanzania’s trade and investment relations and development cooperation with Britain can only shape up.

According to media reports, Minister for Industry, Trade and Investment, Mr. Charles Mwijage, has said the vote will not affect Tanzania’s key economic links with Britain, save for those under EU treaties. Tourism industry analysts have also predicted tourism inflows from the EU into Tanzania will remain strong because, in the tourism sector, EU countries trade individually with Tanzania.

Besides that, there's the view by the British Minister for Africa, Mr. James Duddridge, that development aid allocated straight from the UK’s Department for International Development (DfID) to Tanzania will be more efficient. In line with this view, should the majority of Tanzanians working in the agricultural sector expect Britain, which strongly opposed the high level of EU subsidies, to direct more support towards their farming activities and towards helping them become more competitive?

We can expect Tanzania and Britain to reaffirm respective relations as the foundation for deliberating on policy priorities and promoting more inclusive and sustainable economic growth in Tanzania, so as to reduce poverty.

Nevertheless, as new uncertainties may transpire depending, of course, on the precise trade deal Britain can negotiate with the EU and on how swiftly the deal can be sealed, the Dr. Magufuli government and private sector businesses need to add Britain’s exit from the EU to their contemporary agenda.

If, however, a swift trade deal giving Britain some favourable access to the EU market is sealed, the uncertainties and risks for Tanzania may ‘evaporate into thin air’.

Paul Kibuuka is the Managing Partner of Tanzanian law firm Kibuuka Law Chambers, where he advises on policy, legal and regulatory aspects of inbound foreign direct investment (FDI) projects into Tanzania.
Email: [email protected]

Gov’t moves to settle thousands of Ugandans expelled from Tanzania

Government has set up a taskforce to come up with a mechanism for resettling 5,704 Ugandans who were expelled from Tanzania between the year 2000 and 2013 and have been living temporarily in Sango Bay in Rakai, and have now been relocated to government land in Kyaka 1, Kyegegwa District.

The taskforce, to be chaired by State Minister for Disaster Preparedness and Refugees, Musa Ecweru, was set up by Prime Minister Dr Ruhakana Rugunda following a visit he made to Kyaka 1, Kyegegwa District on Sunday. During the visit, the Prime Minister met the local district leadership, and addressed local people as well as the Ugandans who have just arrived in the area from Sango Bay.

The team comprises officials from the Office of the Prime Minister, Kyegegwa District Local Government, local and other opinion leaders.

Prime Minister Rugunda’s visit to the area that is currently gazzetted as a refugee settlement follows a directive by President Yoweri Museveni and reports of growing discomfort among the locals who fear that they may be displaced.

“No Ugandan will be displaced. There is no cause for alarm. That is the message President has given me to bring to you,” Prime Minister Rugunda told hundreds of people who came to listen to him at Rwentuuha.

The taskforce will undertake a detailed study of the matter, advise on the best course of action, and report within three months. It will also commence the opening up of the boundaries of Kyaka 1 Government land, verify the size and current occupants of the land and sensitize the local population about land ownership issues and other related matters.

Throughout the process, the taskforce will ensure that the current occupants of the land, the Ugandans who were expelled from Tanzania, and the land currently gazetted for refugee settlement are all catered for.

In the period between the year 2000 and 2013, the government of Tanzania expelled a number of Ugandans who had migrated and settled in the Kagera region. The Ugandans had moved to Tanzania between 1930 and 1965. Although they had lived in Tanzania for a long time, they did not regularize their stay.

In 2000, the first lot of 2,793 Ugandans were expelled from Tanzania and were received by government before being resettled in Kahunge, a former refugee camp in Kamwenge District. Three years later, another 900 Ugandans were expelled from Tanzania and were resettled in Rwamwanja Refugee Camp.

In 2007, 704 other Ugandans were expelled from Tanzania. Recently in 2013, Tanzania again expelled 5,000 more Ugandans.
The last two lots of 5,704 first camped in a swampy place in Kikagati, Isingiro District, and were later transferred to Sango Bay in Rakai District.

For the past four years, these 5,704 Ugandans of 713 households have lived in temporary shelters without land to cultivate and other forms of economic activity in Sango Bay.

The Government therefore decided to resettle them on Government land in Kyaka 1, in Kyegegwa District. The Kyegegwa land had previously housed Rwandan refugees, who returned to their country in 1994. Following their departure, some people took advantage of the situation and occupied part of it. [www.chimpreports.com]

Taarifa ya habari ChannelTEN Juni 27, 2016

Hii aibu ifutwe! Kutoka kuongoza kielimu hadi kuongoza kugida mataptap, Kilimanjaro, Dar; Kulikoni?

ASILIMIA 87 ya watanzania wanakunywa pombe za kienyeji huku Mikoa wa Dar es salaam na Moshi ikiongoza kwa kuwa na wanywaji wengi wa pombe.

Sambamba na hilo, kwa sasa vijana wengi wanatumia pombe kupita kiasi kuanzia shule ya msingi hadi Vyuo Vikuu hali inayosababisha kukumbwa na magonjwa ya akili na kujiingiza kwenye vitendo vya uhalifu.

Kauli hiyo ilitolewa hivi karibuni na Katibu Mkuu wa Chama cha Wataalam wa Afya ya Akili Tanzania (MEHATA), Dk. Kissah Mwambene, alipokuwa akitoa mada kwa wabunge juu ya athari za matumizi ya pombe iliyoandaliwa na Chama cha Waandishi wa Habari Wanawake (TAMWA), mjini hapa.

Alisema takwimu hizo zinatokana na utafiti uliofanywa na Shirika la Afya Duniani (WHO) mwaka 2010 nchini ambapo kumekuwepo na ongezeko la unywaji pombe kupita kiasi na kusababisha uwepo na ukatili wa kijinsia kwa jamii.

Mwambene alisema utafiti huo ulifanywa kwa watu wenye umri wa kuanzia miaka 15 na unywaji pombe kwa ujumla ikiwemo za kienyeji na za kiwandani asilimia wanaume ni 40.6 na wanawake ni asilimia 23.3.

Alibainisha ukatili wa mwanaume kwa wanawake ni mkubwa sana na kuwepo na magovi katika jamii, mauaji ya kikatili na wengine kupata madhara mengi ya kijamii na kiuchumi.

Hata hivyo, alisema hali hiyo pia inasababisha urahisi wa kupata magonjwa ya akili huku akiwatahadharisha kina mama mjamzito wanaotumia pombe kuwa wanaweza kuzaa watoto wenye sura ya tofauti na wenye mtindio wa ubongo.
“Pombe inasababisha matatizo ya kujiua yanaongezeka na Tanzania kwa utafiti wa mwaka juzi imekuwa ni nchi ya nane kwa kuongoza na vitendo vya watu kujiua,” alisema Mtaalamu huyo
Kwa upande wake, Mtaalamu wa Tafiti za Afya (TPHA), Dk.Shaibu Mashombo, alisema matumizi ya pombe kupita kiasi yanafanya wanaume kushindwa kupata watoto na uwezo wa kufanya kazi na taraka kuongezeka.

Akifungua semina hiyo, Naibu Waziri wa Afya,Maendeleo ya Jamii,Jinsia,Wazee na Watoto, Dk. Hamis Kigwangalla, alisema ni ulevi ni tatizo kubwa katika jamii huku akitaja kwa maeneo ya Dar es Salaam ikiwemo Kinondoni, Salanga na Makumbusho yanaongoza. 

Aidha alisema asilimia 30 ya vijana wenye umri wa chini ya miaka 15 wameanza ulevi na asilimia 80 ya wasomi ni watu wanaotumia pombe huku asilimia 63 wanaoishi jirani na vilabu vya pombe ni wanatumia kilevi.

Naye Mratibu wa semina hiyo kutoka TAMWA, Gladness Munuo alisema kuna haja ya kuweka sera na sheria nzuri za kuzuia ulevi.

Kwa upande wao wabunge wakichangia walishauri kupigwa marufuku uuzwaji wa pombe za viroba kwa kuwa vinaathiri vijana wengi.

TPA: Advert for tender opportunities



TradeMark East Africa (TMEA), the procuring entity, seeks bids from qualified firms/consortiums to undertake the proposed Consultancy assignments; PRQ20151294 Capacity Building & Diagnosis for Scanner Upgrade at the Port of Dar es Salaam to the benefit of the Government of United Republic of Tanzania represented by Tanzania Ports Authority (TPA).

Terms of reference for this consultancy and the Request for Proposals (RFP) document can be obtained at http://www.trademarkea.com/get-involved/procurement

The submission deadline is Monday, 25th July 2016, 4.00 p.m. Tanzania local time.

Queries regarding the tender should only be sent to [email protected] clearly quoting the Tender Title and Number in the email subject.

TMEA cannot answer any query relating to this tender 7 days or less prior to the submission deadline.

Kitwanga amkabidhi rasmi ofisi Nchemba

Waziri wa Mambo ya Ndani ya Nchi, Mwigulu M.L Nchemba (kushoto) akipokea taarifa ya makabidhiano kutoka kwa aliyekuwa Waziri wa Wizara hiyo, Charles Kitwanga kwenye ofisi ya Waziri wa Mambo ya Ndani ya Nchi, jijini Dar es salaam leo.

Waziri wa Mambo ya Ndani ya Nchi, Mwigulu M.L Nchemba akizungumza na aliyekuwa Waziri wa Wizara hiyo, Charles Kitwanga (kushoto) pamoja na Watendaji Wakuu wa Wizara hiyo, kwenye ofisi ya Waziri wa Mambo ya Ndani ya Nchi, jijini Dar es salaam leo, mara baada ya Wizara Mwigulu kupokea taarifa ya makabidhiano.

Waziri wa Mambo ya Ndani ya Nchi, Mwigulu M.L Nchemba (kushoto meza kuu) akimsikiliza aliyekuwa Waziri wa Wizara hiyo, Charles Kitwanga alipokuwa anazungumza na Waziri huyo pamoja na Watendaji Wakuu wa Wizara hiyo, kwenye ofisi ya Waziri wa Mambo ya Ndani ya Nchi, jijini Dar es salaam leo, mara baada ya Wizara Mwigulu kupokea taarifa ya makabidhiano ofisini humo.

Waziri wa Mambo ya Ndani ya Nchi, Mwigulu M.L Nchemba (kushoto) akimsikiliza Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara hiyo, Meja Jenerali Projest Rwegasira (wa pili kulia) alipokuwa anazungumza kabla ya aliyekuwa Waziri wa Wizara hiyo, Charles Kitwanga (wa tatu kulia) kukabidhi ofisi kwa Waziri Mwigulu. Kulia ni Naibu Katibu Mkuu, Balozi Simba Yahya.

Waziri wa Mambo ya Ndani ya Nchi, Mwigulu M.L Nchemba (kushoto) akimsikiliza Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara hiyo, Meja Jenerali Projest Rwegasira (kulia) mara baada ya aliyekuwa Waziri wa Wizara hiyo, Charles Kitwanga (katikati) kukabidhi ofisi kwa Waziri Mwigulu.

Waziri wa Mambo ya Ndani ya Nchi, Mwigulu M.L Nchemba (kushoto), aliyekuwa Waziri wa Wizara hiyo, Charles Kitwanga wakifurahi jambo mara baada ya Waziri Mwigulu kupokea taarifa ya makabidhiano katika tukio lililofanyika ofisini kwa Waziri huyo, jijini Dar es salaam leo.

Waziri wa Mambo ya Ndani ya Nchi, Mwigulu M.L Nchemba (wa pili kushoto) akipokea taarifa ya makabidhiano kutoka kwa aliyekuwa Waziri wa Wizara hiyo, Charles Kitwanga kwenye ofisi ya Waziri wa Mambo ya Ndani ya Nchi, jijini Dar es salaam leo. Kushoto ni Katibu Mkuu wa Wizara hiyo, Meja Jenerali Projest Rwegasira. 
  • Picha zote na Wizara ya Mambo ya Ndani ya Nchi

Kurasa za mbele na nyuma za magazeti ya Tanzania leo Juni 27, 2016